Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Results 1 to 10 of 37
Pathways (10) Reactions (14) Proteins (1) Others (12)
Protein: UniProt:P01568 IFNA21 (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2014-11-25 09:29:35

Pathway: Hemostasis (Homo sapiens)
Hemostasis is a physiological response that culminates in the arrest of bleeding from an injured vessel. Under normal conditions the vascular endothelium supports vasodilation, inhibits platelet adhesion and activation, suppresses coagulation, enhances fibrin cleavage and is anti-inflammatory in character. Under acute vascular trauma, vasoconstrictor mechanisms predominate and the endothelium becomes p
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Immune System (Homo sapiens)
Humans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first critical hours and days of exposure to a new pathogen, our innate immune system
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Cytokine Signaling in Immune system (Homo sapiens)
Cytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concentrations. Cytokines bind to specific membrane receptors, which then signal the cell via second messengers, to regulate cellular activity
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: RIG-I/MDA5 mediated induction of IFN-alpha/beta pathways (Homo sapiens)
RIG-I-like helicases (RLHs) the retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation associated gene 5 (MDA5) are RNA helicases that recognize viral RNA present within the cytoplasm. Functionally RIG-I and MDA5 positively regulate the IFN genes in a similar fashion, however they differ in their response to different viral species. RIG-I is essential for detecting influenza virus, Sendai
Last changed: 2014-11-21 14:40:22

Pathway: Interferon Signaling (Homo sapiens)
Interferons (IFNs) are cytokines that play a central role in initiating immune responses, especially antiviral and antitumor effects. There are three types of IFNs:Type I (IFN-alpha, -beta and others, such as omega, epsilon, and kappa), Type II (IFN-gamma) and Type III (IFN-lamda). In this module we are mainly focusing on type I IFNs alpha and beta and type II IFN-gamma. Both type I and type II IFNs ex
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Innate Immune System (Homo sapiens)
Innate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Factors involved in megakaryocyte development and platelet production (Homo sapiens)
Megakaryocytes (MKs) give rise to circulating platelets (thrombocytes) through terminal differentiation of MKs which release cytoplasmic fragments as circulating platelets. As MKs mature they undergo endoreduplication (polyploidisation) and expansion of cytoplasmic mass to cell sizes larger than 50-100 microns, and ploidy ranges up to 128 N. As MK's mature, the polyploid nucleus becomes horseshoe-shap
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Interferon alpha/beta signaling (Homo sapiens)
Type I interferons (IFNs) are composed of various genes including IFN alpha (IFNA), beta (IFNB), omega, epsilon, and kappa. In humans the IFNA genes are composed of more than 13 subfamily genes, whereas there is only one IFNB gene. The large family of IFNA/B proteins all bind to a single receptor which is composed of two distinct chains: IFNAR1 and IFNAR2. The IFNA/B stimulation of the IFNA receptor co
Last changed: 2014-11-21 06:36:34

Pathway: Regulation of IFNA signaling (Homo sapiens)
There are several proteins and mechanisms involved in controlling the extent of ligand stimulation of IFNA/B signaling. These mechanisms can effect every step of the IFNA/B cascade. Dephosphorylation of JAK and STAT by SHP protein phosphatases, inhibition of STAT function in the nucleus by protein inhibitors of activated STATs (PIAS) proteins, inhibition of tyrosine kinase activity of JAKs by SOCS as w
Last changed: 2014-11-21 06:36:34

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