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Disinhibition of SNARE formation

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-114516
Type
Pathway
Species
Homo sapiens
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

The SNARE (SNAp REceptor) family of proteins are critical components of the machinery required for membrane fusion (Söllner et al. 1993, Wu et al. 2017). SNAREs can be grouped into three broad subfamilies: synaptosomal-associated proteins (SNAPs), vesicle-associated membrane proteins (VAMPs) and syntaxins. SNAPs contain two SNARE motifs and lack transmembrane domains, instead they are anchored to the membrane by thioester-linked acyl groups (Hong 2005). VAMPS or R-SNAREs have two subfamilies: short VAMPs or brevins and long VAMPs or longins. Syntaxins are evolutionarily less-well conserved, but except STX11 are transmembrane proteins (Hong 2005). Several SNARE proteins including Syntaxin-2 (STX2), STX4, STX11 and Vesicle-associated membrane protein 8 (VAMP8) are thought to be involved in platelet granule secretion (Golebiewska et al. 2013).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
29066949 Regulation of Exocytotic Fusion Pores by SNARE Protein Transmembrane Domains Front Mol Neurosci 2017
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