Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Results 1 to 10 of 109
Pathways (20) Reactions (43) Proteins (1) Others (45)
Protein: UniProt:Q9NWZ3 IRAK4 (Homo sapiens)
Last changed: 2014-11-26 10:20:21

Pathway: Immune System (Homo sapiens)
Humans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first critical hours and days of exposure to a new pathogen, our innate immune system
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Toll-Like Receptors Cascades (Homo sapiens)
In human, ten members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family (TLR1-TLR10) have been identified (TLR11 has been found in mouse, but not in human). All TLRs have a similar Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain in their cytoplasmic region and an Ig-like domain in the extracellular region, where each is enriched with a varying number of leucine-rich repeats (LRRs). Each TLR can recognize specific microbial patho
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Interleukin-1 signaling (Homo sapiens)
Interleukin 1 (IL1) signals via Interleukin 1 receptor 1 (IL1R1), the only signaling-capable IL1 receptor. This is a single chain type 1 transmembrane protein comprising an extracellular ligand binding domain and an intracellular region called the Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain that is structurally conserved and shared by other members of the two families of receptors (Xu et al. 2000). This
Last changed: 2014-11-21 14:40:22

Pathway: Cytokine Signaling in Immune system (Homo sapiens)
Cytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concentrations. Cytokines bind to specific membrane receptors, which then signal the cell via second messengers, to regulate cellular activity
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome (Homo sapiens)
Upon binding of their ligands, TLR7/8 and TLR9 recruit a cytoplasmic adaptor MyD88 and IRAKs, downstream of which the signaling pathways are divided to induce either inflammatory cytokines or type I IFNs
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane (Homo sapiens)
The first known downstream component of TLR4 and TLR2 signaling is the adaptor MyD88. Another adapter MyD88-adaptor-like (Mal; also known as TIR-domain-containing adaptor protein or TIRAP) has also been described for TLR4 and TLR2 signaling. MyD88 comprises an N-terminal Death Domain (DD) and a C-terminal TIR, whereas Mal lacks the DD. The TIR homotypic interactions bring adapters into contact with the
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Signaling by Interleukins (Homo sapiens)
Interleukins are low molecular weight proteins that bind to cell surface receptors and act in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. They were first identified as factors produced by leukocytes but are now known to be produced by many other cells throughout the body. They have pleiotropic effects on cells which bind them, impacting processes such as tissue growth and repair, hematopoietic homeostasis,
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: Innate Immune System (Homo sapiens)
Innate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

Pathway: MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane (Homo sapiens)
Mammalian myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is Toll/interleukin (IL)-1 (TIR)-domain containing adapter protein which plays crucial role in TLR signaling. All TLRs, with only one exception of TLR3, can initiate downstream signaling trough MyD88. In the MyD88 - dependent pathway, once the adaptor is bound to TLR it leads to recruitment of IL1 receptor associated kinase family IRAK which is fo
Last changed: 2014-11-21 19:49:01

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