Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
All 9 results
Pathways (5) Reactions (2) Proteins (1) Others (1)
Protein: UniProt:P15259 PGAM2 (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-10 08:59:22

Pathway: Metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Metabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as the inactivation and elimination of toxic ones generated endogenously or present in the extracellular environment. The processes of energy metabolism can be classified into two groups according to whether the
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Metabolism of carbohydrates (Homo sapiens)
These pathways together are responsible for: 1) the extraction of energy and carbon skeletons for biosyntheses from dietary sugars and related molecules; 2) the short-term storage of glucose in the body (as glycogen) and its mobilization during a short fast; and 3) the synthesis of glucose from pyruvate during extended fasts
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Gluconeogenesis (Homo sapiens)
The reactions of gluconeogenesis convert mitochondrial pyruvate to cytosolic glucose 6-phosphate which in turn can be hydrolyzed to glucose and exported from the cell. Gluconeogenesis is confined to cells of the liver and kidney and enables glucose synthesis from molecules such as lactate and alanine and other amino acids when exogenous glucose is not available (reviewed, e.g., by Gerich 1993). The pro
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Glucose metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Glucose is the major form in which dietary sugars are made available to cells of the human body. Its breakdown is a major source of energy for all cells, and is essential for the brain and red blood cells. Glucose utilization begins with its uptake by cells and conversion to glucose 6-phosphate, which cannot traverse the cell membrane. Fates open to cytosolic glucose 6-phosphate include glycolysis to y
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Glycolysis (Homo sapiens)
The reactions of glycolysis (e.g., van Wijk and van Solinge 2005) convert glucose 6-phosphate to pyruvate. The entire process is cytosolic. Glucose 6-phosphate is reversibly isomerized to form fructose 6-phosphate. Phosphofructokinase 1 catalyzes the physiologically irreversible phosphorylation of fructose 6-phosphate to form fructose 1,6-bisphosphate. In six reversible reactions, fructose 1,6-bisphosp
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Reaction: 3-Phospho-D-glycerate <=> 2-Phospho-D-glycerate (Homo sapiens)
Cytosolic phosphoglycerate mutase catalyzes the reversible isomerisation of 3- and 2-phosphoglycerate. The active form of the enzyme is a dimer. There are two isoforms of this enzyme, PGAM1 (isoform B, widely expressed in non-muscle tissue) and PGAM2 (isoform M, expressed in muscle) (Blouquit et al. 1988; Omenn and Cheung 1974; Repiso et al. 2005; Tsujino et al. 1993)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Reaction: 2-Phospho-D-glycerate <=> 3-Phospho-D-glycerate (Homo sapiens)
Cytosolic phosphoglycerate mutase dimer catalyzes the reversible isomerisation of 2- and 3-phosphoglycerate. There are two isoforms of this enzyme, PGAM1 (isoform B) and PGAM2 (isoform M). In the body, erythrocytes express only PGAM1, while skeletal muscle expresses only PGAM2. Other tissues express both isoforms (Repiso et al. 2005; Tsujino et al. 1993)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 13:50:51

Complex: phosphoglycerate mutase 2 dimer [cytosol] (Homo sapiens)
phosphoglycerate mutase 2 dimer; bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase 2 dimer
Last changed: 2009-12-16 23:26:50