Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database

Phospho R-SMAD(SMAD2/3):CO-SMAD(SMAD4):FOXH1 binds Activin Response Element (R-HSA-1225919) [Homo sapiens]


SMAD2 and SMAD3 do not bind DNA efficiently. They must interact with DNA-binding proteins to activate transcription. FOXH1 interacts with phospho-SMAD2 and phospho-SMAD3 complexed with CO-SMAD (SMAD4) at promoters containing the Activin Response Element (Zhou et al. 1998, Yanagisawa et al. 2000, inferred from Xenopus in Chen et al. 1996, Chen et al. 1997, Yeo et al. 1999). Follicle-stimulating hormone beta subunit (FSHB) and the Lim1 homeobox gene (LXH1) are examples of genes regulated by Activin.

Additional Information
Compartment nucleoplasm
This entry is regulated by
Regulation type Name