Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Results 1 to 10 of 56
Pathways (12) Reactions (18) Proteins (1) Others (25)
Protein: UniProt:P02649 APOE (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 12:55:37

Pathway: Signal Transduction (Homo sapiens)
Signal transduction is a process in which extracellular signals elicit changes in cell state and activity. Transmembrane receptors sense changes in the cellular environment by binding ligands, such as hormones and growth factors, or reacting to other types of stimuli, such as light. Stimulation of transmembrane receptors leads to their conformational change which propagates the signal to the intracellu
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Metabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as the inactivation and elimination of toxic ones generated endogenously or present in the extracellular environment. The processes of energy metabolism can be classified into two groups according to whether the
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Vesicle-mediated transport (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Lipid digestion, mobilization, and transport (Homo sapiens)
Processes annotated here include the digestion of dietary lipids, sterol uptake, the formation and turnover of lipoproteins (chylomicrons, VLDL, LDL, and HDL), and the mobilization of fatty acids through the action of hormone-sensitive lipase
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Visual phototransduction (Homo sapiens)
Visual phototransduction is the process by which photon absorption by visual pigment molecules in photoreceptor cells is converted to an electrical cellular response. The events in this process are photochemical, biochemical and electrophysiological and are highly conserved across many species. This process occurs in two types of photoreceptors in the retina, rods and cones. Each type consists of two p
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Binding and Uptake of Ligands by Scavenger Receptors (Homo sapiens)
Scavenger receptors bind free extracellular ligands as the initial step in clearance of the ligands from the body (reviewed in Ascenzi et al. 2005, Areschoug and Gordon 2009, Nielsen et al. 2010). Some scavenger receptors, such as the CD163-haptoglobin system, are specific for only one ligand. Others, such as the SCARA receptors (SR-A receptors) are less specific, binding several ligands which share a
Last changed: 2015-03-06 18:40:03

Pathway: Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins (Homo sapiens)
Lipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphingolipids, eicosanoids, cholesterol, bile salts, steroid hormones, and fat-soluble vitamins. They function as a major source of energy (fatty acids, triacylglycerols, and ketone bodies), are major constitue
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Chylomicron-mediated lipid transport (Homo sapiens)
Chylomicrons transport triacylglycerol, phospholipid, and cholesterol derived from dietary lipid from the small intestine to other tissues of the body. Each chylomicron assembles around a single molecule of apolipoprotein B-48 (Phillips et al. 1997) which at the time the particle leaves the intestine and enters the lymphatic circulation is complexed with >200,000 molecules of triacylglycerol (TG), ~35,
Last changed: 2015-03-06 18:40:03

Pathway: Retinoid metabolism and transport (Homo sapiens)
Vitamin A (all-trans-retinol) must be taken up, either as carotenes from plants, or as retinyl esters from animal food. The most prominent carotenes are alpha-carotene, lycopene, lutein, beta-cryptoxanthine, and especially beta-carotene. After uptake they are mostly broken down to retinal. Retinyl esters are hydrolysed like other fats. In enterocytes, retinoids bind to retinol-binding protein (RBP). Tr
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

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