Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Results 1 to 10 of 167
Pathways (66) Reactions (47) Proteins (3) Others (51)
Protein: UniProt:P35354 PTGS2 (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 14:00:50

Pathway: Developmental Biology (Homo sapiens)
As a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are aspects of the roles of cell adhesion molecules in axonal guidance and myogenesis, of transcriptional regulation in hematopoiesis (specifically, B lymphopoiesis), pancreatic beta cell and whit
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Gene Expression (Homo sapiens)
Gene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are processed. Most annotation is centered on the generation of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) by regulated RNA polymerase II (PolII) transcription, although the activities of PolI and PolIII are also covered briefly, as are
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Disease (Homo sapiens)
Biological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular viewpoint, human disease pathways have three mechanistic causes: the inclusion of microbially-expressed proteins, altered functions of human proteins, or changed expression levels of otherwise functionally
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Signal Transduction (Homo sapiens)
Signal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such as hormones and growth factors, or reacting to other types of stimuli, such as light. Stimulation of transmembrane receptors leads to their conformational change which propagates the signal to the intracellu
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Metabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as the inactivation and elimination of toxic ones generated endogenously or present in the extracellular environment. The processes of energy metabolism can be classified into two groups according to whether the
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Immune System (Homo sapiens)
Humans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first critical hours and days of exposure to a new pathogen, our innate immune system
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Reaction: Aspirin acetylates PTGS2 (Homo sapiens)
Aspirin (acetylsalicylate) reacts spontaneously with one subunit of PTGS2 dimer (Dong et al. 2011) to acetylate serine residue 516 (Lecomte et al. 1994). The modified enzyme is no longer capable of catalyzing the conversion of arachidonic acid to PGH2, but acquires the ability to convert it to 15R-HETE
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Reaction: Arachidonic acid is oxidised to 15R-HETE by Acetyl-PTGS2 (Homo sapiens)
Aspirin acetylates the cyclooxygenase, prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2) aka COX2. The acetylated PTGS2 triggers the formation of 15R-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15R-HETE) from arachidonic acid (Claria & Serhan 1995)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Reaction: PTGS2 dimer binds celecoxib (Homo sapiens)
While closely similar, PTGS1 and 2 differ sufficiently in the structures of their active sites so that the latter enzyme selectively binds and is inhibited by celecoxib (Luong et al. 1996; Smith et al. 2000; Dong et al. 2011)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

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