Cytokines are small proteins that regulate and mediate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They are secreted in response to immune stimuli, and usually act briefly, locally, at very low concentrations. Cytokines bind to specific membrane receptors, which then signal the cell via second messengers, to regulate cellular activity.
|IMMPORT:Bioinformatics for the future of immunology|
|12613569||Cytokines and chemokines in autoimmune disease: an overview||Adv Exp Med Biol||2003|