Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Results 1 to 10 of 13
Pathways (7) Reactions (3) Proteins (1) Others (2)
Protein: UniProt:P23219 PTGS1 (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 14:00:50

Pathway: Metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Metabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as the inactivation and elimination of toxic ones generated endogenously or present in the extracellular environment. The processes of energy metabolism can be classified into two groups according to whether the
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Arachidonic acid metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Eicosanoids, oxygenated, 20-carbon fatty acids, are autocrine and paracrine signaling molecules that modulate physiological processes including pain, fever, inflammation, blood clot formation, smooth muscle contraction and relaxation, and the release of gastric acid. Eicosanoids are synthesized in humans primarily from arachidonic acid (all-cis 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid) that is released from me
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Biological oxidations (Homo sapiens)
All organisms are constantly exposed to foreign chemicals every day. These can be man-made (drugs, industrial chemicals) or natural (alkaloids, toxins from plants and animals). Uptake is usually via ingestion but inhalation and transdermal routes are also common. The very nature of many chemicals that make them suitable for uptake by these routes, in other words their lipophilicty (favours fat so
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins (Homo sapiens)
Lipids are hydrophobic but otherwise chemically diverse molecules that play a wide variety of roles in human biology. They include ketone bodies, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, phospholipids and sphingolipids, eicosanoids, cholesterol, bile salts, steroid hormones, and fat-soluble vitamins. They function as a major source of energy (fatty acids, triacylglycerols, and ketone bodies), are major constitue
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Phase 1 - Functionalization of compounds (Homo sapiens)
Phase 1 of metabolism is concerned with functionalization , that is the introduction or exposure of functional groups on the chemical structure of a compound. This provides a 'handle' for phase 2 conjugating species with which to react with. Many xenobiotics are lipophilic and almost chemically inert (e.g. PAHs) so would not necessarily undergo a phase 2 reaction. Making them more chemical
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: COX reactions (Homo sapiens)
Arachidonic acid (AA) is a 20 carbon unsaturated fatty acid which is present in the lipid bilayer of all mammalian cells. AA is released from the membrane by phospholipases, thus making it available for conversion to bioactive lipids. The cyclooxygenase pathway is one of three pathways (the others being lipoxygenase and P450 monooxygenase pathways) that perform this conversion.\n\nThe enzyme that acts
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Pathway: Synthesis of Prostaglandins (PG) and Thromboxanes (TX) (Homo sapiens)
The bioactive prostaglandin (PG) signalling molecules, including PGA2, PGE2, PGF2a, and PGI2 (prostacyclin) are synthesised from arachidonic acid and its products by various prostaglandin synthase type enzymes. Prostaglandin H2 (PGH2) is the starting point for the synthesis of Thromboxanes (TXs) (Buczynski et al. 2009, Vance & Vance 2008). PGs and TXs are collectively known as the prostanoids. Two e
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Reaction: Aspirin acetylates PTGS1 (Homo sapiens)
Aspirin (acetylsalicylate) reacts spontaneously with one subunit of PTGS1 dimer to acetylate serine residue 516. The modified enzyme is no longer capable of catalyzing the conversion of arachidonic acid to PGH2. The identity of the acetylated residue is inferred from data for the humann PTGS2 enzyme (Lecomte et al. 1994) and the ovine PGHS1 enzyme (Loll et al. 1995)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Reaction: Arachidonic acid is oxidised to PGG2 by PTGS1 (Homo sapiens)
Prostaglandin G/H synthase PTGS1 exhibits a dual catalytic activity, a cyclooxygenase and a peroxidase. The cyclooxygenase function catalyzes the initial conversion of arachidonic acid to an intermediate, prostaglandin G2 (PGG2) (Hamberg et al. 1974, Nugteren 1973)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

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