Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Results 1 to 10 of 16
Pathways (9) Reactions (3) Proteins (3) Others (1)
Protein: UniProt:P30613 PKLR (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 12:55:37

Pathway: Metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Metabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as the inactivation and elimination of toxic ones generated endogenously or present in the extracellular environment. The processes of energy metabolism can be classified into two groups according to whether the
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Developmental Biology (Homo sapiens)
As a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are aspects of the roles of cell adhesion molecules in axonal guidance and myogenesis, of transcriptional regulation in hematopoiesis (specifically, B lymphopoiesis), pancreatic beta cell and whit
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Metabolism of carbohydrates (Homo sapiens)
These pathways together are responsible for: 1) the extraction of energy and carbon skeletons for biosyntheses from dietary sugars and related molecules; 2) the short-term storage of glucose in the body (as glycogen) and its mobilization during a short fast; and 3) the synthesis of glucose from pyruvate during extended fasts
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Regulation of beta-cell development (Homo sapiens)
The normal development of the pancreas during gestation has been intensively investigated over the past decade especially in the mouse (Servitja and Ferrer 2004; Chakrabarti and Mirmira 2003). Studies of genetic defects associated with maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) has provided direct insight into these processes as they take place in humans (Fajans et al. 2001). During embryogenesis, com
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Integration of energy metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Many hormones that affect individual physiological processes including the regulation of appetite, absorption, transport, and oxidation of foodstuffs influence energy metabolism pathways. While insulin mediates the storage of excess nutrients, glucagon is involved in the mobilization of energy resources in response to low blood glucose levels, principally by stimulating hepatic glucose ou
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Protein: UniProt:P30613-1 PKLR (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 12:55:37

Protein: UniProt:P30613-2 PKLR (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 12:55:37

Pathway: Regulation of gene expression in beta cells (Homo sapiens)
Two transcription factors, PDX1 and HNF1A, play key roles in maintaining the gene expression pattern characteristic of mature beta cells in the endocrine pancreas. Targets of these regulatory molecules include genes encoding insulin, the GLUT2 glucose transporter, the liver- (and pancreas) specific form of pyruvate kinase and other transcription factors including HNF4A, HNF4G, and FOXA3. PDX1 expressio
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Glucose metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Glucose is the major form in which dietary sugars are made available to cells of the human body. Its breakdown is a major source of energy for all cells, and is essential for the brain and red blood cells. Glucose utilization begins with its uptake by cells and conversion to glucose 6-phosphate, which cannot traverse the cell membrane. Fates open to cytosolic glucose 6-phosphate include glycolysis to y
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

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