Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Results 1 to 10 of 11
Pathways (6) Reactions (2) Proteins (1) Others (2)
Protein: UniProt:P09211 GSTP1 (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 14:00:50

Pathway: Metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Metabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as the inactivation and elimination of toxic ones generated endogenously or present in the extracellular environment. The processes of energy metabolism can be classified into two groups according to whether the
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Cellular responses to stress (Homo sapiens)
Cells are subject to external molecular and physical stresses such as foreign molecules that perturb metabolic or signaling processes, and changes in temperature or pH. The ability of cells and tissues to modulate molecular processes in response to such external stresses is essential to the maintenance of tissue homeostasis (Kultz 2005)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Phase II conjugation (Homo sapiens)
Phase II of biotransformation is concerned with conjugation , that is using groups from cofactors to react with functional groups present or introduced from phase I on the compound. The enzymes involved are a set of transferases which perform the transfer of the cofactor group to the substrate. The resultant conjugation results in greatly increasing the excretory potential of compounds. Al
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Biological oxidations (Homo sapiens)
All organisms are constantly exposed to foreign chemicals every day. These can be man-made (drugs, industrial chemicals) or natural (alkaloids, toxins from plants and animals). Uptake is usually via ingestion but inhalation and transdermal routes are also common. The very nature of many chemicals that make them suitable for uptake by these routes, in other words their lipophilicty (favours fat so
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Detoxification of Reactive Oxygen Species (Homo sapiens)
Reactive oxygen species such as superoxide (O2.-), peroxides (ROOR), singlet oxygen, peroxynitrite (ONOO-), and hydroxyl radical (OH.) are generated by cellular processes such as respiration (reviewed in Murphy 2009, Brand 2010) and redox enzymes and are required for signaling yet they are damaging due to their high reactivity (reviewed in Imlay 2008, Buettner 2011, Kavdia 2011, Birben et al. 2012, Ray
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Glutathione conjugation (Homo sapiens)
Glutathione S-Transferases (GSTs; EC are another major set of phase II conjugation enzymes. They can be found in the cytosol as well as being microsomal membrane-bound. Cytosolic GSTs are encoded by at least 5 gene families (alpha, mu, pi, theta and zeta GST) whereas membrane-bound enzymes are encoded by single genes. Soluble GSTs are homo- or hetero-dimeric enzymes (approximately 25KDa subu
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Reaction: PRDX6:GSTP1 catalyzes 2 glutathione, reduced + H2O2 => glutathione, oxidized + 2 H2O (Homo sapiens)
Peroxiredoxin 6 (PRDX6) forms a heterodimer with GSTP1 (Pi Glutathione transferase) and catalyzes the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by glutathione to yield oxidized glutathione and water (Ralat et al. 2006, Ralat et al. 2008, Zhou et al. 2013)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Reaction: GST dimers conjugate GSH with cytosolic substrates (Homo sapiens)
The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) catalyze the nucleophilic attack by reduced glutathione (GSH) on nonpolar compounds that contain an electrophilic carbon, nitrogen, or sulphur atom. Their substrates include halogenonitrobenzenes, arene oxides, quinones, and alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyls. Three major families of proteins are widely distributed in nature. Two of these, the cytosolic and mitochon
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Complex: PRDX6:GSTP1 [cytosol] (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2013-05-12 04:04:06

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