Chemical synapses are specialized junctions that are used for communication between neurons, neurons and muscle or gland cells. The synapse involves a pre-synaptic neuron and a post-synaptic neuron, muscle cell or glad cell. The pre and the post-synaptic cell are separated by a gap of 20nm called the synaptic cleft. The signals pass in a unidirection from pre-synaptic to post-synaptic. The pre-synaptic neuron communicates via the release of neurotransmitter which bind the receptors on the post-synaptic cell.
|GO Biological Process||synaptic transmission (0007268)|
|Neuroscience 2nd Edition||Sinauer Associates, Inc., P.O. Box 407 23 Plumtree Road, Sunderland, MA 01375 U.S.A.||2001|