Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
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Addition of the fourth nucleotide on the nascent HIV-1 transcript: Second Transition

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-167113
Type
Reaction
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

Formation of the third phosphodiester bond creates a 4-nt product. This commits the initiation complex to promoter escape. The short 4-nt transcript is still loosely associated with the RNA polymerase II initiation complex and can dissociate to yield abortive products, which are not further extended. Inhibition of ATP-hydrolysis by TFIIH does not lead to collapse of the open region any longer. The transcription complex has lost the sensitivity to single-stranded oligo-nucleotide inhibition. However, ATP-hydrolysis and TFIIH are required for efficient promoter escape. The open region ("transcription bubble") expands concomitant with the site of RNA-extension. In this case this region spans positions -9 to +4.

Literature References
Participants
Participant Of
This entity is regulated by:
Title Physical Entity Activity
DNA-directed RNA polymerase activity of RNA Polymerase II (unphosphorylated):TFIIF complex [nucleoplasm] RNA Polymerase II (unphosphorylated):TFIIF complex [nucleoplasm] DNA-directed RNA polymerase activity (0003899)
helicase activity of TFIIH [nucleoplasm] TFIIH [nucleoplasm] helicase activity (0004386)
Inferred From
Disease
Diseases
Name Identifier Synonyms