BioPAX pathway converted from "NOTCH3 Activation and Transmission of Signal to the Nucleus" in the Reactome database. NOTCH3 Activation and Transmission of Signal to the Nucleus NOTCH3 receptor can be activated by DLL/JAG ligands DLL1, JAG1, and JAG2 (Shimizu et al. 2000), as well as DLL4 (Claxton and Fruttiger 2004, Indraccolo et al. 2009). Ligand binding induces a conformational change in NOTCH3, which exposes the S2 site in the extracellular region of NOTCH3. The S2 site is cleaved by ADAM10 metalloprotease, generating the membrane anchored NOTCH3 fragment NEXT3. The NEXT3 fragment of NOTCH3 is further cleaved at the S3 site by the gamma secretase complex, releasing the intracellular domain NICD3 into the cytosol (Groot et al. 2014). Besides DLL/JAG ligands, NOTCH3 signaling can also be activated by binding of NOTCH3 to YBX1 (YB 1) (Rauen et al. 2009). NICD3 traffics to the nucleus where it acts as a transcription factor. WWP2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, negatively regulates NOTCH3 signaling by ubiquitinating NEXT3 and NICD3 in the cytosol and targeting them for lysosome-mediated degradation (Jung et al. 2014). NOTCH3 signaling is also negatively regulated by binding to TACC3 (Bargo et al. 2010) and by EGFR-mediated phosphorylation (Arasada et al. 2014). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NOTCH3 binds DLL1 Based on a study with mouse proteins, NOTCH3 receptor binds to DLL1 ligand (Shimizu et al. 2000). The interaction of DLL1 and NOTCH3 is implicated in functional differentiation of activated CD4+ T lymphocytes into type 1 helper T cells (Th1) (Maekawa et al. 2003). The effect of Fringe-mediated modification of NOTCH3 on its interaction with DLL1 is poorly studied (Hou et al. 2012). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 DLL1 Delta 1 ligand Reactome DB_ID: 157089 plasma membrane GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0005886 UniProt:O00548 DLL1 DLL1 UNQ146/PRO172 FUNCTION Transmembrane ligand protein of NOTCH1, NOTCH2 and NOTCH3 receptors that binds the extracellular domain (ECD) of Notch receptor in a cis and trans fashion manner (PubMed:11006133). Following transinteraction, ligand cells produce mechanical force that depends of a clathrin-mediated endocytosis, requiring ligand ubiquitination, EPN1 interaction, and actin polymerisation; these events promote Notch receptor extracellular domain (NECD) transendocytosis and triggers Notch signaling through induction of cleavage, hyperphosphorylation, and nuclear accumulation of the intracellular domain of Notch receptors (NICD) (By similarity). Is required for embryonic development and maintenance of adult stem cells in many different tissues and immune systeme; the DLL1-induced Notch signaling is mediated through an intercellular communication that regulates cell lineage, cell specification, cell patterning and morphogenesis through effects on differentiation and proliferation (PubMed:11581320). Plays a role in brain development at different level, namely by regulating neuronal differentiation of neural precursor cells via cell-cell interaction, most likely through the lateral inhibitory system in an endogenous level dependent-manner. During neocortex development, Dll1-Notch signaling transmission is mediated by dynamic interactions between intermediate neurogenic progenitors and radial glia; the cell-cell interactions are mediated via dynamic and transient elongation processes, likely to reactivate/maintain Notch activity in neighboring progenitors, and coordinate progenitor cell division and differentiation across radial and zonal boundaries. During cerebellar development, regulates Bergmann glial monolayer formation and its morphological maturation through a Notch signaling pathway. At the retina and spinal cord level, regulates neurogenesis by preventing the premature differentiation of neural progenitors and also by maintaining progenitors in spinal cord through Notch signaling pathway. Also controls neurogenesis of the neural tube in a progenitor domain-specific fashion along the dorsoventral axis. Maintains quiescence of neural stem cells and plays a role as a fate determinant that segregates asymmetrically to one daughter cell during neural stem cells mitosis, resulting in neuronal differentiation in Dll1-inheriting cell. Plays a role in immune systeme development, namely the development of all T-cells and marginal zone (MZ) B-cells (By similarity). Blocks the differentiation of progenitor cells into the B-cell lineage while promoting the emergence of a population of cells with the characteristics of a T-cell/NK-cell precursor (PubMed:11581320). Also plays a role during muscle development. During early development, inhibits myoblasts differentiation from the medial dermomyotomal lip and later regulates progenitor cell differentiation. Directly modulates cell adhesion and basal lamina formation in satellite cells through Notch signaling. Maintains myogenic progenitors pool by suppressing differentiation through down-regulation of MYOD1 and is required for satellite cell homing and PAX7 expression. During craniofacial and trunk myogenesis suppresses differentiation of cranial mesoderm-derived and somite-derived muscle via MYOD1 regulation but in cranial mesoderm-derived progenitors, is neither required for satellite cell homing nor for PAX7 expression. Also plays a role during pancreatic cell development. During type B pancreatic cell development, may be involved in the initiation of proximodistal patterning in the early pancreatic epithelium. Stimulates multipotent pancreatic progenitor cells proliferation and pancreatic growth by maintaining HES1 expression and PTF1A protein levels. During fetal stages of development, is required to maintain arterial identity and the responsiveness of arterial endothelial cells for VEGFA through regulation of KDR activation and NRP1 expression. Controls sprouting angiogenesis and subsequent vertical branch formation througth regulation on tip cell differentiation. Negatively regulates goblet cell differentiation in intestine and controls secretory fat commitment through lateral inhibition in small intestine. Plays a role during inner ear development; negatively regulates auditory hair cell differentiation. Plays a role during nephron development through Notch signaling pathway. Regulates growth, blood pressure and energy homeostasis (By similarity).SUBUNIT Homodimer. Interacts with TJP1. Interacts with MAGI1 (via PDZ domain); forms a complex with CTNNB1 and CDH2 and promotes recruitment to the adherens junction and stabilization on the cell surface. Interacts with PSEN1; undergoes a presenilin-dependent gamma-secretase cleavage that releases a Dll1-intracellular form. Interacts with MFAP5. Interacts with MIB1. Interacts with NEURL1B; leads to ubiquitination. Interacts with NEURL1 (By similarity). Interacts with SYNJ2BP; enhances DLL1 protein stability, and promotes Notch signaling in endothelial cells (PubMed:24025447). Interacts with MAGI1, MAGI2, MAGI3 and MPDZ (PubMed:15509766). Interacts (via ubiquitin) with EPN1 (via IUM domain); binding with NOTCH1 attached to neighboring cell, promotes ligand ubiquitination and EPN1 interaction, leading to NECD transendocytosis and Notch signaling. Interacts with NOTCH1 (By similarity) (PubMed:15509766, PubMed:24025447). Interacts with NOTCH2NLB; leading to promote Notch signaling pathway in a cell-autonomous manner through inhibition of cis DLL1-NOTCH2 interactions (PubMed:29856955).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Expressed in heart and pancreas, with lower expression in brain and muscle and almost no expression in placenta, lung, liver and kidney.PTM Ubiquitinated by MIB (MIB1 or MIB2), leading to its endocytosis and subsequent degradation (By similarity). Ubiquitinated; promotes recycling back to the plasma membrane and confers a strong affinity for NOTCH1. Multi-ubiquitination of LYS-613 by MIB1 promotes both cis and trans-interaction with NOTCH1, as well as activation of Notch signaling. Ubiquitinated by NEURL1B (By similarity).PTM Phosphorylated in a membrane association-dependent manner. Phosphorylation at Ser-697 requires the presence of Ser-694, whereas phosphorylation at Ser-694 occurs independently of the other site. Phosphorylation is required for full ligand activity in vitro and affects surface presentation, ectodomain shedding, and endocytosis.PTM O-fucosylated. Can be elongated to a disaccharide by MFNG. Homo sapiens NCBI Taxonomy 9606 UniProt O00548 18 EQUAL 723 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157089 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157089 Reactome R-HSA-157089 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157089.1 Reactome http://www.reactome.org NOTCH3 NTM-NEC 3 heterodimer Reactome DB_ID: 157048 NOTCH3(1572-2321) Notch3 Transmembrane fragment (NTMIC3) Reactome DB_ID: 157231 UniProt:Q9UM47 NOTCH3 NOTCH3 FUNCTION Functions as a receptor for membrane-bound ligands Jagged1, Jagged2 and Delta1 to regulate cell-fate determination (PubMed:15350543). Upon ligand activation through the released notch intracellular domain (NICD) it forms a transcriptional activator complex with RBPJ/RBPSUH and activates genes of the enhancer of split locus. Affects the implementation of differentiation, proliferation and apoptotic programs (By similarity).SUBUNIT Heterodimer of a C-terminal fragment N(TM) and a N-terminal fragment N(EC) which are probably linked by disulfide bonds (By similarity). Interacts with MAML1, MAML2 and MAML3 which act as transcriptional coactivators for NOTCH3. Interacts with PSMA1. Interacts with HIF1AN.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Ubiquitously expressed in fetal and adult tissues.DOMAIN The EGF-like domains 10 and 11 are required for binding the ligands JAG1 and DLL1.PTM Synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum as an inactive form which is proteolytically cleaved by a furin-like convertase in the trans-Golgi network before it reaches the plasma membrane to yield an active, ligand-accessible form. Cleavage results in a C-terminal fragment N(TM) and a N-terminal fragment N(EC). Following ligand binding, it is cleaved by TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) to yield a membrane-associated intermediate fragment called notch extracellular truncation (NEXT). This fragment is then cleaved by presenilin dependent gamma-secretase to release a notch-derived peptide containing the intracellular domain (NICD) from the membrane.PTM Phosphorylated.PTM Hydroxylated by HIF1AN.SIMILARITY Belongs to the NOTCH family. UniProt Q9UM47 1572 EQUAL 2321 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157231 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157231 Reactome R-HSA-157231 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157231.1 1 NOTCH3 Extracellular fragment (NECD3) 14xGlcS-10xFucT-4xFucS-NOTCH3(40-1571) Reactome DB_ID: 1983675 extracellular region GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0005576 173 EQUAL O-fucosyl-L-threonine MOD MOD:00813 211 EQUAL 250 EQUAL 290 EQUAL 328 EQUAL 445 EQUAL 671 EQUAL O-fucosyl-L-serine MOD MOD:00812 748 EQUAL 863 EQUAL 938 EQUAL 1098 EQUAL 1136 EQUAL 1181 EQUAL 1349 EQUAL 84 EQUAL O-glucosyl-L-serine MOD MOD:00804 125 EQUAL 357 EQUAL 437 EQUAL 475 EQUAL 513 EQUAL 588 EQUAL 626 EQUAL 663 EQUAL 740 EQUAL 893 EQUAL 968 EQUAL 1128 EQUAL 1252 EQUAL 40 EQUAL 1571 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 1983675 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=1983675 Reactome R-HSA-1983675 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-1983675.1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157048 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157048 Reactome R-HSA-157048 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157048.1 DLL1:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 157136 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157136 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157136 Reactome R-HSA-157136 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157136.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157145 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157145 Reactome R-HSA-157145 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157145.1 14563319 Pubmed 2003 Delta1-Notch3 interactions bias the functional differentiation of activated CD4+ T cells Maekawa, Yoichi Tsukumo, Shin-ichi Chiba, Shigeru Hirai, Hisamaru Hayashi, Yuki Okada, Hiroko Kishihara, Kenji Yasutomo, Koji Immunity 19:549-59 22081605 Pubmed 2012 Galactose differentially modulates lunatic and manic fringe effects on Delta1-induced NOTCH signaling Hou, Xinghua Tashima, Y Stanley, P J. Biol. Chem. 287:474-83 11006133 Pubmed 2000 Physical interaction of Delta1, Jagged1, and Jagged2 with Notch1 and Notch3 receptors Shimizu, K Chiba, S Saito, T Kumano, K Hirai, H Biochem Biophys Res Commun 276:385-9 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0007219 gene ontology term for cellular process MI MI:0359 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NOTCH3 binds JAG1 Based on a study with mouse proteins, NOTCH3 receptor binds to JAG1 (Jagged1) ligand (Shimizu et al. 1999). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 JAG1 Jagged 1 ligand Reactome DB_ID: 157098 UniProt:P78504 JAG1 JAG1 JAGL1 FUNCTION Ligand for multiple Notch receptors and involved in the mediation of Notch signaling (PubMed:18660822, PubMed:20437614). May be involved in cell-fate decisions during hematopoiesis (PubMed:9462510). Seems to be involved in early and late stages of mammalian cardiovascular development. Inhibits myoblast differentiation (By similarity). Enhances fibroblast growth factor-induced angiogenesis (in vitro).SUBUNIT Interacts with NOTCH2 and NOTCH3 (By similarity). Interacts with NOTCH1 (in the presence of calcium ions) (PubMed:18660822).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Widely expressed in adult and fetal tissues. In cervix epithelium expressed in undifferentiated subcolumnar reserve cells and squamous metaplasia. Expression is up-regulated in cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Expressed in bone marrow cell line HS-27a which supports the long-term maintenance of immature progenitor cells.DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE Expressed in 32-52 days embryos in the distal cardiac outflow tract and pulmonary artery, major arteries, portal vein, optic vesicle, otocyst, branchial arches, metanephros, pancreas, mesocardium, around the major bronchial branches, and in the neural tube.DOMAIN The second EGF-like domain is atypical. UniProt P78504 34 EQUAL 1218 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157098 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157098 Reactome R-HSA-157098 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157098.1 JAG1:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 157132 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157132 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157132 Reactome R-HSA-157132 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157132.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157100 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157100 Reactome R-HSA-157100 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157100.1 10079256 Pubmed 1999 Human ligands of the Notch receptor Gray, GE Mann, RS Mitsiadis, E Henrique, D Carcangiu, ML Banks, A Leiman, J Ward, D Ish-Horowitz, D Artavanis-Tsakonas, S Am J Pathol 154:785-94 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NOTCH3 binds JAG2 Based on a study with mouse NOTCH3 and presumably mouse JAG2 (Jagged2), JAG2 ligand binds to NOTCH3 receptor (Shimizu et al. 2000). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 JAG2 Jagged 2 ligand Reactome DB_ID: 157120 UniProt:Q9Y219 JAG2 JAG2 FUNCTION Putative Notch ligand involved in the mediation of Notch signaling. Involved in limb development (By similarity).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Expressed in heart, placenta and skeletal muscle and to a lesser extent in pancreas. Very low expression in brain, lung, liver and kidney. UniProt Q9Y219 24 EQUAL 1238 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157120 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157120 Reactome R-HSA-157120 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157120.1 JAG2:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 157066 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157066 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157066 Reactome R-HSA-157066 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157066.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157124 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157124 Reactome R-HSA-157124 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157124.1 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NOTCH3 binds DLL4 Binding of NOTCH3 receptor to DLL4 ligand has not been directly demonstrated. DLL4 and NOTCH3 are expressed on neighboring cells in retina (Claxton and Fruttiger 2004) and in endothelium/blood (Indraccolo et al. 2009), and DLL4 significantly and specifically increases NOTCH3 signaling (Indraccolo et al. 2009). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 DLL4 Delta 4 ligand Reactome DB_ID: 158437 UniProt:Q9NR61 DLL4 DLL4 UNQ1895/PRO4341 FUNCTION Involved in the Notch signaling pathway as Notch ligand (PubMed:11134954). Activates NOTCH1 and NOTCH4. Involved in angiogenesis; negatively regulates endothelial cell proliferation and migration and angiogenic sprouting (PubMed:20616313). Essential for retinal progenitor proliferation. Required for suppressing rod fates in late retinal progenitors as well as for proper generation of other retinal cell types (By similarity). During spinal cord neurogenesis, inhibits V2a interneuron fate (PubMed:17728344).SUBUNIT Interacts with NOTCH4. Interacts (via N-terminal DSL and MNNL domains) with NOTCH1 (via EGF-like domains).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Expressed in vascular endothelium.DOMAIN The Delta-Serrate-Lag2 (DSL) domain is required for binding to the Notch receptor. UniProt Q9NR61 27 EQUAL 685 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 158437 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=158437 Reactome R-HSA-158437 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-158437.1 DLL4:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 2168132 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 2168132 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=2168132 Reactome R-HSA-2168132 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-2168132.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 2168136 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=2168136 Reactome R-HSA-2168136 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-2168136.1 15533827 Pubmed 2004 Periodic Delta-like 4 expression in developing retinal arteries Claxton, S Fruttiger, M Gene Expr Patterns 5:123-7 19208840 Pubmed 2009 Cross-talk between tumor and endothelial cells involving the Notch3-Dll4 interaction marks escape from tumor dormancy Indraccolo, S Minuzzo, S Masiero, M Pusceddu, I Persano, L Moserle, L Reboldi, A Favaro, E Mecarozzi, M Di Mario, G Screpanti, I Ponzoni, M Doglioni, C Amadori, A Cancer Res 69:1314-23 LEFT-TO-RIGHT 6.3.2.19 Ubiquitination of DLL/JAG ligands upon binding to NOTCH3 Based on an analogy with NOTCH1 and NOTCH2, and on studies of Drosophila Notch, NOTCH ligands DLL1, DLL4, JAG1 and JAG2 are assumed to undergo ubiquitination and endocytosis after binding to NOTCH3 in trans. Ubiquitination of DLL/JAG ligands in mammals is performed by orthologues of Drosophila Mindbomb, MIB1, possibly MIB2, and possibly orthologues of Drosophila Neuralized, NEURL and NEURL1B. Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome Ub ubiquitin Reactome DB_ID: 113595 RPS27A RPS27A(1-76) ubiquitin (RPS27A) Reactome DB_ID: 939205 cytosol GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0005829 UniProt:P62979 RPS27A RPS27A UBA80 UBCEP1 SUBUNIT Ribosomal protein S27a is part of the 40S ribosomal subunit.MISCELLANEOUS Ubiquitin is encoded by 4 different genes. UBA52 and RPS27A genes code for a single copy of ubiquitin fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27a, respectively. UBB and UBC genes code for a polyubiquitin precursor with exact head to tail repeats, the number of repeats differ between species and strains.MISCELLANEOUS For a better understanding, features related to ubiquitin are only indicated for the first chain.SIMILARITY In the N-terminal section; belongs to the ubiquitin family.SIMILARITY In the C-terminal section; belongs to the eukaryotic ribosomal protein eS31 family. UniProt P62979 1 EQUAL 76 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939205 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939205 Reactome R-HSA-939205 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939205.1 UBA52 UBA52(1-76) ubiquitin (UBA52) Reactome DB_ID: 939203 UniProt:P62987 UBA52 UBA52 UBCEP2 SUBUNIT Ribosomal protein L40 is part of the 60S ribosomal subunit (PubMed:23169626, PubMed:23636399, PubMed:32669547). Interacts with UBQLN1 (via UBA domain) (PubMed:15147878).MISCELLANEOUS Ubiquitin is encoded by 4 different genes. UBA52 and RPS27A genes code for a single copy of ubiquitin fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27a, respectively. UBB and UBC genes code for a polyubiquitin precursor with exact head to tail repeats, the number of repeats differ between species and strains.MISCELLANEOUS For a better understanding, features related to ubiquitin are only indicated for the first chain.SIMILARITY In the N-terminal section; belongs to the ubiquitin family.SIMILARITY In the C-terminal section; belongs to the eukaryotic ribosomal protein eL40 family. UniProt P62987 1 EQUAL 76 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939203 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939203 Reactome R-HSA-939203 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939203.1 UBB UBB(1-76) ubiquitin (UBB 1) Reactome DB_ID: 939214 UniProt:P0CG47 UBB UBB SUBUNIT Interacts with SKP1-KMD2A and SKP1-KMD2B complexes.MISCELLANEOUS Ubiquitin is encoded by 4 different genes. UBA52 and RPS27A genes code for a single copy of ubiquitin fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27a, respectively. UBB and UBC genes code for a polyubiquitin precursor with exact head to tail repeats, the number of repeats differ between species and strains.MISCELLANEOUS The mRNA encoding variant UBB(+1) is produced by an unknown mechanism involving the deletion of a GT dinucleotide in the close proximity of a GAGAG motif (PubMed:9422699). This variant mRNA is found in normal brain, but the encoded protein accumulates only in brain neurofibrillary tangles and neuritic plaques in Alzheimer disease and other tauopathies, as well as polyglutaminopathies (PubMed:14597671). UBB(+1) variant cannot be used for polyubiquitination, is not effectively degraded by the proteasome when ubiquitinated and ubiquitinated UBB(+1) is refractory to disassembly by deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs). In healthy brain, UBB(+1) C-terminus can be cleaved by UCHL3 (PubMed:21762696).MISCELLANEOUS For a better understanding, features related to ubiquitin are only indicated for the first chain.SIMILARITY Belongs to the ubiquitin family. UniProt P0CG47 1 EQUAL 76 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939214 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939214 Reactome R-HSA-939214 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939214.1 UBB(77-152) ubiquitin (UBB 2) Reactome DB_ID: 939213 77 EQUAL 152 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939213 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939213 Reactome R-HSA-939213 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939213.1 UBB(153-228) ubiquitin (UBB 3) Reactome DB_ID: 939230 153 EQUAL 228 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939230 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939230 Reactome R-HSA-939230 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939230.1 UBC UBC(1-76) ubiquitin (UBC 1) Reactome DB_ID: 939188 UniProt:P0CG48 UBC UBC MISCELLANEOUS Ubiquitin is encoded by 4 different genes. UBA52 and RPS27A genes code for a single copy of ubiquitin fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27a, respectively. UBB and UBC genes code for a polyubiquitin precursor with exact head to tail repeats, the number of repeats differ between species and strains.MISCELLANEOUS For the sake of clarity sequence features are annotated only for the first chain, and are not repeated for each of the following chains.SIMILARITY Belongs to the ubiquitin family. UniProt P0CG48 1 EQUAL 76 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939188 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939188 Reactome R-HSA-939188 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939188.1 UBC(77-152) ubiquitin (UBC 2) Reactome DB_ID: 939164 77 EQUAL 152 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939164 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939164 Reactome R-HSA-939164 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939164.1 UBC(153-228) ubiquitin (UBC 3) Reactome DB_ID: 939258 153 EQUAL 228 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939258 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939258 Reactome R-HSA-939258 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939258.1 UBC(229-304) ubiquitin (UBC 4) Reactome DB_ID: 939192 229 EQUAL 304 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939192 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939192 Reactome R-HSA-939192 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939192.1 UBC(305-380) ubiquitin (UBC 5) Reactome DB_ID: 939232 305 EQUAL 380 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939232 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939232 Reactome R-HSA-939232 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939232.1 UBC(381-456) ubiquitin (UBC 6) Reactome DB_ID: 939191 381 EQUAL 456 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939191 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939191 Reactome R-HSA-939191 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939191.1 UBC(457-532) ubiquitin (UBC 7) Reactome DB_ID: 939184 457 EQUAL 532 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939184 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939184 Reactome R-HSA-939184 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939184.1 UBC(533-608) ubiquitin (UBC 8) Reactome DB_ID: 939239 533 EQUAL 608 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939239 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939239 Reactome R-HSA-939239 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939239.1 UBC(609-684) ubiquitin (UBC 9) Reactome DB_ID: 939165 609 EQUAL 684 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 939165 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=939165 Reactome R-HSA-939165 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-939165.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 113595 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=113595 Reactome R-HSA-113595 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-113595.1 3 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome DLL/JAG:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 9013071 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013071 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013071 Reactome R-HSA-9013071 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013071.1 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome Ub-DLL/JAG:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 9013089 Ub-DLL1:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 9013093 Ub-DLL1 Reactome DB_ID: 9013081 ubiquitinylated lysine MOD MOD:01148 18 EQUAL 723 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013081 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013081 Reactome R-HSA-9013081 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013081.1 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013093 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013093 Reactome R-HSA-9013093 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013093.1 Ub-DLL4:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 9013092 Ub-DLL4 Reactome DB_ID: 9013077 27 EQUAL 685 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013077 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013077 Reactome R-HSA-9013077 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013077.1 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013092 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013092 Reactome R-HSA-9013092 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013092.1 Ub-JAG1:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 9013094 Ub-JAG1 Reactome DB_ID: 9013079 34 EQUAL 1218 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013079 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013079 Reactome R-HSA-9013079 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013079.1 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013094 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013094 Reactome R-HSA-9013094 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013094.1 Ub-JAG2:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 9013090 Ub-JAG2 Reactome DB_ID: 9013080 24 EQUAL 1238 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013080 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013080 Reactome R-HSA-9013080 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013080.1 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013090 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013090 Reactome R-HSA-9013090 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013090.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013089 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013089 Reactome R-HSA-9013089 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013089.1 ACTIVATION Converted from EntitySet in Reactome MIB/NEURL Mindbomb/Neuralized Reactome DB_ID: 1911464 MIB1 E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase MIB1 Mind bomb homolog 1 Reactome DB_ID: 1472877 UniProt:Q86YT6 MIB1 MIB1 DIP1 KIAA1323 ZZANK2 FUNCTION E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that mediates ubiquitination of Delta receptors, which act as ligands of Notch proteins. Positively regulates the Delta-mediated Notch signaling by ubiquitinating the intracellular domain of Delta, leading to endocytosis of Delta receptors. Probably mediates ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of DAPK1, thereby antagonizing anti-apoptotic effects of DAPK1 to promote TNF-induced apoptosis (By similarity). Involved in ubiquitination of centriolar satellite CEP131, CEP290 and PCM1 proteins and hence inhibits primary cilium formation in proliferating cells. Mediates 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitination of TBK1, which probably participates in kinase activation.PATHWAY Protein modification; protein ubiquitination.SUBUNIT Interacts with CEP131 and PCM1.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Widely expressed at low level. Expressed at higher level in spinal cord, ovary, whole brain, and all specific brain regions examined.PTM Ubiquitinated; possibly via autoubiquitination (By similarity). Ubiquitinated; this modification is inhibited in response to cellular stress, such as ultraviolet light (UV) radiation or heat shock.MISCELLANEOUS In epilepsy brain tissue, levels of expression are increased in the cytoplasm and microsomal fractions (endoplasmic reticulum). UniProt Q86YT6 1 EQUAL 1006 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 1472877 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=1472877 Reactome R-HSA-1472877 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-1472877.1 MIB2 E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase MIB2 Mind bomb homolog 2 Reactome DB_ID: 1472879 UniProt:Q96AX9 MIB2 MIB2 SKD ZZANK1 FUNCTION E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that mediates ubiquitination of Delta receptors, which act as ligands of Notch proteins. Positively regulates the Delta-mediated Notch signaling by ubiquitinating the intracellular domain of Delta, leading to endocytosis of Delta receptors.PATHWAY Protein modification; protein ubiquitination.SUBUNIT Interacts with actin monomer.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Expressed in skeletal muscle, and to a lesser extent in heart, brain and kidney.INDUCTION Down-regulated in many primary skin melanomas. Treatment with a demethylating agent, 5'-aza-2-deoxycytidine, restores expression, suggesting that down-regulation is the result of methylation of the gene.PTM Ubiquitinated. Possibly via autoubiquitination (By similarity). UniProt Q96AX9 1 EQUAL 1013 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 1472879 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=1472879 Reactome R-HSA-1472879 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-1472879.1 NEURL Neuralized-like protein 1A NEURL1A NEURL1 RNF67 Reactome DB_ID: 1911454 UniProt:O76050 NEURL1 NEURL1 NEURL NEURL1A RNF67 FUNCTION Plays a role in hippocampal-dependent synaptic plasticity, learning and memory. Involved in the formation of spines and functional synaptic contacts by modulating the translational activity of the cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein CPEB3. Promotes ubiquitination of CPEB3, and hence induces CPEB3-dependent mRNA translation activation of glutamate receptor GRIA1 and GRIA2. Can function as an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase to activate monoubiquitination of JAG1 (in vitro), thereby regulating the Notch pathway. Acts as a tumor suppressor; inhibits malignant cell transformation of medulloblastoma (MB) cells by inhibiting the Notch signaling pathway.PATHWAY Protein modification; protein ubiquitination.SUBUNIT Interacts with CPEB3 (via N-terminal domain); the interaction increases CPEB3 ubiquitination. Interacts with DLL1.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Expressed in brain, testis, pituitary gland, pancreas and bone marrow. Also poorly expressed in malignant astrocytomas and several neuroectodermal tumor cell lines. Weakly expressed in medulloblastoma (MB) compared with normal cerebellar tissues.INDUCTION Down-regulated in medulloblastoma (MB).PTM Myristoylation is a determinant of membrane targeting. UniProt O76050 2 EQUAL 574 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 1911454 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=1911454 Reactome R-HSA-1911454 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-1911454.1 NEURL1B E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase NEURL1B Neuralized-like protein 1B Neuralized-like protein 3 Reactome DB_ID: 1911456 UniProt:A8MQ27 NEURL1B NEURL1B NEURL3 FUNCTION E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase involved in regulation of the Notch pathway through influencing the stability and activity of several Notch ligands.PATHWAY Protein modification; protein ubiquitination.SUBUNIT Interacts with JAG1, DLL1 and DLL4.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Highest expression in brain, prostate and small intestine. In the brain the levels are higher in fetal than in adult stage. In the adult brain the highest levels are detected in the olfactory system, cerebellar cortex, optic nerve and the frontal lobe. UniProt A8MQ27 1 EQUAL 555 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 1911456 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=1911456 Reactome R-HSA-1911456 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-1911456.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 1911464 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=1911464 Reactome R-HSA-1911464 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-1911464.1 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0004842 gene ontology term for cellular function MI MI:0355 Same Catalyst Activity Reactome Database ID Release 82 1980072 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=1980072 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013069 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013069 Reactome R-HSA-9013069 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013069.1 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NOTCH3-ligand complex is cleaved to produce NEXT3 Ligand binding induces a conformational change in NOTCH3, probably through mechanical pulling of NOTCH3 triggered by endocytosis of the receptor-attached ubiquitinated ligand. This conformational change exposes the S2 site in the extracellular region of NOTCH3 and triggers cleavage of NOTCH3 by ADAM10 metalloprotease, generating the membrane-anchored NOTCH3 fragment NEXT3 (Groot et al. 2014). The extracellular NOTCH3 portion remains attached to the ligand presented on the plasma membrane of a neighboring cell. Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome Ub-DLL/JAG:NOTCH3(40-1628) Reactome DB_ID: 9013287 Ub-DLL1:NOTCH3(40-1628) Reactome DB_ID: 9013281 1 NOTCH3(40-1628) Notch 3 ligand-bound fragment Reactome DB_ID: 157639 40 EQUAL 1628 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157639 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157639 Reactome R-HSA-157639 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157639.1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013281 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013281 Reactome R-HSA-9013281 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013281.1 Ub-DLL4:NOTCH3(40-1628) Reactome DB_ID: 9013286 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013286 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013286 Reactome R-HSA-9013286 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013286.1 Ub-JAG1:NOTCH3(40-1628) Reactome DB_ID: 9013279 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013279 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013279 Reactome R-HSA-9013279 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013279.1 Ub-JAG2:NOTCH3(40-1628) Reactome DB_ID: 9013283 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013283 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013283 Reactome R-HSA-9013283 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013283.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013287 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013287 Reactome R-HSA-9013287 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013287.1 NEXT3 NOTCH3(1629-2321) Notch 3 NEXT fragment Reactome DB_ID: 157203 1629 EQUAL 2321 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157203 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157203 Reactome R-HSA-157203 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157203.1 ACTIVATION ADAM10:Zn2+ ADAM 10 metalloprotease (Zn cofactor) Reactome DB_ID: 157186 KUZ ADAM10 ADAM 10 metalloprotease Reactome DB_ID: 157237 UniProt:O14672 ADAM10 ADAM10 KUZ MADM FUNCTION Cleaves the membrane-bound precursor of TNF-alpha at '76-Ala-|-Val-77' to its mature soluble form. Responsible for the proteolytical release of soluble JAM3 from endothelial cells surface (PubMed:20592283). Responsible for the proteolytic release of several other cell-surface proteins, including heparin-binding epidermal growth-like factor, ephrin-A2, CD44, CDH2 and for constitutive and regulated alpha-secretase cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) (PubMed:26686862, PubMed:11786905, PubMed:29224781). Contributes to the normal cleavage of the cellular prion protein (PubMed:11477090). Involved in the cleavage of the adhesion molecule L1 at the cell surface and in released membrane vesicles, suggesting a vesicle-based protease activity (PubMed:12475894). Controls also the proteolytic processing of Notch and mediates lateral inhibition during neurogenesis (By similarity). Responsible for the FasL ectodomain shedding and for the generation of the remnant ADAM10-processed FasL (FasL APL) transmembrane form (PubMed:17557115). Also cleaves the ectodomain of the integral membrane proteins CORIN and ITM2B (PubMed:19114711, PubMed:21288900). Mediates the proteolytic cleavage of LAG3, leading to release the secreted form of LAG3 (By similarity). Mediates the proteolytic cleavage of IL6R and IL11RA, leading to the release of secreted forms of IL6R and IL11RA (PubMed:26876177). Enhances the cleavage of CHL1 by BACE1 (By similarity). Cleaves NRCAM (By similarity). Cleaves TREM2, resulting in shedding of the TREM2 ectodomain (PubMed:24990881). Involved in the development and maturation of glomerular and coronary vasculature (By similarity). During development of the cochlear organ of Corti, promotes pillar cell separation by forming a ternary complex with CADH1 and EPHA4 and cleaving CADH1 at adherens junctions (By similarity). May regulate the EFNA5-EPHA3 signaling (PubMed:16239146).FUNCTION (Microbial infection) Promotes the cytotoxic activity of S.aureus hly by binding to the toxin at zonula adherens and promoting formation of toxin pores.ACTIVITY REGULATION Catalytically inactive when the propeptide is intact and associated with the mature enzyme (By similarity). The disintegrin and cysteine-rich regions modulate access of substrates to exerts an inhibitory effect on the cleavage of ADAM10 substrates (PubMed:29224781).SUBUNIT Forms a ternary EFNA5-EPHA3-ADAM10 complex mediating EFNA5 extracellular domain shedding by ADAM10 which regulates the EFNA5-EPHA3 complex internalization and function, the cleavage occurs in trans, with ADAM10 and its substrate being on the membranes of opposing cells (PubMed:16239146). Interacts with the clathrin adapter AP2 complex subunits AP2A1, AP2A2, AP2B1, and AP2M1; this interaction facilitates ADAM10 endocytosis from the plasma membrane during long-term potentiation in hippocampal neurons (PubMed:23676497). Interacts (via extracellular domain) with TSPAN33 (via extracellular domain) and (via cytoplasmic domain) with AFDN; interaction with TSPAN33 allows the docking of ADAM10 to zonula adherens through a PDZ11-dependent interaction between TSPAN33 and PLEKHA7 while interaction with AFDN locks ADAM10 at zonula adherens (PubMed:30463011). Forms a ternary complex composed of ADAM10, EPHA4 and CADH1; within the complex, ADAM10 cleaves CADH1 which disrupts adherens junctions (By similarity). Interacts with EPHA2 (By similarity). Interacts with NGF in a divalent cation-dependent manner (PubMed:20164177). Interacts with TSPAN14; the interaction promotes ADAM10 maturation and cell surface expression (PubMed:26686862, PubMed:26668317). Interacts with TSPAN5, TSPAN10, TSPAN15, TSPAN17 and TSPAN33; these interactions regulate ADAM10 substrate specificity (PubMed:26686862). Interacts with DLG1; this interaction recruits ADAM10 to the cell membrane during long-term depression in hippocampal neurons (PubMed:23676497). Interacts (via extracellular domain) with BACE1 (via extracellular domain) (By similarity). Interacts with FAM171A1 (PubMed:30312582).SUBUNIT (Microbial infection) Interacts with S.aureus hly; this interaction is necessary for toxin pore formation, disruption of focal adhesions and S.aureus hly-mediated cytotoxicity.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Expressed in the brain (at protein level) (PubMed:23676497). Expressed in spleen, lymph node, thymus, peripheral blood leukocyte, bone marrow, cartilage, chondrocytes and fetal liver (PubMed:11511685, PubMed:9016778).INDUCTION In osteoarthritis affected-cartilage.DOMAIN The propeptide keeps the metalloprotease in a latent form via a cysteine switch mechanism. This mechanism may be mediated by a highly conserved cysteine (Cys-173) in the propeptide, which interacts and neutralizes the zinc-coordinating HEXGHXXGXXHD catalytic core of the metalloprotease domain. The dissociation of the cysteine from the zinc ion upon the activation-peptide release activates the enzyme.DOMAIN The Cys-rich region C-terminal to the disintegrin domain functions as a substrate-recognition module, it recognizes the EFNA5-EPHA3 complex but not the individual proteins (By similarity). Both Cys-rich and stalk region are necessary for interaction with TSPAN5, TSPAN10, TSPAN14, TSPAN17, TSPAN33 (PubMed:26668317). Stalk region is sufficient for interaction with TSPAN15 (By similarity).PTM The precursor is cleaved by furin and PCSK7. UniProt O14672 214 EQUAL 748 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157237 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157237 Reactome R-HSA-157237 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157237.1 1 Zn2+ Zn++ zinc(2+) zinc Zn(II) Reactome DB_ID: 109265 zinc(2+) [ChEBI:29105] zinc(2+) ChEBI CHEBI:29105 Reactome Database ID Release 82 109265 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=109265 Reactome R-ALL-109265 3 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-ALL-109265.3 COMPOUND C00038 additional information MI MI:0361 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157186 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157186 Reactome R-HSA-157186 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157186.2 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0008237 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157208 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157208 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013284 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013284 Reactome R-HSA-9013284 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013284.1 24842903 Pubmed 2014 Regulated proteolysis of NOTCH2 and NOTCH3 receptors by ADAM10 and presenilins Groot, Arjan J Habets, Roger Yahyanejad, Sanaz Hodin, Caroline M Reiss, Karina Saftig, P Theys, Jan Vooijs, M Mol. Cell. Biol. 34:2822-32 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0035333 LEFT-TO-RIGHT 3.4.23.32 3.4.23.43 3.4.23.20 3.4.23.25 3.4.23.36 3.4.23.35 3.4.23.34 3.4.23.4 3.4.23.5 3.4.23.1 3.4.23.15 NEXT3 is cleaved to produce NICD3 NEXT3 fragment of NOTCH3 is further cleaved at the S3 site by the gamma-secretase complex, containing either PSEN1 (presenilin-1) or PSEN2 (presenilin-2) as the catalytic subunit, which releases the intracellular domain NICD3 into the cytosol (Groot et al. 2014). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 NICD3 NOTCH3(1662-2321) NICD 3 fragment N3ICD Reactome DB_ID: 157647 1662 EQUAL 2321 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157647 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157647 Reactome R-HSA-157647 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157647.1 TM3 NOTCH3(1629-1661) Transmembrane remnant 3 Reactome DB_ID: 157657 1629 EQUAL 1661 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157657 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157657 Reactome R-HSA-157657 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157657.1 ACTIVATION activeUnit: #Complex19 gamma-secretase complex Reactome DB_ID: 157343 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome PSEN Presenilin Reactome DB_ID: 9013333 PSEN2 PSEN2 dimer Presenilin-2 Reactome DB_ID: 157352 PSEN2(1-297) PSEN2 N-terminal fragment Presenilin-2 NTF subunit Reactome DB_ID: 201599 UniProt:P49810 PSEN2 PSEN2 AD4 PS2 PSNL2 STM2 FUNCTION Probable catalytic subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyzes the intramembrane cleavage of integral membrane proteins such as Notch receptors and APP (amyloid-beta precursor protein). Requires the other members of the gamma-secretase complex to have a protease activity. May play a role in intracellular signaling and gene expression or in linking chromatin to the nuclear membrane. May function in the cytoplasmic partitioning of proteins. The holoprotein functions as a calcium-leak channel that allows the passive movement of calcium from endoplasmic reticulum to cytosol and is involved in calcium homeostasis (PubMed:16959576). Is a regulator of mitochondrion-endoplasmic reticulum membrane tethering and modulates calcium ions shuttling between ER and mitochondria (PubMed:21285369).SUBUNIT Interacts with DOCK3 (By similarity). Homodimer. Component of the gamma-secretase complex, a complex composed of a presenilin homodimer (PSEN1 or PSEN2), nicastrin (NCSTN), APH1 (APH1A or APH1B) and PEN2. Such minimal complex is sufficient for secretase activity, although other components may exist. Interacts with HERPUD1, FLNA, FLNB and PARL.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Isoform 1 is seen in the placenta, skeletal muscle and heart while isoform 2 is seen in the heart, brain, placenta, liver, skeletal muscle and kidney.DOMAIN The PAL motif is required for normal active site conformation.PTM Heterogeneous proteolytic processing generates N-terminal and C-terminal fragments.PTM Phosphorylated on serine residues.SIMILARITY Belongs to the peptidase A22A family. UniProt P49810 1 EQUAL 297 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 201599 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=201599 Reactome R-HSA-201599 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-201599.2 1 PSEN2(298-448) PSEN2 C-terminal fragment Presenilin-2 CTF subunit Reactome DB_ID: 9013329 298 EQUAL 448 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013329 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013329 Reactome R-HSA-9013329 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013329.1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157352 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157352 Reactome R-HSA-157352 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157352.2 PS1 PSEN1 Presenillin-1 PSEN1 dimer Reactome DB_ID: 2534316 PSEN1(299-467) Presenilin-1 C-terminal fragment Presenilin-1 CTF subunit Reactome DB_ID: 2534245 UniProt:P49768 PSEN1 PSEN1 AD3 PS1 PSNL1 FUNCTION Catalytic subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyzes the intramembrane cleavage of integral membrane proteins such as Notch receptors and APP (amyloid-beta precursor protein) (PubMed:15274632, PubMed:10545183, PubMed:10593990, PubMed:10206644, PubMed:10899933, PubMed:10811883, PubMed:12679784, PubMed:12740439, PubMed:25043039, PubMed:26280335, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874, PubMed:28269784, PubMed:20460383). Requires the presence of the other members of the gamma-secretase complex for protease activity (PubMed:15274632, PubMed:25043039, PubMed:26280335, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). Plays a role in Notch and Wnt signaling cascades and regulation of downstream processes via its role in processing key regulatory proteins, and by regulating cytosolic CTNNB1 levels (PubMed:9738936, PubMed:10593990, PubMed:10899933, PubMed:10811883). Stimulates cell-cell adhesion via its interaction with CDH1; this stabilizes the complexes between CDH1 (E-cadherin) and its interaction partners CTNNB1 (beta-catenin), CTNND1 and JUP (gamma-catenin) (PubMed:11953314). Under conditions of apoptosis or calcium influx, cleaves CDH1 (PubMed:11953314). This promotes the disassembly of the complexes between CDH1 and CTNND1, JUP and CTNNB1, increases the pool of cytoplasmic CTNNB1, and thereby negatively regulates Wnt signaling (PubMed:9738936, PubMed:11953314). Required for normal embryonic brain and skeleton development, and for normal angiogenesis (By similarity). Mediates the proteolytic cleavage of EphB2/CTF1 into EphB2/CTF2 (PubMed:17428795, PubMed:28269784). The holoprotein functions as a calcium-leak channel that allows the passive movement of calcium from endoplasmic reticulum to cytosol and is therefore involved in calcium homeostasis (PubMed:25394380, PubMed:16959576). Involved in the regulation of neurite outgrowth (PubMed:15004326, PubMed:20460383). Is a regulator of presynaptic facilitation, spike transmission and synaptic vesicles replenishment in a process that depends on gamma-secretase activity. It acts through the control of SYT7 presynaptic expression (By similarity).SUBUNIT Homodimer. The functional gamma-secretase complex is composed of at least four polypeptides: a presenilin homodimer (PSEN1 or PSEN2), nicastrin (NCSTN), APH1 (APH1A/APH1B) and PEN2 (PubMed:15274632, PubMed:12679784, PubMed:12740439, PubMed:25043039, PubMed:26280335, PubMed:25394380, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). Such minimal complex is sufficient for secretase activity (PubMed:15274632, PubMed:12679784, PubMed:12740439, PubMed:25043039, PubMed:26280335, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). Other components which are associated with the complex include SLC25A64, SLC5A7, PHB and PSEN1 isoform 3. As part of the gamma-secretase complex, interacts with CRB2 (via transmembrane domain) (PubMed:20299451). Predominantly heterodimer of a N-terminal (NTF) and a C-terminal (CTF) endoproteolytical fragment (PubMed:15274632). Associates with proteolytic processed C-terminal fragments C83 and C99 of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) (via transmembrane domain) (PubMed:30630874). Associates with NOTCH1 (via transmembrane domain) (PubMed:10593990, PubMed:30598546). Associates with cadherin/catenin adhesion complexes through direct binding to CDH1 or CDH2 (PubMed:11953314, PubMed:14515347, PubMed:16126725). Interaction with CDH1 stabilizes the complex and stimulates cell-cell aggregation (PubMed:11953314). Interaction with CDH2 is essential for trafficking of CDH2 from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane (PubMed:14515347). Interacts with CTNND2, CTNNB1, CTNND1, JUP, HERPUD1, FLNA, FLNB, MTCH1, PKP4 and PARL (PubMed:9738936, PubMed:9437013, PubMed:10551805, PubMed:10037471, PubMed:11953314, PubMed:11799129, PubMed:16126725). Interacts through its N-terminus with GFAP (isoform 2) (PubMed:12058025). Interacts with DOCK3 (By similarity). Interacts with isoform 1 and isoform 3 of UBQLN1 (PubMed:21143716).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Detected in azurophile granules in neutrophils and in platelet cytoplasmic granules (at protein level) (PubMed:11987239). Expressed in a wide range of tissues including various regions of the brain, liver, spleen and lymph nodes (PubMed:7596406, PubMed:8641442, PubMed:8574969).DOMAIN The PAL motif is required for normal active site conformation.DOMAIN Substrates, such as NOTCH1 and APP peptides, are bound between PSEN1 transmembrane domains and via the first lumenal loop and the cytoplasmic loop between the sixth and seventh transmembrane domains. Substrate binding causes a conformation change and formation of an intermolecular antiparallel beta-sheet between PSEN1 and its substrates.PTM Heterogeneous proteolytic processing generates N-terminal (NTF) and C-terminal (CTF) fragments of approximately 35 and 20 kDa, respectively. During apoptosis, the C-terminal fragment (CTF) is further cleaved by caspase-3 to produce the fragment, PS1-CTF12.PTM After endoproteolysis, the C-terminal fragment (CTF) is phosphorylated on serine residues by PKA and/or PKC. Phosphorylation on Ser-346 inhibits endoproteolysis.SIMILARITY Belongs to the peptidase A22A family. UniProt P49768 299 EQUAL 467 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 2534245 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=2534245 Reactome R-HSA-2534245 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-2534245.2 1 PSEN1(1-298) Presenilin-1 N-terminal fragment presenilin-1 NTF subunit Reactome DB_ID: 2534298 1 EQUAL 298 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 2534298 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=2534298 Reactome R-HSA-2534298 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-2534298.2 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 2534316 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=2534316 Reactome R-HSA-2534316 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-2534316.2 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013333 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013333 Reactome R-HSA-9013333 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013333.1 1 PEN-2 PSENEN Reactome DB_ID: 157331 UniProt:Q9NZ42 PSENEN PSENEN PEN2 MDS033 FUNCTION Essential subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyzes the intramembrane cleavage of integral membrane proteins such as Notch receptors and APP (amyloid-beta precursor protein) (PubMed:12522139, PubMed:12763021, PubMed:12740439, PubMed:12679784, PubMed:24941111, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). The gamma-secretase complex plays a role in Notch and Wnt signaling cascades and regulation of downstream processes via its role in processing key regulatory proteins, and by regulating cytosolic CTNNB1 levels (Probable). PSENEN modulates both endoproteolysis of presenilin and gamma-secretase activity (PubMed:12522139, PubMed:12763021, PubMed:12740439, PubMed:12679784, PubMed:24941111).SUBUNIT The functional gamma-secretase complex is composed of at least four polypeptides: a presenilin homodimer (PSEN1 or PSEN2), nicastrin (NCSTN), APH1 (APH1A or APH1B) and PSENEN.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Widely expressed. Expressed in leukocytes, lung, placenta, small intestine, liver, kidney, spleen thymus, skeletal muscle, heart and brain.SIMILARITY Belongs to the PEN-2 family.CAUTION The high-resolution electron microscopy structures indicate that the N-terminus is cytoplasmic, followed by two short helices that dip into the membrane, but do not cross it (PubMed:26280335). In contrast, results based on mutagenesis to create N-glycosylation sites indicate that the N-terminus is lumenal (PubMed:12639958, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). Both studies indicate that the C-terminus is lumenal (PubMed:12639958, PubMed:26280335). UniProt Q9NZ42 1 EQUAL 101 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157331 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157331 Reactome R-HSA-157331 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157331.1 1 NCSTN Nicastrin NICA_HUMAN Reactome DB_ID: 2534241 UniProt:Q92542 NCSTN NCSTN KIAA0253 UNQ1874/PRO4317 FUNCTION Essential subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyzes the intramembrane cleavage of integral membrane proteins such as Notch receptors and APP (amyloid-beta precursor protein) (PubMed:10993067, PubMed:12679784, PubMed:25043039, PubMed:26280335, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). The gamma-secretase complex plays a role in Notch and Wnt signaling cascades and regulation of downstream processes via its role in processing key regulatory proteins, and by regulating cytosolic CTNNB1 levels.SUBUNIT Component of the gamma-secretase complex (PubMed:10993067, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). The functional gamma-secretase complex is composed of at least four polypeptides: a presenilin homodimer (PSEN1 or PSEN2), nicastrin (NCSTN), APH1 (APH1A or APH1B) and PSENEN/PEN2 (PubMed:12740439, PubMed:25043039, PubMed:26623517, PubMed:26280335, PubMed:25918421, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). Binds to proteolytic processed C-terminal fragments C83 and C99 of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) (PubMed:10993067, PubMed:30630874). Interacts with PSEN1 and PSEN2 (PubMed:10993067).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Detected in brain (at protein level) (PubMed:10993067). Widely expressed (PubMed:11396676).INDUCTION Constitutively expressed in neural cells.PTM N-glycosylated.SIMILARITY Belongs to the nicastrin family. UniProt Q92542 34 EQUAL 709 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 2534241 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=2534241 Reactome R-HSA-2534241 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-2534241.1 1 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome APH-1 Reactome DB_ID: 157341 APH1B APH-1B Reactome DB_ID: 157340 UniProt:Q8WW43 APH1B APH1B PSFL UNQ688/PRO1328 FUNCTION Probable subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyzes the intramembrane cleavage of integral proteins such as Notch receptors and APP (amyloid-beta precursor protein). It probably represents a stabilizing cofactor for the presenilin homodimer that promotes the formation of a stable complex. Probably present in a minority of gamma-secretase complexes compared to APH1A.SUBUNIT Probable component of the gamma-secretase complex, a complex composed of a presenilin homodimer (PSEN1 or PSEN2), nicastrin (NCSTN), APH1 (APH1A or APH1B) and PEN2. Such minimal complex is sufficient for secretase activity, although other components may exist (By similarity). Interacts with PSEN1 and PSEN2.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Weakly or not expressed in leukocytes, lung, placenta, small intestine, liver, kidney, spleen thymus, colon, skeletal muscle, heart and brain.SIMILARITY Belongs to the APH-1 family. UniProt Q8WW43 1 EQUAL 257 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157340 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157340 Reactome R-HSA-157340 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157340.1 APH1A Gamma-secretase subunit APH-1A APH1A_HUMAN Reactome DB_ID: 3211581 UniProt:Q96BI3 APH1A APH1A PSF CGI-78 UNQ579/PRO1141 FUNCTION Non-catalytic subunit of the gamma-secretase complex, an endoprotease complex that catalyzes the intramembrane cleavage of integral membrane proteins such as Notch receptors and APP (amyloid-beta precursor protein) (PubMed:12297508, PubMed:12522139, PubMed:12763021, PubMed:12679784, PubMed:25043039, PubMed:26280335, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874). Required for normal gamma-secretase assembly (PubMed:12522139, PubMed:12471034, PubMed:12763021, PubMed:19369254). The gamma-secretase complex plays a role in Notch and Wnt signaling cascades and regulation of downstream processes via its role in processing key regulatory proteins, and by regulating cytosolic CTNNB1 levels (Probable).SUBUNIT The functional gamma-secretase complex is composed of at least four polypeptides: a presenilin homodimer (PSEN1 or PSEN2), nicastrin (NCSTN), APH1 (APH1A or APH1B) and PSENEN/PEN2 (PubMed:12297508, PubMed:12740439, PubMed:19369254, PubMed:25043039, PubMed:26623517, PubMed:26280335, PubMed:30598546, PubMed:30630874).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Widely expressed. Expressed in leukocytes, lung, placenta, small intestine, liver, kidney, spleen thymus, skeletal muscle, heart and brain. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are nearly expressed at the same level.SIMILARITY Belongs to the APH-1 family. UniProt Q96BI3 1 EQUAL 265 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 3211581 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=3211581 Reactome R-HSA-3211581 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-3211581.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157341 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157341 Reactome R-HSA-157341 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157341.1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157343 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157343 Reactome R-HSA-157343 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157343.2 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0004190 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157355 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157355 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013361 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013361 Reactome R-HSA-9013361 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013361.1 Noncanonical activation of NOTCH3 Besides DLL/JAG ligands, NOTCH3 signaling can also be activated by binding of NOTCH3 to YBX1 (YB 1) (Rauen et al. 2009). YBX1, a protein involved in mRNA processing, is secreted by mesangial cells and monocytes during inflammation and acts as an extracellular mitogen (Frye et al. 2009). YBX1 triggers the gamma secretase complex mediated cleavage of NOTCH3, resulting in release of NOTCH3 intracellular domain (NICD3) and activation of NOTCH3 target genes (Rauen et al. 2009). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NOTCH3 binds YBX1 YBX1 (YB-1) binds to EGF repeats in the extracellular domain of NOTCH3 (Rauen et al. 2009). While YBX1 is extensively studied as a protein involved in mRNA processing, it is also secreted by mesangial cells and monocytes during inflammation and can act as an extracellular mitogen (Frye et al. 2009). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 YBX1 YB-1 Y box transcription factor Nuclease sensitive element binding protein 1 Y box binding protein-1 Y-box transcription factor CCAAT-binding transcription factor I subunit A CBF-A Enhancer factor I subunit A EFI-A DNA-binding protein B DBPB Reactome DB_ID: 9017791 UniProt:P67809 YBX1 YBX1 NSEP1 YB1 FUNCTION DNA- and RNA-binding protein involved in various processes, such as translational repression, RNA stabilization, mRNA splicing, DNA repair and transcription regulation (PubMed:8188694, PubMed:10817758, PubMed:11698476, PubMed:14718551, PubMed:18809583, PubMed:31358969). Predominantly acts as a RNA-binding protein: binds preferentially to the 5'-[CU]CUGCG-3' RNA motif and specifically recognizes mRNA transcripts modified by C5-methylcytosine (m5C) (PubMed:19561594, PubMed:31358969). Promotes mRNA stabilization: acts by binding to m5C-containing mRNAs and recruiting the mRNA stability maintainer ELAVL1, thereby preventing mRNA decay (PubMed:10817758, PubMed:11698476, PubMed:31358969). Component of the CRD-mediated complex that promotes MYC mRNA stability (PubMed:19029303). Contributes to the regulation of translation by modulating the interaction between the mRNA and eukaryotic initiation factors (By similarity). Plays a key role in RNA composition of extracellular exosomes by defining the sorting of small non-coding RNAs, such as tRNAs, Y RNAs, Vault RNAs and miRNAs (PubMed:27559612, PubMed:29073095). Probably sorts RNAs in exosomes by recognizing and binding C5-methylcytosine (m5C)-containing RNAs (PubMed:28341602, PubMed:29073095). Acts as a key effector of epidermal progenitors by preventing epidermal progenitor senescence: acts by regulating the translation of a senescence-associated subset of cytokine mRNAs, possibly by binding to m5C-containing mRNAs (PubMed:29712925). Also involved in pre-mRNA alternative splicing regulation: binds to splice sites in pre-mRNA and regulates splice site selection (PubMed:12604611). Also able to bind DNA: regulates transcription of the multidrug resistance gene MDR1 is enhanced in presence of the APEX1 acetylated form at 'Lys-6' and 'Lys-7' (PubMed:18809583). Binds to promoters that contain a Y-box (5'-CTGATTGGCCAA-3'), such as MDR1 and HLA class II genes (PubMed:8188694, PubMed:18809583). Promotes separation of DNA strands that contain mismatches or are modified by cisplatin (PubMed:14718551). Has endonucleolytic activity and can introduce nicks or breaks into double-stranded DNA, suggesting a role in DNA repair (PubMed:14718551). The secreted form acts as an extracellular mitogen and stimulates cell migration and proliferation (PubMed:19483673).SUBUNIT Homodimer in the presence of ATP (PubMed:10817758, PubMed:11851341). Component of the coding region determinant (CRD)-mediated complex, composed of DHX9, HNRNPU, IGF2BP1, SYNCRIP and YBX1 (PubMed:19029303). Identified in a IGF2BP1-dependent mRNP granule complex containing untranslated mRNAs (PubMed:17289661). Component of the U11/U12 snRNPs that are part of the U12-type spliceosome (PubMed:15146077). Identified in a histone pre-mRNA complex, at least composed of ERI1, LSM11, SLBP, SNRPB, SYNCRIP and YBX1 (By similarity). Interacts with IGF2BP1 and RBBP6 (PubMed:17289661, PubMed:18851979). Component of cytoplasmic messenger ribonucleoprotein particles (mRNPs) (PubMed:19029303). Interacts with AKT1, MBNL1, SFRS9, SFRS12, ALYREF/THOC4, MSH2, XRCC5, WRN and NCL (PubMed:12604611, PubMed:14559993, PubMed:14718551, PubMed:15806160, PubMed:18335541). Interacts (via C-terminus) with APEX1 (via N-terminus); the interaction is increased with APEX1 acetylated at 'Lys-6' and 'Lys-7' (PubMed:18809583). Interacts with AGO1 and AGO2 (PubMed:17932509). Interacts with ANKRD2 (PubMed:15136035). Interacts with DERA (PubMed:25229427). Interacts with FMR1; this interaction occurs in association with polyribosome (By similarity). Interacts with ZBTB7B (By similarity). Interacts with HDGF (isoform 1) (PubMed:26845719). Interacts with ELAVL1; leading to ELAVL1 recruitment on C5-methylcytosine (m5C)-containing mRNAs and subsequent mRNA stability (PubMed:31358969).DOMAIN In the CSD domain, Trp-65 specifically recognizes C5-methylcytosine (m5C) modification through its indole ring.PTM Ubiquitinated by RBBP6; leading to a decrease of YBX1 transcactivational ability.PTM In the absence of phosphorylation the protein is retained in the cytoplasm.PTM Cleaved by a 20S proteasomal protease in response to agents that damage DNA. Cleavage takes place in the absence of ubiquitination and ATP. The resulting N-terminal fragment accumulates in the nucleus (By similarity).SIMILARITY Belongs to the YBX1 family. UniProt P67809 2 EQUAL 324 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9017791 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9017791 Reactome R-HSA-9017791 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9017791.1 YBX1:NOTCH3 Reactome DB_ID: 9017807 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9017807 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9017807 Reactome R-HSA-9017807 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9017807.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9017797 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9017797 Reactome R-HSA-9017797 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9017797.1 19640841 Pubmed 2009 YB-1 acts as a ligand for Notch-3 receptors and modulates receptor activation Rauen, Thomas Raffetseder, U Frye, Björn C Djudjaj, Sonja Mühlenberg, Philipp J T Eitner, Frank Lendahl, U Bernhagen, Jürgen Dooley, Steven Mertens, Peter R J. Biol. Chem. 284:26928-40 19483673 Pubmed 2009 Y-box protein-1 is actively secreted through a non-classical pathway and acts as an extracellular mitogen Frye, Björn C Halfter, Sarah Djudjaj, Sonja Muehlenberg, Philipp Weber, Susanne Raffetseder, U En-Nia, Abdelaziz Knott, Hanna Baron, Jens M Dooley, Steven Bernhagen, Jürgen Mertens, Peter R EMBO Rep. 10:783-9 LEFT-TO-RIGHT 3.4.23.32 3.4.23.43 3.4.23.20 3.4.23.25 3.4.23.36 3.4.23.35 3.4.23.34 3.4.23.4 3.4.23.5 3.4.23.1 3.4.23.15 Gamma-secretase cleaves YBX1:NOTCH3 Binding of NOTCH3 to YBX1 (YB-1) triggers cleavage of NOTCH3 by the gamma-secretase complex. The exact steps of YBX1-mediated NOTCH3 activation are not known. The gamma-secretase complex releases NOTCH3 intracellular domain (NICD3), leading to activation of NOTCH3 target genes downstream of YBX1 (Rauen et al. 2009). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 ACTIVATION activeUnit: #Complex19 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9017817 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9017817 Reactome R-HSA-9017817 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9017817.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9017802 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9017802 Reactome R-HSA-9017802 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9017802.1 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NICD3 binds to TACC3 Based on studies in mice, the intracellular domain of NOTCH3, NICD3, binds to transforming acidic coiled-coil protein-3 (TACC3). The interaction involves the ankyrin repeats of NOTCH3. The two proteins co-localize in the cytosol and possibly in the nucleus. TACC3 is implicated as a negative regulator of NOTCH signaling and may compete with NOTCH binding to RPBJ (Bargo et al. 2010). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 TACC3 Transforming acidic coiled-coil-containing protein 3 ERIC1 Reactome DB_ID: 2160956 UniProt:Q9Y6A5 TACC3 TACC3 ERIC1 FUNCTION Plays a role in the microtubule-dependent coupling of the nucleus and the centrosome. Involved in the processes that regulate centrosome-mediated interkinetic nuclear migration (INM) of neural progenitors (By similarity). Acts as component of the TACC3/ch-TOG/clathrin complex proposed to contribute to stabilization of kinetochore fibers of the mitotic spindle by acting as inter-microtubule bridge. The TACC3/ch-TOG/clathrin complex is required for the maintenance of kinetochore fiber tension (PubMed:21297582, PubMed:23532825). May be involved in the control of cell growth and differentiation. May contribute to cancer (PubMed:14767476).SUBUNIT Interacts with microtubules. Interacts with CKAP5 independently of clathrin. Interacts with CKAP5 and clathrin forming the TACC3/ch-TOG/clathrin complex located at spindle inter-microtubules bridges; TACC3 (phosphorylated at Ser-558 by AURKA) and CLTC are proposed to form a composite microtubule interaction surface (PubMed:21297582, PubMed:23918938, PubMed:25596274). Interacts with CCDC100/CEP120. The coiled coil C-terminal region interacts with AH receptor nuclear translocator protein (ARNT) and ARNT2 (By similarity). Interacts with GCN5L2 and PCAF (PubMed:14767476).INDUCTION Up-regulated in various cancer cell lines.SIMILARITY Belongs to the TACC family. UniProt Q9Y6A5 1 EQUAL 838 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 2160956 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=2160956 Reactome R-HSA-2160956 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-2160956.1 NICD3:TACC3 Reactome DB_ID: 9017852 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9017852 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9017852 Reactome R-HSA-9017852 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9017852.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9017855 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9017855 Reactome R-HSA-9017855 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9017855.1 20804727 Pubmed 2010 Transforming acidic coiled-coil protein-3 (Tacc3) acts as a negative regulator of Notch signaling through binding to CDC10/Ankyrin repeats Bargo, Sharon Raafat, Ahmed McCurdy, David Amirjazil, Idean Shu, Youmin Traicoff, June Plant, Joshua Vonderhaar, Barbara K Callahan, Robert Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 400:606-12 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0045746 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NOTCH3 binds activated EGFR The intracellular domain of NOTCH3 (NICD3) co-immunoprecipitates with ligand activated, autophosphorylated EGFR. Binding of NOTCH3 to EGFR is inhibited by erlotinib treatment, which prevents EGFR activation (Arasada et al. 2014). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 EGF:p-6Y-EGFR dimer EGF:Phospho-EGFR (Y992, Y1068, Y1086, Y1148, Y1173) dimer Reactome DB_ID: 179882 EGF:Phospho-EGFR Reactome DB_ID: 179860 p-6Y-EGFR Phospho-EGFR Phosphorylated Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Reactome DB_ID: 179803 UniProt:P00533 EGFR EGFR ERBB ERBB1 HER1 FUNCTION Receptor tyrosine kinase binding ligands of the EGF family and activating several signaling cascades to convert extracellular cues into appropriate cellular responses (PubMed:2790960, PubMed:10805725, PubMed:27153536). Known ligands include EGF, TGFA/TGF-alpha, AREG, epigen/EPGN, BTC/betacellulin, epiregulin/EREG and HBEGF/heparin-binding EGF (PubMed:2790960, PubMed:7679104, PubMed:8144591, PubMed:9419975, PubMed:15611079, PubMed:12297049, PubMed:27153536, PubMed:20837704, PubMed:17909029). Ligand binding triggers receptor homo- and/or heterodimerization and autophosphorylation on key cytoplasmic residues. The phosphorylated receptor recruits adapter proteins like GRB2 which in turn activates complex downstream signaling cascades. Activates at least 4 major downstream signaling cascades including the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK, PI3 kinase-AKT, PLCgamma-PKC and STATs modules (PubMed:27153536). May also activate the NF-kappa-B signaling cascade (PubMed:11116146). Also directly phosphorylates other proteins like RGS16, activating its GTPase activity and probably coupling the EGF receptor signaling to the G protein-coupled receptor signaling (PubMed:11602604). Also phosphorylates MUC1 and increases its interaction with SRC and CTNNB1/beta-catenin (PubMed:11483589). Positively regulates cell migration via interaction with CCDC88A/GIV which retains EGFR at the cell membrane following ligand stimulation, promoting EGFR signaling which triggers cell migration (PubMed:20462955). Plays a role in enhancing learning and memory performance (By similarity).FUNCTION Isoform 2 may act as an antagonist of EGF action.FUNCTION (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in hepatocytes and facilitates its cell entry. Mediates HCV entry by promoting the formation of the CD81-CLDN1 receptor complexes that are essential for HCV entry and by enhancing membrane fusion of cells expressing HCV envelope glycoproteins.ACTIVITY REGULATION Endocytosis and inhibition of the activated EGFR by phosphatases like PTPRJ and PTPRK constitute immediate regulatory mechanisms. Upon EGF-binding phosphorylates EPS15 that regulates EGFR endocytosis and activity. Moreover, inducible feedback inhibitors including LRIG1, SOCS4, SOCS5 and ERRFI1 constitute alternative regulatory mechanisms for the EGFR signaling. Up-regulated by NEU3-mediated desialylation of N-linked glycan at Asn-528.SUBUNIT Binding of the ligand triggers homo- and/or heterodimerization of the receptor triggering its autophosphorylation. Heterodimer with ERBB2 (PubMed:10805725). Forms a complex with CCDC88A/GIV (via SH2-like regions) and GNAI3 which leads to enhanced EGFR signaling and triggering of cell migration; binding to CCDC88A requires autophosphorylation of the EGFR C-terminal region, and ligand stimulation is required for recruitment of GNAI3 to the complex (PubMed:20462955, PubMed:25187647). Interacts with ERRFI1; inhibits dimerization of the kinase domain and autophosphorylation (PubMed:18046415). Part of a complex with ERBB2 and either PIK3C2A or PIK3C2B (PubMed:10805725). Interacts with GRB2; an adapter protein coupling the receptor to downstream signaling pathways. Interacts with GAB2; involved in signaling downstream of EGFR. Interacts with STAT3; mediates EGFR downstream signaling in cell proliferation. Interacts with RIPK1; involved in NF-kappa-B activation. Interacts (autophosphorylated) with CBL, CBLB and CBLC; involved in EGFR ubiquitination and regulation. Interacts with SOCS5; regulates EGFR degradation through ELOC- and ELOB-mediated ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Interacts with PRMT5; methylates EGFR and enhances interaction with PTPN6. Interacts (phosphorylated) with PTPN6; inhibits EGFR-dependent activation of MAPK/ERK. Interacts with COPG1; essential for regulation of EGF-dependent nuclear transport of EGFR by retrograde trafficking from the Golgi to the ER. Interacts with TNK2; this interaction is dependent on EGF stimulation and kinase activity of EGFR. Interacts with PCNA; positively regulates PCNA (PubMed:17115032). Interacts with PELP1. Interacts with MUC1. Interacts with AP2M1. Interacts with FER. May interact with EPS8; mediates EPS8 phosphorylation. Interacts (via SH2 domains) with GRB2, NCK1 and NCK2 (PubMed:10026169). Interacts with ATXN2. Interacts with GAREM1. Interacts (ubiquitinated) with ANKRD13A/B/D; the interaction is direct and may regulate EGFR internalization after EGF stimulation. Interacts with GPER1; the interaction occurs in an estrogen-dependent manner. Interacts (via C-terminal cytoplasmic kinase domain) with ZPR1 (via zinc fingers). Interacts with RNF115 and RNF126 (PubMed:23418353). Interacts with GPRC5A (via its transmembrane domain) (PubMed:25311788). Interacts with FAM83B; positively regulates EGFR inducing its autophosphorylation in absence of stimulation by EGF (PubMed:23912460). Interacts with LAPTM4B; positively correlates with EGFR activation (PubMed:28479384). Interacts with STX19 (PubMed:16420529). Interacts with CD44 (PubMed:23589287). Interacts with PGRMC1; the interaction requires PGRMC1 homodimerization (PubMed:26988023). Interacts with PIKFYVE (PubMed:17909029). Interacts with NEU3. Interacts with TRAF4 (PubMed:30352854).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Ubiquitously expressed. Isoform 2 is also expressed in ovarian cancers.PTM Phosphorylated on Tyr residues in response to EGF (PubMed:20462955, PubMed:27153536). Phosphorylation at Ser-695 is partial and occurs only if Thr-693 is phosphorylated. Phosphorylation at Thr-678 and Thr-693 by PRKD1 inhibits EGF-induced MAPK8/JNK1 activation. Dephosphorylation by PTPRJ prevents endocytosis and stabilizes the receptor at the plasma membrane. Autophosphorylation at Tyr-1197 is stimulated by methylation at Arg-1199 and enhances interaction with PTPN6. Autophosphorylation at Tyr-1092 and/or Tyr-1110 recruits STAT3. Dephosphorylated by PTPN1 and PTPN2.PTM Monoubiquitinated and polyubiquitinated upon EGF stimulation; which does not affect tyrosine kinase activity or signaling capacity but may play a role in lysosomal targeting (PubMed:27153536). Polyubiquitin linkage is mainly through 'Lys-63', but linkage through 'Lys-48', 'Lys-11' and 'Lys-29' also occurs. Deubiquitination by OTUD7B prevents degradation. Ubiquitinated by RNF115 and RNF126 (By similarity).PTM Palmitoylated on Cys residues by ZDHHC20. Palmitoylation inhibits internalization after ligand binding, and increases the persistence of tyrosine-phosphorylated EGFR at the cell membrane. Palmitoylation increases the amplitude and duration of EGFR signaling.PTM Methylated. Methylation at Arg-1199 by PRMT5 stimulates phosphorylation at Tyr-1197.SIMILARITY Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. EGF receptor subfamily. UniProt P00533 992 EQUAL O4'-phospho-L-tyrosine MOD MOD:00048 1045 EQUAL 1068 EQUAL 1086 EQUAL 1148 EQUAL 1173 EQUAL 25 EQUAL 1210 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 179803 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=179803 Reactome R-HSA-179803 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-179803.1 1 EGF Epidermal Growth Factor Reactome DB_ID: 179863 UniProt:P01133 EGF EGF FUNCTION EGF stimulates the growth of various epidermal and epithelial tissues in vivo and in vitro and of some fibroblasts in cell culture. Magnesiotropic hormone that stimulates magnesium reabsorption in the renal distal convoluted tubule via engagement of EGFR and activation of the magnesium channel TRPM6. Can induce neurite outgrowth in motoneurons of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis in vitro (PubMed:10964941).SUBUNIT Interacts with EGFR and promotes EGFR dimerization. Interacts with RHBDF2 (By similarity). Interacts with RHBDF1; may retain EGF in the endoplasmic reticulum and regulates its degradation through the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Expressed in kidney, salivary gland, cerebrum and prostate.PTM O-glycosylated with core 1-like and core 2-like glycans. It is uncertain if Ser-954 or Thr-955 is O-glycosylated. The modification here shows glycan heterogeneity: HexHexNAc (major) and Hex2HexNAc2 (minor). UniProt P01133 971 EQUAL 1023 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 179863 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=179863 Reactome R-HSA-179863 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-179863.1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 179860 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=179860 Reactome R-HSA-179860 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-179860.1 2 Reactome Database ID Release 82 179882 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=179882 Reactome R-HSA-179882 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-179882.2 EGF:p-6Y-EGFR dimer:NICD3 Reactome DB_ID: 9018569 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9018569 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9018569 Reactome R-HSA-9018569 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9018569.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9018573 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9018573 Reactome R-HSA-9018573 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9018573.1 25125655 Pubmed 2014 EGFR blockade enriches for lung cancer stem-like cells through Notch3-dependent signaling Arasada, Rajeswara Rao Amann, Joseph M Rahman, Mohammad A Huppert, Stacey S Carbone, David P Cancer Res. 74:5572-84 LEFT-TO-RIGHT 2.7.10.2 EGFR phosphorylates NOTCH3 EGFR phosphorylates intracellular domain of NOTCH3 (NICD3) on an unknown tyrosine residue. EGFR signaling inhibits NICD3-mediated transcription. It is not known whether EGFR-mediated phosphorylation of NICD3 affects NICD3 nuclear translocation or the formation of the NOTCH3 coactivator complex. Erlotinib treatment, which inhibits EGFR activation, results in increased NOTCH3 signaling and induction of stem-like phenotype in treated cells (Arasada et al. 2014). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 ATP Adenosine 5'-triphosphate ATP(4-) Reactome DB_ID: 113592 ATP(4-) [ChEBI:30616] ATP(4-) ATP atp Adenosine 5'-triphosphate ChEBI CHEBI:30616 Reactome Database ID Release 82 113592 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=113592 Reactome R-ALL-113592 5 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-ALL-113592.5 COMPOUND C00002 p-Y-NICD3 p-Y-NOTCH3(1662-2321) p-Y-N3ICD Reactome DB_ID: 9018581 1662 EQUAL 2321 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9018581 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9018581 Reactome R-HSA-9018581 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9018581.1 ADP Adenosine 5'-diphosphate ADP(3-) Reactome DB_ID: 29370 ADP(3-) [ChEBI:456216] ADP(3-) ADP 5'-O-[(phosphonatooxy)phosphinato]adenosine ADP trianion ChEBI CHEBI:456216 Reactome Database ID Release 82 29370 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=29370 Reactome R-ALL-29370 5 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-ALL-29370.5 COMPOUND C00008 ACTIVATION activeUnit: #Complex24 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0004713 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9018582 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9018582 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9018572 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9018572 Reactome R-HSA-9018572 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9018572.2 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NOTCH3 binds WWP2 WWP2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, can interact with NOTCH3 cleavage products NEXT3 and NICD3 in the cytosol. The interaction involves the PPPY motif in the PEST domain of NOTCH3 (Jung et al. 2014). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 WWP2 NEDD4-like E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase WWP2 AIP2 Atrophin-1-interacting protein 2 WW domain-containing protein 2 Reactome DB_ID: 6807279 UniProt:O00308 WWP2 WWP2 FUNCTION E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase which accepts ubiquitin from an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme in the form of a thioester and then directly transfers the ubiquitin to targeted substrates. Polyubiquitinates POU5F1 by 'Lys-63'-linked conjugation and promotes it to proteasomal degradation; in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) the ubiquitination is proposed to regulate POU5F1 protein level. Ubiquitinates EGR2 and promotes it to proteasomal degradation; in T-cells the ubiquitination inhibits activation-induced cell death. Ubiquitinates SLC11A2; the ubiquitination is enhanced by presence of NDFIP1 and NDFIP2. Ubiquitinates RPB1 and promotes it to proteasomal degradation.ACTIVITY REGULATION Activated by NDFIP1- and NDFIP2-binding.PATHWAY Protein modification; protein ubiquitination.SUBUNIT Interacts with POU5F1, RBP1, EGR2 and SLC11A2 (By similarity). Interacts with SCNN1A, SCNN1B, SCNN1G, WBP1, WBP2 and ATN1. Interacts with ERBB4, NDFIP1 AND NDFIP2. Interacts with ARRDC4 (PubMed:23236378). Interacts (via WW domains) with ARRDC1 (via PPxY motifs); ubiquitinates ARRDC1 (PubMed:22315426, PubMed:21191027). Interacts (via WW domains) with ARRDC2 and ARRDC3 (PubMed:21191027).SUBUNIT (Microbial infection) Interacts with adenovirus type 2 PIII.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Detected in heart, throughout the brain, placenta, lung, liver, muscle, kidney and pancreas. Also detected in spleen and peripheral blood leukocytes.DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE Highly expressed in undifferentiated embryonic stem cells and expression is reduced after embryoid body (EB) formation. Not detectable at day 13 of EB formation; low levels are again detected at day 18 of EB formation.DOMAIN The C2 domain is involved in autoinhibition of the catalytic activity by interacting with the HECT domain.DOMAIN The WW domains mediate interaction with PPxY motif-containing proteins.PTM Autoubiquitinated. Ubiquitinated by the SCF(FBXL15) complex, leading to its degradation by the proteasome.MISCELLANEOUS A cysteine residue is required for ubiquitin-thioester formation. UniProt O00308 1 EQUAL 870 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 6807279 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=6807279 Reactome R-HSA-6807279 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-6807279.1 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome NEXT3,NICD3 Reactome DB_ID: 9021530 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9021530 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9021530 Reactome R-HSA-9021530 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9021530.2 NEXT3,NICD3:WWP2 Reactome DB_ID: 9021521 1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9021521 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9021521 Reactome R-HSA-9021521 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9021521.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9021520 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9021520 Reactome R-HSA-9021520 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9021520.1 25356737 Pubmed 2014 Notch3 interactome analysis identified WWP2 as a negative regulator of Notch3 signaling in ovarian cancer Jung, Jin-Gyoung Stoeck, Alexander Guan, Bin Wu, Ren-Chin Zhu, Heng Blackshaw, S Shih, Ie-Ming Wang, Tian-Li PLoS Genet. 10:e1004751 LEFT-TO-RIGHT WWP2 ubiquitinates NOTCH3 WWP2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, ubiquitinates NOTCH3 cleavage fragments NEXT3 and NICD3 in the cytosol, targeting them for lysosome-mediated degradation. WWP2 thus negatively regulates NOTCH3 signaling. WWP2 is a putative tumor suppressor whose deletions have been reported in the majority of ovarian carcinomas (Jung et al. 2014). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 Ub-NEXT3,Ub-NICD3:WWP2 Reactome DB_ID: 9021524 1 Converted from EntitySet in Reactome Ub-NEXT3,Ub-NICD3 Reactome DB_ID: 9021526 Ub-NEXT3 Reactome DB_ID: 9021545 1629 EQUAL 2321 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9021545 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9021545 Reactome R-HSA-9021545 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9021545.1 Ub-NICD3 Reactome DB_ID: 9021546 1662 EQUAL 2321 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9021546 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9021546 Reactome R-HSA-9021546 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9021546.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9021526 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9021526 Reactome R-HSA-9021526 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9021526.2 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9021524 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9021524 Reactome R-HSA-9021524 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9021524.1 ACTIVATION activeUnit: #Protein50 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0061630 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9021532 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9021532 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9021523 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9021523 Reactome R-HSA-9021523 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9021523.1 LEFT-TO-RIGHT NICD3 traffics to the nucleus Based on an analogy with Drosophila Notch and its intracellular cleavage product NICD, it is believed that the cytosolic NICD3 translocates to the nucleus (Lecourtois and Schweisguth 1998, Struhl and Adachi 1998). Authored: Jassal, B, 2005-01-10 12:51:46 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 NICD3 NOTCH3(1662-2321) NICD 3 fragment N3ICD Reactome DB_ID: 157928 nucleoplasm GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0005654 1662 EQUAL 2321 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157928 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157928 Reactome R-HSA-157928 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157928.1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 157937 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157937 Reactome R-HSA-157937 4 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157937.4 9604939 Pubmed 1998 Nuclear access and action of notch in vivo Struhl, G Adachi, A Cell 93:649-60 9651681 Pubmed 1998 Indirect evidence for Delta-dependent intracellular processing of notch in Drosophila embryos Lecourtois, M Schweisguth, F Curr Biol 8:771-4 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9013507 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9013507 Reactome R-HSA-9013507 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9013507.1 10958687 Pubmed 2000 Binding of Delta1, Jagged1, and Jagged2 to Notch2 rapidly induces cleavage, nuclear translocation, and hyperphosphorylation of Notch2 Shimizu, K Chiba, S Hosoya, N Kumano, K Saito, T Kurokawa, M Kanda, Y Hamada, Y Hirai, H Mol Cell Biol 20:6913-22