Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
All 8 results
Pathways (4) Reactions (3) Proteins (1) Others (0)
Protein: UniProt:Q9GZT9 EGLN1 (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 14:00:50

Pathway: Cellular responses to stress (Homo sapiens)
Cells are subject to external molecular and physical stresses such as foreign molecules that perturb metabolic or signaling processes, and changes in temperature or pH. The ability of cells and tissues to modulate molecular processes in response to such external stresses is essential to the maintenance of tissue homeostasis (Kultz 2005)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Regulation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor (HIF) by oxygen (Homo sapiens)
In the presence of oxygen members of the transcription factor family HIF-alpha, comprising HIF1A, HIF2A (EPAS1), and HIF3A, are hydroxylated on proline residues by PHD1 (EGLN2), PHD2 (EGLN1), and PHD3 (EGLN3) and on asparagine residues by HIF1AN (FIH) (reviewed in Pouyssegur et al. 2006, Semenza 2007, Kaelin and Ratcliffe 2008, Nizet and Johnson 2009, Brahimi-Horn and Pouyssegur 2009, Majmundar et al.
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Pathway: Cellular response to hypoxia (Homo sapiens)
Oxygen plays a central role in the functioning of human cells: it is both essential for normal metabolism and toxic. To begin the annotation of stress responses in Reactome, we have annotated one aspect of cellular responses to oxygen (Semenza 2004), the role of hypoxia-inducible factor in regulating cellular transcriptional responses to changes in oxygen availability
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Pathway: Oxygen-dependent proline hydroxylation of Hypoxia-inducible Factor Alpha (Homo sapiens)
HIF-alpha subunits, comprising HIF1A (Bruick and McKnight 2001, Ivan et al. 2001, Jaakkola et al. 2001), HIF2A (Percy et al. 2008, Furlow et al. 2009), and HIF3A (Maynard et al. 2003), are hydroxylated at proline residues by the prolyl hydroxylases PHD1 (EGLN2), PHD2 (EGLN1), and PHD3 (EGLN3) (Bruick and McKnight 2001, Berra et al. 2003, Hirsila et al. 2003, Metzen et al. 2003, Tuckerman et al. 2004, A
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Reaction: Cytosolic PHD2,3 hydroxylates proline residues on HIF3A (Homo sapiens)
Proline hydroxylases PHD2 (EGLN1) and PHD3 (EGLN3) located in the cytosol (Metzen et al. 2003) hydroxylate HIF3A at proline-492 (Hirsila et al. 2003, Maynard et al. 2003). A portion of PHD3 (EGLN3) is also located in the nucleus (Rantanen et al. 2008)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Reaction: Cytosolic PHD2,3 hydroxylates proline residues on HIF1A (Homo sapiens)
Proline hydroxylases PHD2 (EGLN1) and PHD3 (EGLN3) located in the cytosol (Metzen et al. 2003) hydroxylate HIF1A at proline-402 and proline-564 (Bruick and McKnight 2001, Jaakkola et al. 2001, Ivan et al. 2001, Ivan et al. 2002, Berra et al. 2003, Hirsila et al. 2003, Appelhoff et al. 2004, Tuckerman et al. 2004, Fedulova et al. 2007, Tian et al. 2011). A portion of PHD3 (EGLN3) is also located in the
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16

Reaction: Cytosolic PHD2,3 hydroxylates proline residues on EPAS1 (HIF2A) (Homo sapiens)
Proline hydroxylases PHD2 (EGLN1) and PHD3 (EGLN3) located in the cytosol (Metzen et al. 2003) hydroxylate EPAS1 (HIF2A) at proline-405 and proline-531 (Hirsila et al. 2003, Percy et al. 2008, Furlow et al. 2009). A portion of PHD3 (EGLN3) is also located in the nucleus (Rantanen et al. 2008)
Last changed: 2015-03-06 10:40:16