Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Results 1 to 10 of 120
Pathways (27) Reactions (43) Proteins (1) Others (49)
Protein: UniProt:Q9NWZ3 IRAK4 (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2015-03-12 14:00:50

Pathway: Disease (Homo sapiens)
Biological processes are captured in Reactome by identifying the molecules (DNA, RNA, protein, small molecules) involved in them and describing the details of their interactions. From this molecular viewpoint, human disease pathways have three mechanistic causes: the inclusion of microbially-expressed proteins, altered functions of human proteins, or changed expression levels of otherwise functionally
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Immune System (Homo sapiens)
Humans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first critical hours and days of exposure to a new pathogen, our innate immune system
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Diseases associated with the TLR signaling cascade (Homo sapiens)
Toll like receptors (TLRs) are sensors of the innate immune system that detect danger signals derived from pathogens (pathogen-associated molecular patterns - PAMP) or damaged cells (damage-associated molecular patterns - DAMP) (Pasare C and Medzhitov R 2005; Barton GM and Kagan JC 2009; Kawai T and Akira S 2010). Signaling by these sensors promotes the activation and nuclear translocation of transcrip
Last changed: 2015-02-19 21:30:08

Pathway: Toll-Like Receptors Cascades (Homo sapiens)
In human, ten members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family (TLR1-TLR10) have been identified (TLR11 has been found in mouse, but not in human). All TLRs have a similar Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain in their cytoplasmic region and an Ig-like domain in the extracellular region, where each is enriched with a varying number of leucine-rich repeats (LRRs). Each TLR can recognize specific microbial patho
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: Interleukin-1 signaling (Homo sapiens)
Interleukin 1 (IL1) signals via Interleukin 1 receptor 1 (IL1R1), the only signaling-capable IL1 receptor. This is a single chain type 1 transmembrane protein comprising an extracellular ligand binding domain and an intracellular region called the Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain that is structurally conserved and shared by other members of the two families of receptors (Xu et al. 2000). This
Last changed: 2015-03-06 18:40:03

Pathway: IRAK4 deficiency (TLR2/4) (Homo sapiens)
Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) is a serine/threonine kinase, that mediates activation of transcriptional factors such as NFkB and AP1 downstream of IL-1 receptors and all toll like receptors (TLR) except for TLR3 (Suzuki N et al. 2002). IRAK4 is recruited to the TLR receptor complex through a homophilic interaction of the death domains of IRAK4 and adaptor myeloid differentiation fa
Last changed: 2015-02-16 22:07:24

Pathway: Cytokine Signaling in Immune system (Homo sapiens)
Cytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concentrations. Cytokines bind to specific membrane receptors, which then signal the cell via second messengers, to regulate cellular activity
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome (Homo sapiens)
Upon binding of their ligands, TLR7/8 and TLR9 recruit a cytoplasmic adaptor MyD88 and IRAKs, downstream of which the signaling pathways are divided to induce either inflammatory cytokines or type I IFNs
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

Pathway: MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane (Homo sapiens)
The first known downstream component of TLR4 and TLR2 signaling is the adaptor MyD88. Another adapter MyD88-adaptor-like (Mal; also known as TIR-domain-containing adaptor protein or TIRAP) has also been described for TLR4 and TLR2 signaling. MyD88 comprises an N-terminal Death Domain (DD) and a C-terminal TIR, whereas Mal lacks the DD. The TIR homotypic interactions bring adapters into contact with the
Last changed: 2015-03-06 23:15:47

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next >
Show all results