Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Results 1 to 10 of 21
Pathways (8) Reactions (7) Proteins (1) Others (5)
Protein: UniProt:P41180 CASR (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 14:00:50

Pathway: Signal Transduction (Homo sapiens)
Signal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such as hormones and growth factors, or reacting to other types of stimuli, such as light. Stimulation of transmembrane receptors leads to their conformational change which propagates the signal to the intracellu
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Gastrin-CREB signalling pathway via PKC and MAPK (Homo sapiens)
Gastrin is a hormone whose main function is to stimulate secretion of hydrochloric acid by the gastric mucosa, which results in gastrin formation inhibition. This hormone also acts as a mitogenic factor for gastrointestinal epithelial cells. Gastrin has two biologically active peptide forms, G34 and G17.Gastrin gene expression is upregulated in both a number of pre-malignant conditions and in establish
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: GPCR downstream signaling (Homo sapiens)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it has become clear that this greatly oversimplifies the complexities of GPCR signaling (see Gurevich & Gurevich, 2008). The beta:gamma G-protein dimer is also involved in downstream signaling (Smrcka, 2008), a
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: GPCR ligand binding (Homo sapiens)
There are more than 800 G-protein coupled receptor (GPCRs) in the human genome, making it the largest receptor superfamily. GPCRs are also the largest class of drug targets, involved in virtually all physiological processes (Frederiksson 2003). GPCRs are receptors for a diverse range of ligands from large proteins to photons (Kristiansen et al. 2004) and have an equal diversity of ligand-binding mechan
Last changed: 2015-03-06 18:40:03

Pathway: Signaling by GPCR (Homo sapiens)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors in humans, accounting for more than 1% of the protein-coding capacity of the human genome. All known GPCRs share a common architecture of seven membrane-spanning helices connected by intra- and extracellular
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: G alpha (q) signalling events (Homo sapiens)
The classic signalling route for G alpha (q) is activation of phospholipase C beta thereby triggering phosphoinositide hydrolysis, calcium mobilization and protein kinase C activation. This provides a path to calcium-regulated kinases and phosphatases, GEFs, MAP kinase cassettes and other proteins that mediate cellular responses ranging from granule secretion, integrin activation, and aggregation in pl
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Class C/3 (Metabotropic glutamate/pheromone receptors) (Homo sapiens)
The class C G-protein-coupled receptors are a class of G-protein coupled receptors that include the metabotropic glutamate receptors and several additional receptors (Brauner-Osborne H et al, 2007). Family C GPCRs have a large extracellular N-terminus which binds the orthosteric (endogenous) ligand. The shape of this domain is often likened to a clam. Several allosteric ligands to these receptors have
Last changed: 2015-03-06 18:40:03

Pathway: G alpha (i) signalling events (Homo sapiens)
The classical signalling mechanism for G alpha (i) is inhibition of the cAMP dependent pathway through inhibition of adenylate cyclase. Decreased production of cAMP from ATP results in decreased activity of cAMP-dependent protein kinases
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Reaction: Liganded Gi-activating GPCR acts as a GEF for Gi (Homo sapiens)
The liganded receptor undergoes a conformational change, generating a signal that is propagated in a manner that is not completely understood to the the G-protein. This stimulates the exchange of GDP for GTP in the G-protein alpha subunit, activating the G-protein
Last changed: 2015-03-06 18:40:03

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