Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
All 6 results
Pathways (4) Reactions (1) Proteins (1) Others (0)
Protein: UniProt:O60658 PDE8A (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2014-11-26 10:20:21

Pathway: Signal Transduction (Homo sapiens)
Signal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such as hormones and growth factors, or reacting to other types of stimuli, such as light. Stimulation of transmembrane receptors leads to their conformational change which propagates the signal to the intracellu
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Signaling by GPCR (Homo sapiens)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; 7TM receptors; seven transmembrane domain receptors; heptahelical receptors; G protein-linked receptors [GPLR]) are the largest family of transmembrane receptors in humans, accounting for more than 1% of the protein-coding capacity of the human genome. All known GPCRs share a common architecture of seven membrane-spanning helices connected by intra- and extracellular
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: GPCR downstream signaling (Homo sapiens)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are classically defined as the receptor, G-protein and downstream effectors, the alpha subunit of the G-protein being the primary signaling molecule. However, it has become clear that this greatly oversimplifies the complexities of GPCR signaling (see Gurevich & Gurevich, 2008). The beta:gamma G-protein dimer is also involved in downstream signaling (Smrcka, 2008), a
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: G alpha (s) signalling events (Homo sapiens)
The general function of the G alpha (s) subunit (Gs) is to activate adenylate cyclase, which in turn produces cAMP, leading to the activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinases (often referred to collectively as Protein Kinase A). The signal from the ligand-stimulated GPCR is amplified because the receptor can activate several Gs heterotrimers before it is inactivated
Last changed: 2014-11-21 14:40:22

Reaction: cAMP degradation by Phosphodiesterases (Homo sapiens)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are a large family of enzymes that regulate signal transduction by the second messenger molecules cAMP and cGMP. Some PDEs are cAMP selective (PDE4, 7 and 8), some cGMP selective (PDE5, 6 and 9) while others can hydrolyse cAMP and cGMP (PDE1, 2, 3, 10 and 11). PDEs are important as drug targets: Sildenafil (Viagra) is an inhibitor of PDE5; Cilostazol (Pletal
Last changed: 2014-11-21 14:40:22