BioPAX pathway converted from "SPOP:CUL3:RBX1 ubiquitinates GLI2,3" in the Reactome database. LEFT-TO-RIGHT SPOP:CUL3:RBX1 ubiquitinates GLI2,3 The transcriptional activity of full-length activated Ci/GLI proteins is restricted by their rapid ubiquitin-mediated degradation after initiation of Hh signaling (Ohlmeyer et al, 1998; Humke et al, 2010; Tukachinsky et al, 2010; Wen et al, 2010). Ubiquitination of Ci, GLI2 and GLI3 is mediated by the E3 ligase complex SPOP:CUL3:RBX1, which ubiquitinates the transcription factors in a Hh-dependent manner (Zhang et al, 2006; Kent et al, 2006; Zhang et al, 2009; Chen et al, 2009). Authored: Rothfels, Karen, 2014-10-30 Reviewed: Liu, Yulu Cherry, 2014-11-09 Edited: Gillespie, Marc E, 2014-10-30 2p-GLI:SPOP:CUL3:RBX1 Reactome DB_ID: 5635087 nucleoplasm GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0005654 SPOP:CUL3:RBX1 Reactome DB_ID: 5635071 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome SPOP dimer Reactome DB_ID: 5635065 SPOP dimer Reactome DB_ID: 5635066 SPOP Reactome DB_ID: 5635035 UniProt:O43791 SPOP SPOP FUNCTION Component of a cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex that mediates the ubiquitination of target proteins, leading most often to their proteasomal degradation. In complex with CUL3, involved in ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of BRMS1, DAXX, PDX1/IPF1, GLI2 and GLI3. In complex with CUL3, involved in ubiquitination of MACROH2A1 and BMI1; this does not lead to their proteasomal degradation. Inhibits transcriptional activation of PDX1/IPF1 targets, such as insulin, by promoting PDX1/IPF1 degradation. The cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex containing homodimeric SPOP has higher ubiquitin ligase activity than the complex that contains the heterodimer formed by SPOP and SPOPL. Involved in the regulation of bromodomain and extra-terminal motif (BET) proteins BRD2, BRD3, BRD4 stability (PubMed:32109420).PATHWAY Protein modification; protein ubiquitination.SUBUNIT Interacts with GLI2 and GLI3 (By similarity). Homodimer and homooligomer. Heterodimer with SPOPL. Each dimer interacts with two CUL3 molecules. Part of cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes that contain CUL3 and homodimeric SPOP, or the heterodimer formed by SPOP and SPOPL, plus a target protein, such as MACROH2A1, PDX1/IPF1, BMI1, BRMS1 and DAXX.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Widely expressed.DOMAIN The BTB (POZ) domain mediates dimerization and interaction with CUL3.DOMAIN The MATH domain mediates interaction with protein-ubiquitin ligase substrates, such as MACROH2A1 and BMI1.MISCELLANEOUS Antigen recognized by serum from scleroderma patient.SIMILARITY Belongs to the Tdpoz family. Homo sapiens NCBI Taxonomy 9606 UniProt O43791 1 EQUAL 374 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635035 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635035 Reactome R-HSA-5635035 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635035.2 Reactome http://www.reactome.org 2 Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635066 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635066 Reactome R-HSA-5635066 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635066.1 SPOP:SPOPL Reactome DB_ID: 5635068 SPOPL Reactome DB_ID: 5635036 UniProt:Q6IQ16 SPOPL SPOPL FUNCTION Component of a cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex that mediates the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of target proteins, but with relatively low efficiency. Cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes containing homodimeric SPOPL or the heterodimer formed by SPOP and SPOPL are less efficient than ubiquitin ligase complexes containing only SPOP. May function to down-regulate the activity of cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes that contain SPOP.PATHWAY Protein modification; protein ubiquitination.SUBUNIT Homodimer. Heterodimer with SPOP. Component of cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes containing homodimeric SPOPL or the heterodimer formed by SPOP and SPOPL. Interacts with CUL3 and MACROH2A1.SIMILARITY Belongs to the Tdpoz family. UniProt Q6IQ16 1 EQUAL 392 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635036 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635036 Reactome R-HSA-5635036 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635036.1 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635068 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635068 Reactome R-HSA-5635068 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635068.1 Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635065 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635065 Reactome R-HSA-5635065 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635065.1 1 ZYP RBX1 RNF75 ROC1 E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase RBX1 Reactome DB_ID: 1234142 UniProt:P62877 RBX1 RBX1 RNF75 ROC1 FUNCTION E3 ubiquitin ligase component of multiple cullin-RING-based E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase (CRLs) complexes which mediate the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of target proteins, including proteins involved in cell cycle progression, signal transduction, transcription and transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair (PubMed:10230407, PubMed:10579999, PubMed:15983046, PubMed:16678110, PubMed:19112177, PubMed:19679664, PubMed:23455478, PubMed:27565346, PubMed:29769719, PubMed:11961546, PubMed:22748924). CRLs complexes and ARIH1 collaborate in tandem to mediate ubiquitination of target proteins, ARIH1 mediating addition of the first ubiquitin on CRLs targets (PubMed:27565346). The functional specificity of the E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes depends on the variable substrate recognition components. As a component of the CSA complex promotes the ubiquitination of ERCC6 resulting in proteasomal degradation. Recruits the E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme CDC34 to the complex and brings it into close proximity to the substrate. Probably also stimulates CDC34 autoubiquitination. May be required for histone H3 and histone H4 ubiquitination in response to ultraviolet and for subsequent DNA repair. Promotes the neddylation of CUL1, CUL2, CUL4 and CUL4 via its interaction with UBE2M. Involved in the ubiquitination of KEAP1, ENC1 and KLHL41. In concert with ATF2 and CUL3, promotes degradation of KAT5 thereby attenuating its ability to acetylate and activate ATM.PATHWAY Protein modification; protein ubiquitination.SUBUNIT Part of a SCF complex consisting of CUL1, RBX1, SKP1 and SKP2 (PubMed:11961546). Part of a SCF-like complex consisting of CUL7, RBX1, SKP1 and FBXW8. Part of CBC(VHL) complexes with elongin BC complex (ELOB and ELOC), CUL2 or CUL5 and VHL. Part of the CSA complex (DCX(ERCC8) complex), a DCX E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex containing ERCC8, RBX1, DDB1 and CUL4A; the CSA complex interacts with RNA polymerase II; upon UV irradiation it interacts with the COP9 signalosome and preferentially with the hyperphosphorylated form of RNA polymerase II. Part of multisubunit E3 ubiquitin ligase complexes with elongin BC complex (ELOB and ELOC), CUL2 and MED8; elongin BC complex (ELOB and ELOC), CUL5 and MUF1. Part of multisubunit complexes with elongin BC complex (ELOB and ELOC), elongin A/ELOA or SOCS1 or WSB1 and CUL5. Interacts directly with CUL1 and probably also with CUL2, CUL3, CUL4A, CUL4B, CUL5 and CUL7. Interacts with CDC34 (PubMed:22748924). Interacts with GLMN. GLMN competes for the binding site of the E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme CDC34 and disrupts CDC34 binding (PubMed:22748924). Interacts with COPS6. Component of the DCX DET1-COP1 ubiquitin ligase complex at least composed of RBX1, DET1, DDB1, CUL4A and COP1. Part of an E3 ligase complex composed of RBX1, DDB1, DDB2 and CUL4A or CUL4B. Interacts with UBE2M. Part of a SCF complex consisting of CUL1, FBXO3, RBX1 and SKP1; this complex interacts with PML via FBXO3. Component of the SCF(Cyclin F) complex consisting of CUL1, RBX1, SKP1 and CCNF. Identified in a SCF (SKP1-CUL1-F-box protein) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex together with HINT1 and CDC34. Component of multiple BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes formed of CUL3, RBX1 and a variable BTB domain-containing protein. Part of the BCR(ENC1) complex containing ENC1. Part of the BCR(GAN) complex containing GAN. Part of the BCR(KLHL41) complex containing KLHL41. Part of the BCR(KEAP1) complex containing KEAP1. Interacts with SESN1 and SESN2 (PubMed:23274085). Interacts with NOTCH2 (PubMed:29149593). Component of the BCR(KLHL22) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3, KLHL22 and RBX1 (PubMed:23455478). Interacts with DCUN1D1, DCUN1D2, DCUN1D3, DCUN1D4 and DCUN1D5 (PubMed:26906416, PubMed:24192928, PubMed:25349211). Component of a BCR3 (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, also named Cul3-RING ubiquitin ligase complex CUL3(KBTBD6/7), composed of CUL3, RBX1, KBTBD6 and KBTBD7 (PubMed:25684205).SUBUNIT (Microbial infection) Interacts with human adenovirus 5 protein E1A; this interaction inhibits RBX1-CUL1-dependent elongation reaction of ubiquitin chains by the SCF(FBW7) complex.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Widely expressed.DOMAIN The RING-type zinc finger domain is essential for ubiquitin ligase activity (PubMed:10230407). It coordinates an additional third zinc ion (PubMed:11961546, PubMed:22748924).SIMILARITY Belongs to the RING-box family. UniProt P62877 2 EQUAL 108 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 1234142 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=1234142 Reactome R-HSA-1234142 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-1234142.1 2 CUL3 Cullin-3 CUL3_HUMAN Reactome DB_ID: 5635033 UniProt:Q13618 CUL3 CUL3 KIAA0617 FUNCTION Core component of multiple cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes which mediate the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of target proteins. BCR complexes and ARIH1 collaborate in tandem to mediate ubiquitination of target proteins (PubMed:27565346). As a scaffold protein may contribute to catalysis through positioning of the substrate and the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme. The E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity of the complex is dependent on the neddylation of the cullin subunit and is inhibited by the association of the deneddylated cullin subunit with TIP120A/CAND1. The functional specificity of the BCR complex depends on the BTB domain-containing protein as the substrate recognition component. BCR(KLHL42) is involved in ubiquitination of KATNA1. BCR(SPOP) is involved in ubiquitination of BMI1/PCGF4, BRMS1, MACROH2A1 and DAXX, GLI2 and GLI3. Can also form a cullin-RING-based BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complex containing homodimeric SPOPL or the heterodimer formed by SPOP and SPOPL; these complexes have lower ubiquitin ligase activity. BCR(KLHL9-KLHL13) controls the dynamic behavior of AURKB on mitotic chromosomes and thereby coordinates faithful mitotic progression and completion of cytokinesis. BCR(KLHL12) is involved in ER-Golgi transport by regulating the size of COPII coats, thereby playing a key role in collagen export, which is required for embryonic stem (ES) cells division: BCR(KLHL12) acts by mediating monoubiquitination of SEC31 (SEC31A or SEC31B) (PubMed:22358839, PubMed:27716508). BCR(KLHL3) acts as a regulator of ion transport in the distal nephron; by mediating ubiquitination of WNK4 (PubMed:23387299, PubMed:23453970, PubMed:23576762). The BCR(KLHL20) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex is involved in interferon response and anterograde Golgi to endosome transport: it mediates both ubiquitination leading to degradation and 'Lys-33'-linked ubiquitination (PubMed:20389280, PubMed:21840486, PubMed:21670212, PubMed:24768539). The BCR(KLHL21) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex regulates localization of the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC) from chromosomes to the spindle midzone in anaphase and mediates the ubiquitination of AURKB (PubMed:19995937). The BCR(KLHL22) ubiquitin ligase complex mediates monoubiquitination of PLK1, leading to PLK1 dissociation from phosphoreceptor proteins and subsequent removal from kinetochores, allowing silencing of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) and chromosome segregation (PubMed:23455478). The BCR(KLHL22) ubiquitin ligase complex is also responsible for the amino acid-stimulated 'Lys-48' polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of DEPDC5. Through the degradation of DEPDC5, releases the GATOR1 complex-mediated inhibition of the TORC1 pathway (PubMed:29769719). The BCR(KLHL25) ubiquitin ligase complex is involved in translational homeostasis by mediating ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of hypophosphorylated EIF4EBP1 (4E-BP1) (PubMed:22578813). The BCR(KBTBD8) complex acts by mediating monoubiquitination of NOLC1 and TCOF1, leading to remodel the translational program of differentiating cells in favor of neural crest specification (PubMed:26399832). Involved in ubiquitination of cyclin E and of cyclin D1 (in vitro) thus involved in regulation of G1/S transition. Involved in the ubiquitination of KEAP1, ENC1 and KLHL41 (PubMed:15983046). In concert with ATF2 and RBX1, promotes degradation of KAT5 thereby attenuating its ability to acetylate and activate ATM. The BCR(KCTD17) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex mediates ubiquitination and degradation of TCHP, a down-regulator of cilium assembly, thereby inducing ciliogenesis (PubMed:25270598). The BCR(KLHL24) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex mediates ubiquitination of KRT14, controls KRT14 levels during keratinocytes differentiation, and is essential for skin integrity (PubMed:27798626). The BCR(KLHL18) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex mediates the ubiquitination of AURKA leading to its activation at the centrosome which is required for initiating mitotic entry (PubMed:23213400). The BCR(KEAP1) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex acts as a key sensor of oxidative and electrophilic stress by mediating ubiquitination and degradation of NFE2L2/NRF2, a transcription factor regulating expression of many cytoprotective genes (PubMed:15601839, PubMed:16006525). As part of the CUL3(KBTBD6/7) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex functions mediates 'Lys-48' ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of TIAM1 (PubMed:25684205). By controlling the ubiquitination of that RAC1 guanine exchange factors (GEF), regulates RAC1 signal transduction and downstream biological processes including the organization of the cytoskeleton, cell migration and cell proliferation (PubMed:25684205).PATHWAY Protein modification; protein ubiquitination.SUBUNIT Forms neddylation-dependent homodimers. Component of multiple BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase complexes formed of CUL3, RBX1 and a variable BTB domain-containing protein acting as both, adapter to cullin and substrate recognition subunit. The BCR complex may be active as a heterodimeric complex, in which NEDD8, covalently attached to one CUL3 molecule, binds to the C-terminus of a second CUL3 molecule. Interacts with RBX1, RNF7, CYCE and TIP120A/CAND1 (PubMed:10500095, PubMed:10230407, PubMed:12609982). Part of the BCR(SPOP) containing SPOP, and of BCR containing homodimeric SPOPL or the heterodimer formed by SPOP and SPOPL. Part of the probable BCR(KLHL9-KLHL13) complex with BTB domain proteins KLHL9 and KLHL13. Part of the BCR(KLHL41) complex containing KLHL41. Component of the BCR(KLHL12) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3 and KLHL12 and RBX1. Component of the BCR(KLHL3) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3 and KLHL3 and RBX1 (Probable). Part of the BCR(ENC1) complex containing ENC1. Part of a complex consisting of BMI1/PCGF4, CUL3 and SPOP. Part of a complex consisting of BRMS1, CUL3 and SPOP. Component of the BCR(KLHL21) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3, KLHL21 and RBX1. Component of the BCR(KLHL22) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3, KLHL22 and RBX1. Component of the BCR(KLHL25) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3, KLHL25 and RBX1. Part of a complex consisting of MACROH2A1, CUL3 and SPOP. Component of the BCR(KLHL42) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3 and KLHL42. Interacts with KLHL42 (via the BTB domain). Interacts with KATNA1; the interaction is enhanced by KLHL42. Component of the BCR(KBTBD8) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3, KBTBD8 and RBX1 (PubMed:26399832). Interacts with KCTD5, KLHL9, KLHL11, KLHL13, GAN, ZBTB16, KLHL3, KLHL15, KLHL20, KLHL36, GMCL2, BTBD1. Part of a complex that contains CUL3, RBX1 and GAN. Interacts (via BTB domain) with KLHL17; the interaction regulates surface GRIK2 expression. Interacts with KCTD7. Part of the BCR(GAN) complex containing GAN. Part of the BCR(KEAP1) complex containing KEAP1 (PubMed:15983046, PubMed:15601839). Interacts with KLHL10 (By similarity). Interacts with KAT5 and ATF2. Interacts with KCTD17 in the BCR(KCTD17) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3, KCTD17 and RBX1 (PubMed:25270598). Interacts (when neddylated) with ARIH1; leading to activate the E3 ligase activity of ARIH1 (PubMed:24076655, PubMed:27565346). Interacts with COPS9 isoform 2 (PubMed:23776465). Interacts with PPP2R5B; this interaction is indirect and mediated through KLHL15-binding and leads to PPP2R5B proteasomal degradation (PubMed:23135275). Interacts with RBBP8/CtIP; this interaction is indirect and mediated through KLHL15-binding and leads to RBBP8 proteasomal degradation (PubMed:27561354). Interacts with KLHL24 in the BCR(KLHL24) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, composed of CUL3, RBX1 and KLHL24 (PubMed:27798626). Interacts with RHOBTB2 (PubMed:29276004). Interacts with AURKA and KLHL18 (via BTB domain) (PubMed:23213400). Interacts (unneddylated form) with DCUN1D1, DCUN1D2, DCUN1D3, DCUN1D4 and DCUN1D5; these interactions promote the cullin neddylation (PubMed:24192928, PubMed:26906416, PubMed:23201271, PubMed:25349211). Component of a BCR3 (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, also named Cul3-RING ubiquitin ligase complex CUL3(KBTBD6/7), composed of CUL3, RBX1, KBTBD6 and KBTBD7 (PubMed:25684205).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Brain, spermatozoa, and testis (at protein level). Widely expressed.PTM Neddylated. Attachment of NEDD8 is required for the E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity of the BCR complex. Deneddylated via its interaction with the COP9 signalosome (CSN) complex.SIMILARITY Belongs to the cullin family. UniProt Q13618 1 EQUAL 768 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635033 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635033 Reactome R-HSA-5635033 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635033.1 2 Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635071 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635071 Reactome R-HSA-5635071 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635071.1 1 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome 2p-GLI2,3 Reactome DB_ID: 5635080 2p-GLI2 Zinc finger protein GLI2 GLI2_HUMAN Reactome DB_ID: 5635055 UniProt:P10070 GLI2 GLI2 THP FUNCTION Functions as transcription regulator in the hedgehog (Hh) pathway (PubMed:18455992, PubMed:26565916). Functions as transcriptional activator (PubMed:9557682, PubMed:19878745, PubMed:24311597). May also function as transcriptional repressor (By similarity). Requires STK36 for full transcriptional activator activity. Required for normal embryonic development (PubMed:15994174, PubMed:20685856).SUBUNIT Interaction with ZIC1 and ZIC2 (By similarity). Interacts with STK36 (PubMed:10806483). Interacts with SUFU; this inhibits transcriptional activation mediated by GLI2 (PubMed:24311597). Interacts (via C-terminal internal region) with FOXC1 (via N-terminus); this interaction is direct and increases GLI2 DNA-binding and transcriptional activity through a smoothened (SMO)-independent Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway (PubMed:26565916).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Expressed in breast cancers (at protein level) (PubMed:26565916). Isoform 1 and isoform 4 are expressed in HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines (at protein level) (PubMed:9557682). Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are strongly expressed in HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines (PubMed:9557682). Isoform 3 and isoform 4 are weakly expressed in HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines (PubMed:9557682).DOMAIN The N-terminal domain confers transcriptional repressor activity, while the C-terminal domain mediates transcriptional activation.PTM Phosphorylated in vitro by ULK3. Phosphorylated by DYRK2; this inhibits GLI2 transcription factor activity and promotes proteasomal degradation of GLI2.PTM Acetylation at Lys-757 inhibits Hh target gene expression, probably by impeding entry into chromatin thus preventing promoter occupancy.SIMILARITY Belongs to the GLI C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family. UniProt P10070 phosphorylated residue MOD MOD:00696 1 EQUAL 1586 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635055 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635055 Reactome R-HSA-5635055 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635055.1 Gli3 2p-GLI3 Reactome DB_ID: 5635052 UniProt:P10071 GLI3 GLI3 FUNCTION Has a dual function as a transcriptional activator and a repressor of the sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway, and plays a role in limb development. The full-length GLI3 form (GLI3FL) after phosphorylation and nuclear translocation, acts as an activator (GLI3A) while GLI3R, its C-terminally truncated form, acts as a repressor. A proper balance between the GLI3 activator and the repressor GLI3R, rather than the repressor gradient itself or the activator/repressor ratio gradient, specifies limb digit number and identity. In concert with TRPS1, plays a role in regulating the size of the zone of distal chondrocytes, in restricting the zone of PTHLH expression in distal cells and in activating chondrocyte proliferation. Binds to the minimal GLI-consensus sequence 5'-GGGTGGTC-3'.SUBUNIT The full-length GLI3 form (GLI3FL) interacts with SUFU and this interaction regulates the formation of either repressor or activator forms of GLI3. Its association with SUFU is regulated by Hh signaling and dissociation of the SUFU-GLI3 interaction requires the presence of the ciliary motor KIF3A (By similarity). Interacts with KIF7. The activator form of GLI3 (GLI3A) but not the repressor form (GLI3R) can interact with TRPS1. The phosphorylated form interacts with BTRC. Interacts with ZIC1. Interacts with ZIC3 (via C2H2-type domains 3, 4 and 5); the interaction enhances its transcriptional activity. Interacts with WRD11; the interaction associates EMX1 with GLI3 (PubMed:29263200).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Is expressed in a wide variety of normal adult tissues, including lung, colon, spleen, placenta, testis, and myometrium.PTM Phosphorylated on multiple sites by protein kinase A (PKA) and phosphorylation by PKA primes further phosphorylation by CK1 and GSK3. Phosphorylated by DYRK2 (in vitro). Phosphorylation is essential for its proteolytic processing.PTM Transcriptional repressor GLI3R, a C-terminally truncated form, is generated from the full-length GLI3 protein (GLI3FL/GLI3-190) through proteolytic processing. This process requires PKA-primed phosphorylation of GLI3, ubiquitination of GLI3 and the presence of BTRC. GLI3FL is complexed with SUFU in the cytoplasm and is maintained in a neutral state. Without the Hh signal, the SUFU-GLI3 complex is recruited to cilia, leading to the efficient processing of GLI3FL into GLI3R. GLI3R formation leads to its dissociation from SUFU, allowing it to translocate into the nucleus, and repress Hh target genes. When Hh signaling is initiated, SUFU dissociates from GLI3FL and this has two consequences. First, GLI3R production is halted. Second, free GLI3FL translocates to the nucleus, where it is phosphorylated, destabilized, and converted to a transcriptional activator (GLI3A). Phosphorylated in vitro by ULK3.SIMILARITY Belongs to the GLI C2H2-type zinc-finger protein family. UniProt P10071 1 EQUAL 1580 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635052 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635052 Reactome R-HSA-5635052 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635052.1 Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635080 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635080 Reactome R-HSA-5635080 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635080.1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635087 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635087 Reactome R-HSA-5635087 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635087.1 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome Ub Ubiquitin UBIQ_HUMAN Reactome DB_ID: 68524 RPS27A(1-76) ubiquitin (RPS27A) Reactome DB_ID: 939849 UniProt:P62979 RPS27A RPS27A UBA80 UBCEP1 SUBUNIT Ribosomal protein S27a is part of the 40S ribosomal subunit.MISCELLANEOUS Ubiquitin is encoded by 4 different genes. UBA52 and RPS27A genes code for a single copy of ubiquitin fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27a, respectively. UBB and UBC genes code for a polyubiquitin precursor with exact head to tail repeats, the number of repeats differ between species and strains.MISCELLANEOUS For a better understanding, features related to ubiquitin are only indicated for the first chain.SIMILARITY In the N-terminal section; belongs to the ubiquitin family.SIMILARITY In the C-terminal section; belongs to the eukaryotic ribosomal protein eS31 family. UniProt P62979 1 EQUAL 76 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939849 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939849 Reactome R-HSA-939849 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939849.1 UBA52(1-76) ubiquitin (UBA52) Reactome DB_ID: 939844 UniProt:P62987 UBA52 UBA52 UBCEP2 SUBUNIT Ribosomal protein L40 is part of the 60S ribosomal subunit. Interacts with UBQLN1 (via UBA domain).MISCELLANEOUS Ubiquitin is encoded by 4 different genes. UBA52 and RPS27A genes code for a single copy of ubiquitin fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27a, respectively. UBB and UBC genes code for a polyubiquitin precursor with exact head to tail repeats, the number of repeats differ between species and strains.MISCELLANEOUS For a better understanding, features related to ubiquitin are only indicated for the first chain.SIMILARITY In the N-terminal section; belongs to the ubiquitin family.SIMILARITY In the C-terminal section; belongs to the eukaryotic ribosomal protein eL40 family. UniProt P62987 1 EQUAL 76 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939844 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939844 Reactome R-HSA-939844 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939844.1 UBB UBB(1-76) ubiquitin (UBB 1) Reactome DB_ID: 939847 UniProt:P0CG47 UBB UBB SUBUNIT Interacts with SKP1-KMD2A and SKP1-KMD2B complexes.MISCELLANEOUS Ubiquitin is encoded by 4 different genes. UBA52 and RPS27A genes code for a single copy of ubiquitin fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27a, respectively. UBB and UBC genes code for a polyubiquitin precursor with exact head to tail repeats, the number of repeats differ between species and strains.MISCELLANEOUS The mRNA encoding variant UBB(+1) is produced by an unknown mechanism involving the deletion of a GT dinucleotide in the close proximity of a GAGAG motif (PubMed:9422699). This variant mRNA is found in normal brain, but the encoded protein accumulates only in brain neurofibrillary tangles and neuritic plaques in Alzheimer disease and other tauopathies, as well as polyglutaminopathies (PubMed:14597671). UBB(+1) variant cannot be used for polyubiquitination, is not effectively degraded by the proteasome when ubiquitinated and ubiquitinated UBB(+1) is refractory to disassembly by deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs). In healthy brain, UBB(+1) C-terminus can be cleaved by UCHL3 (PubMed:21762696).MISCELLANEOUS For a better understanding, features related to ubiquitin are only indicated for the first chain.SIMILARITY Belongs to the ubiquitin family. UniProt P0CG47 1 EQUAL 76 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939847 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939847 Reactome R-HSA-939847 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939847.1 UBB(77-152) ubiquitin (UBB 2) Reactome DB_ID: 939870 77 EQUAL 152 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939870 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939870 Reactome R-HSA-939870 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939870.1 UBB(153-228) ubiquitin (UBB 3) Reactome DB_ID: 939854 153 EQUAL 228 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939854 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939854 Reactome R-HSA-939854 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939854.1 UBC UBC(1-76) ubiquitin (UBC 1) Reactome DB_ID: 939871 UniProt:P0CG48 UBC UBC MISCELLANEOUS Ubiquitin is encoded by 4 different genes. UBA52 and RPS27A genes code for a single copy of ubiquitin fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27a, respectively. UBB and UBC genes code for a polyubiquitin precursor with exact head to tail repeats, the number of repeats differ between species and strains.MISCELLANEOUS For the sake of clarity sequence features are annotated only for the first chain, and are not repeated for each of the following chains.SIMILARITY Belongs to the ubiquitin family. UniProt P0CG48 1 EQUAL 76 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939871 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939871 Reactome R-HSA-939871 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939871.1 UBC(77-152) ubiquitin (UBC 2) Reactome DB_ID: 939869 77 EQUAL 152 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939869 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939869 Reactome R-HSA-939869 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939869.1 UBC(153-228) ubiquitin (UBC 3) Reactome DB_ID: 939853 153 EQUAL 228 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939853 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939853 Reactome R-HSA-939853 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939853.1 UBC(229-304) ubiquitin (UBC 4) Reactome DB_ID: 939857 229 EQUAL 304 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939857 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939857 Reactome R-HSA-939857 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939857.1 UBC(305-380) ubiquitin (UBC 5) Reactome DB_ID: 939863 305 EQUAL 380 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939863 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939863 Reactome R-HSA-939863 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939863.1 UBC(381-456) ubiquitin (UBC 6) Reactome DB_ID: 939856 381 EQUAL 456 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939856 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939856 Reactome R-HSA-939856 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939856.1 UBC(457-532) ubiquitin (UBC 7) Reactome DB_ID: 939862 457 EQUAL 532 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939862 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939862 Reactome R-HSA-939862 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939862.1 UBC(533-608) ubiquitin (UBC 8) Reactome DB_ID: 939866 533 EQUAL 608 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939866 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939866 Reactome R-HSA-939866 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939866.1 UBC(609-684) ubiquitin (UBC 9) Reactome DB_ID: 939868 609 EQUAL 684 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 939868 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939868 Reactome R-HSA-939868 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939868.1 Reactome Database ID Release 78 68524 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=68524 Reactome R-HSA-68524 3 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-68524.3 ub-2p-GLI2,3:SPOP:CUL3:RBX1 Reactome DB_ID: 5635095 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome ub-2p-GLI2,3 Reactome DB_ID: 5635092 ub-2p-GLI2 Zinc finger protein GLI2 GLI2_HUMAN Reactome DB_ID: 5635059 ubiquitinylated lysine MOD MOD:01148 1 EQUAL 1586 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635059 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635059 Reactome R-HSA-5635059 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635059.1 Gli3 ub-2p-GLI3 Reactome DB_ID: 5635060 1 EQUAL 1580 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635060 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635060 Reactome R-HSA-5635060 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635060.1 Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635092 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635092 Reactome R-HSA-5635092 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635092.1 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635095 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635095 Reactome R-HSA-5635095 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635095.1 ACTIVATION activeUnit: #Protein3 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0061630 gene ontology term for cellular function MI MI:0355 Same Catalyst Activity Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635828 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635828 Reactome Database ID Release 78 5635856 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=5635856 Reactome R-HSA-5635856 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-5635856.1 9874371 Pubmed 1998 Hedgehog stimulates maturation of Cubitus interruptus into a labile transcriptional activator Ohlmeyer, Johanna Talavera Kalderon, Daniel Nature 396:749-53 20360384 Pubmed 2010 The output of Hedgehog signaling is controlled by the dynamic association between Suppressor of Fused and the Gli proteins Humke, Eric W Dorn, Karolin V Milenkovic, Ljiljana Scott, Matthew P Rohatgi, Rajat Genes Dev. 24:670-82 20956384 Pubmed 2010 A mechanism for vertebrate Hedgehog signaling: recruitment to cilia and dissociation of SuFu-Gli protein complexes Tukachinsky, Hanna Lopez, Lyle V Salic, Adrian J. Cell Biol. 191:415-28 20154143 Pubmed 2010 Kinetics of hedgehog-dependent full-length Gli3 accumulation in primary cilia and subsequent degradation Wen, Xiaohui Lai, Cary K Evangelista, Marie Hongo, Jo-Anne de Sauvage, Frederic J Scales, Suzie J Mol. Cell. Biol. 30:1910-22 16651542 Pubmed 2006 Roadkill attenuates Hedgehog responses through degradation of Cubitus interruptus Kent, D Bush, EW Hooper, JE Development 133:2001-10 19684112 Pubmed 2009 Cilium-independent regulation of Gli protein function by Sufu in Hedgehog signaling is evolutionarily conserved Chen, Miao-Hsueh Wilson, Christopher W Li, Ya-Jun Law, Kelvin King Lo Lu, Chi-Sheng Gacayan, Rhodora Zhang, Xiaoyun Hui, Chi-Chung Chuang, Pao-Tien Genes Dev. 23:1910-28 19955409 Pubmed 2009 Multiple Ser/Thr-rich degrons mediate the degradation of Ci/Gli by the Cul3-HIB/SPOP E3 ubiquitin ligase Zhang, Qing Shi, Qing Chen, Yongbin Yue, Tao Li, Shuang Wang, Bing Jiang, Jin Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106:21191-6 16740475 Pubmed 2006 A hedgehog-induced BTB protein modulates hedgehog signaling by degrading Ci/Gli transcription factor Zhang, Q Zhang, Lei Wang, B Ou, CY Chien, CT Jiang, J Dev Cell 10:719-29