Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
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Pathways (8) Reactions (1) Proteins (1) Others (1)
Protein: UniProt:Q16851 UGP2 (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-10 08:59:22

Pathway: Metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Metabolic processes in human cells generate energy through the oxidation of molecules consumed in the diet and mediate the synthesis of diverse essential molecules not taken in the diet as well as the inactivation and elimination of toxic ones generated endogenously or present in the extracellular environment. The processes of energy metabolism can be classified into two groups according to whether the
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Phase II conjugation (Homo sapiens)
Phase II of biotransformation is concerned with conjugation , that is using groups from cofactors to react with functional groups present or introduced from phase I on the compound. The enzymes involved are a set of transferases which perform the transfer of the cofactor group to the substrate. The resultant conjugation results in greatly increasing the excretory potential of compounds. Al
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Metabolism of carbohydrates (Homo sapiens)
These pathways together are responsible for: 1) the extraction of energy and carbon skeletons for biosyntheses from dietary sugars and related molecules; 2) the short-term storage of glucose in the body (as glycogen) and its mobilization during a short fast; and 3) the synthesis of glucose from pyruvate during extended fasts
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Biological oxidations (Homo sapiens)
All organisms are constantly exposed to foreign chemicals every day. These can be man-made (drugs, industrial chemicals) or natural (alkaloids, toxins from plants and animals). Uptake is usually via ingestion but inhalation and transdermal routes are also common. The very nature of many chemicals that make them suitable for uptake by these routes, in other words their lipophilicty (favours fat so
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Formation of the active cofactor, UDP-glucuronate (Homo sapiens)
Glucose 1-phosphate and UTP are the precursors to UDP-glucuronate formation. After oxidation of the resultant complex, UDP-glucuronate is transported to the ER lumen
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Glycogen synthesis (Homo sapiens)
Glycogen, a highly branched glucose polymer, is formed and broken down in most human tissues, but is most abundant in liver and muscle, where it serves as a major stored fuel. Glycogen metabolism has been studied in most detail in muscle, although considerable experimental data are available concerning these reactions in liver as well. Glycogen metabolism in other tissues has not been studied as extens
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Glucose metabolism (Homo sapiens)
Glucose is the major form in which dietary sugars are made available to cells of the human body. Its breakdown is a major source of energy for all cells, and is essential for the brain and red blood cells. Glucose utilization begins with its uptake by cells and conversion to glucose 6-phosphate, which cannot traverse the cell membrane. Fates open to cytosolic glucose 6-phosphate include glycolysis to y
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Glucuronidation (Homo sapiens)
Glucuronidation conjugation utilizes UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs; EC 2.4.1.17) to catalyze a wide range of diverse endogenous and xenobiotic compounds. Glucuronidation is the major pathway in phase II metabolism and accounts for approximately 35% of drug conjugation. UGTs are microsomal membrane-bound and catalyze the transfer of a glucuronate group of uridine diphosphoglucuronate (UDPGA, a co-s
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Reaction: UTP + D-glucose 1-phosphate <=> pyrophosphate + UDP-glucose (Homo sapiens)
Cytosolic UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase 2 (UGP2) catalyzes the reaction of UTP and glucose 1-phosphate to form UDP glucose and pyrophosphate (Knop and Hansen 1970; Duggleby et al. 1996). UGP2 is inferred to occur in the cell as a homooctamer from studies of its bovine homologue (Levine et al. 1969)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

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