BioPAX pathway converted from "EGFR phosphorylates NOTCH3" in the Reactome database. LEFT-TO-RIGHT 2.7.10.2 EGFR phosphorylates NOTCH3 EGFR phosphorylates intracellular domain of NOTCH3 (NICD3) on an unknown tyrosine residue. EGFR signaling inhibits NICD3-mediated transcription. It is not known whether EGFR-mediated phosphorylation of NICD3 affects NICD3 nuclear translocation or the formation of the NOTCH3 coactivator complex. Erlotinib treatment, which inhibits EGFR activation, results in increased NOTCH3 signaling and induction of stem-like phenotype in treated cells (Arasada et al. 2014). Authored: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-09-20 Reviewed: Haw, Robin, 2017-10-30 Edited: Orlic-Milacic, Marija, 2017-11-02 ATP Adenosine 5'-triphosphate ATP(4-) Reactome DB_ID: 113592 cytosol GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0005829 ATP(4-) [ChEBI:30616] ATP(4-) ATP atp Adenosine 5'-triphosphate ChEBI CHEBI:30616 Reactome Database ID Release 82 113592 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=113592 Reactome R-ALL-113592 5 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-ALL-113592.5 Reactome http://www.reactome.org COMPOUND C00002 additional information MI MI:0361 EGF:p-6Y-EGFR dimer:NICD3 Reactome DB_ID: 9018569 plasma membrane GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0005886 EGF:p-6Y-EGFR dimer EGF:Phospho-EGFR (Y992, Y1068, Y1086, Y1148, Y1173) dimer Reactome DB_ID: 179882 EGF:Phospho-EGFR Reactome DB_ID: 179860 EGF Epidermal Growth Factor Reactome DB_ID: 179863 extracellular region GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0005576 UniProt:P01133 EGF EGF FUNCTION EGF stimulates the growth of various epidermal and epithelial tissues in vivo and in vitro and of some fibroblasts in cell culture. Magnesiotropic hormone that stimulates magnesium reabsorption in the renal distal convoluted tubule via engagement of EGFR and activation of the magnesium channel TRPM6. Can induce neurite outgrowth in motoneurons of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis in vitro (PubMed:10964941).SUBUNIT Interacts with EGFR and promotes EGFR dimerization. Interacts with RHBDF2 (By similarity). Interacts with RHBDF1; may retain EGF in the endoplasmic reticulum and regulates its degradation through the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Expressed in kidney, salivary gland, cerebrum and prostate.PTM O-glycosylated with core 1-like and core 2-like glycans. It is uncertain if Ser-954 or Thr-955 is O-glycosylated. The modification here shows glycan heterogeneity: HexHexNAc (major) and Hex2HexNAc2 (minor). Homo sapiens NCBI Taxonomy 9606 UniProt P01133 971 EQUAL 1023 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 179863 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=179863 Reactome R-HSA-179863 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-179863.1 1 p-6Y-EGFR Phospho-EGFR Phosphorylated Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Reactome DB_ID: 179803 UniProt:P00533 EGFR EGFR ERBB ERBB1 HER1 FUNCTION Receptor tyrosine kinase binding ligands of the EGF family and activating several signaling cascades to convert extracellular cues into appropriate cellular responses (PubMed:2790960, PubMed:10805725, PubMed:27153536). Known ligands include EGF, TGFA/TGF-alpha, AREG, epigen/EPGN, BTC/betacellulin, epiregulin/EREG and HBEGF/heparin-binding EGF (PubMed:2790960, PubMed:7679104, PubMed:8144591, PubMed:9419975, PubMed:15611079, PubMed:12297049, PubMed:27153536, PubMed:20837704, PubMed:17909029). Ligand binding triggers receptor homo- and/or heterodimerization and autophosphorylation on key cytoplasmic residues. The phosphorylated receptor recruits adapter proteins like GRB2 which in turn activates complex downstream signaling cascades. Activates at least 4 major downstream signaling cascades including the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK, PI3 kinase-AKT, PLCgamma-PKC and STATs modules (PubMed:27153536). May also activate the NF-kappa-B signaling cascade (PubMed:11116146). Also directly phosphorylates other proteins like RGS16, activating its GTPase activity and probably coupling the EGF receptor signaling to the G protein-coupled receptor signaling (PubMed:11602604). Also phosphorylates MUC1 and increases its interaction with SRC and CTNNB1/beta-catenin (PubMed:11483589). Positively regulates cell migration via interaction with CCDC88A/GIV which retains EGFR at the cell membrane following ligand stimulation, promoting EGFR signaling which triggers cell migration (PubMed:20462955). Plays a role in enhancing learning and memory performance (By similarity).FUNCTION Isoform 2 may act as an antagonist of EGF action.FUNCTION (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in hepatocytes and facilitates its cell entry. Mediates HCV entry by promoting the formation of the CD81-CLDN1 receptor complexes that are essential for HCV entry and by enhancing membrane fusion of cells expressing HCV envelope glycoproteins.ACTIVITY REGULATION Endocytosis and inhibition of the activated EGFR by phosphatases like PTPRJ and PTPRK constitute immediate regulatory mechanisms. Upon EGF-binding phosphorylates EPS15 that regulates EGFR endocytosis and activity. Moreover, inducible feedback inhibitors including LRIG1, SOCS4, SOCS5 and ERRFI1 constitute alternative regulatory mechanisms for the EGFR signaling. Up-regulated by NEU3-mediated desialylation of N-linked glycan at Asn-528.SUBUNIT Binding of the ligand triggers homo- and/or heterodimerization of the receptor triggering its autophosphorylation. Heterodimer with ERBB2 (PubMed:10805725). Forms a complex with CCDC88A/GIV (via SH2-like regions) and GNAI3 which leads to enhanced EGFR signaling and triggering of cell migration; binding to CCDC88A requires autophosphorylation of the EGFR C-terminal region, and ligand stimulation is required for recruitment of GNAI3 to the complex (PubMed:20462955, PubMed:25187647). Interacts with ERRFI1; inhibits dimerization of the kinase domain and autophosphorylation (PubMed:18046415). Part of a complex with ERBB2 and either PIK3C2A or PIK3C2B (PubMed:10805725). Interacts with GRB2; an adapter protein coupling the receptor to downstream signaling pathways. Interacts with GAB2; involved in signaling downstream of EGFR. Interacts with STAT3; mediates EGFR downstream signaling in cell proliferation. Interacts with RIPK1; involved in NF-kappa-B activation. Interacts (autophosphorylated) with CBL, CBLB and CBLC; involved in EGFR ubiquitination and regulation. Interacts with SOCS5; regulates EGFR degradation through ELOC- and ELOB-mediated ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Interacts with PRMT5; methylates EGFR and enhances interaction with PTPN6. Interacts (phosphorylated) with PTPN6; inhibits EGFR-dependent activation of MAPK/ERK. Interacts with COPG1; essential for regulation of EGF-dependent nuclear transport of EGFR by retrograde trafficking from the Golgi to the ER. Interacts with TNK2; this interaction is dependent on EGF stimulation and kinase activity of EGFR. Interacts with PCNA; positively regulates PCNA (PubMed:17115032). Interacts with PELP1. Interacts with MUC1. Interacts with AP2M1. Interacts with FER. May interact with EPS8; mediates EPS8 phosphorylation. Interacts (via SH2 domains) with GRB2, NCK1 and NCK2 (PubMed:10026169). Interacts with ATXN2. Interacts with GAREM1. Interacts (ubiquitinated) with ANKRD13A/B/D; the interaction is direct and may regulate EGFR internalization after EGF stimulation. Interacts with GPER1; the interaction occurs in an estrogen-dependent manner. Interacts (via C-terminal cytoplasmic kinase domain) with ZPR1 (via zinc fingers). Interacts with RNF115 and RNF126 (PubMed:23418353). Interacts with GPRC5A (via its transmembrane domain) (PubMed:25311788). Interacts with FAM83B; positively regulates EGFR inducing its autophosphorylation in absence of stimulation by EGF (PubMed:23912460). Interacts with LAPTM4B; positively correlates with EGFR activation (PubMed:28479384). Interacts with STX19 (PubMed:16420529). Interacts with CD44 (PubMed:23589287). Interacts with PGRMC1; the interaction requires PGRMC1 homodimerization (PubMed:26988023). Interacts with PIKFYVE (PubMed:17909029). Interacts with NEU3. Interacts with TRAF4 (PubMed:30352854).TISSUE SPECIFICITY Ubiquitously expressed. Isoform 2 is also expressed in ovarian cancers.PTM Phosphorylated on Tyr residues in response to EGF (PubMed:20462955, PubMed:27153536). Phosphorylation at Ser-695 is partial and occurs only if Thr-693 is phosphorylated. Phosphorylation at Thr-678 and Thr-693 by PRKD1 inhibits EGF-induced MAPK8/JNK1 activation. Dephosphorylation by PTPRJ prevents endocytosis and stabilizes the receptor at the plasma membrane. Autophosphorylation at Tyr-1197 is stimulated by methylation at Arg-1199 and enhances interaction with PTPN6. Autophosphorylation at Tyr-1092 and/or Tyr-1110 recruits STAT3. Dephosphorylated by PTPN1 and PTPN2.PTM Monoubiquitinated and polyubiquitinated upon EGF stimulation; which does not affect tyrosine kinase activity or signaling capacity but may play a role in lysosomal targeting (PubMed:27153536). Polyubiquitin linkage is mainly through 'Lys-63', but linkage through 'Lys-48', 'Lys-11' and 'Lys-29' also occurs. Deubiquitination by OTUD7B prevents degradation. Ubiquitinated by RNF115 and RNF126 (By similarity).PTM Palmitoylated on Cys residues by ZDHHC20. Palmitoylation inhibits internalization after ligand binding, and increases the persistence of tyrosine-phosphorylated EGFR at the cell membrane. Palmitoylation increases the amplitude and duration of EGFR signaling.PTM Methylated. Methylation at Arg-1199 by PRMT5 stimulates phosphorylation at Tyr-1197.SIMILARITY Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Tyr protein kinase family. EGF receptor subfamily. UniProt P00533 992 EQUAL O4'-phospho-L-tyrosine MOD MOD:00048 1045 EQUAL 1068 EQUAL 1086 EQUAL 1148 EQUAL 1173 EQUAL 25 EQUAL 1210 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 179803 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=179803 Reactome R-HSA-179803 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-179803.1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 179860 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=179860 Reactome R-HSA-179860 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-179860.1 2 Reactome Database ID Release 82 179882 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=179882 Reactome R-HSA-179882 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-179882.2 1 NICD3 NOTCH3(1662-2321) NICD 3 fragment N3ICD Reactome DB_ID: 157647 UniProt:Q9UM47 NOTCH3 NOTCH3 FUNCTION Functions as a receptor for membrane-bound ligands Jagged1, Jagged2 and Delta1 to regulate cell-fate determination (PubMed:15350543). Upon ligand activation through the released notch intracellular domain (NICD) it forms a transcriptional activator complex with RBPJ/RBPSUH and activates genes of the enhancer of split locus. Affects the implementation of differentiation, proliferation and apoptotic programs (By similarity).SUBUNIT Heterodimer of a C-terminal fragment N(TM) and a N-terminal fragment N(EC) which are probably linked by disulfide bonds (By similarity). Interacts with MAML1, MAML2 and MAML3 which act as transcriptional coactivators for NOTCH3. Interacts with PSMA1. Interacts with HIF1AN.TISSUE SPECIFICITY Ubiquitously expressed in fetal and adult tissues.DOMAIN The EGF-like domains 10 and 11 are required for binding the ligands JAG1 and DLL1.PTM Synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum as an inactive form which is proteolytically cleaved by a furin-like convertase in the trans-Golgi network before it reaches the plasma membrane to yield an active, ligand-accessible form. Cleavage results in a C-terminal fragment N(TM) and a N-terminal fragment N(EC). Following ligand binding, it is cleaved by TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) to yield a membrane-associated intermediate fragment called notch extracellular truncation (NEXT). This fragment is then cleaved by presenilin dependent gamma-secretase to release a notch-derived peptide containing the intracellular domain (NICD) from the membrane.PTM Phosphorylated.PTM Hydroxylated by HIF1AN.SIMILARITY Belongs to the NOTCH family. UniProt Q9UM47 1662 EQUAL 2321 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 157647 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=157647 Reactome R-HSA-157647 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-157647.1 1 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9018569 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9018569 Reactome R-HSA-9018569 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9018569.1 ADP Adenosine 5'-diphosphate ADP(3-) Reactome DB_ID: 29370 ADP(3-) [ChEBI:456216] ADP(3-) ADP 5'-O-[(phosphonatooxy)phosphinato]adenosine ADP trianion ChEBI CHEBI:456216 Reactome Database ID Release 82 29370 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=29370 Reactome R-ALL-29370 5 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-ALL-29370.5 COMPOUND C00008 p-Y-NICD3 p-Y-NOTCH3(1662-2321) p-Y-N3ICD Reactome DB_ID: 9018581 1662 EQUAL 2321 EQUAL Reactome Database ID Release 82 9018581 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9018581 Reactome R-HSA-9018581 1 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9018581.1 ACTIVATION activeUnit: #Complex2 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0004713 gene ontology term for cellular function MI MI:0355 Same Catalyst Activity Reactome Database ID Release 82 9018582 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9018582 Reactome Database ID Release 82 9018572 Database identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser?DB=gk_current&ID=9018572 Reactome R-HSA-9018572 2 Reactome stable identifier. Use this URL to connect to the web page of this instance in Reactome: http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=R-HSA-9018572.2 25125655 Pubmed 2014 EGFR blockade enriches for lung cancer stem-like cells through Notch3-dependent signaling Arasada, Rajeswara Rao Amann, Joseph M Rahman, Mohammad A Huppert, Stacey S Carbone, David P Cancer Res. 74:5572-84 GENE ONTOLOGY GO:0045746 gene ontology term for cellular process MI MI:0359