Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Attention
The EBI data centre will be shutting down from the afternoon (BST) of Friday 26th August until the afternoon of Tuesday 30th August 2016 for essential maintenance. This might have an impact on some Reactome services and we apologize for any inconvenience.

Vpu mediated degradation of CD4

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-180534
Type
Pathway
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

The HIV-1 Vpu protein promotes the degradation of the CD4 receptor by recruiting an SCF like ubiquitination complex that promotes CD4 degradation. Vpu links beta-TrCP to CD4 at the ER membrane through interactions with beta-TrCP and the cytoplasmic tail of CD4. The SKP1 component of the SCF complex is then recruited to the Vpu:beta-TrCP:CD4 promoting ubiquitination and subsequent proteasome-mediated degradation of CD4 (reviewed in Li et al., 2005). Vpu has also been shown to also increases progeny virus secretion from infected cells. Although the precise role of Vpu in this process is not yet known, it may affect ion conductive membrane pore formation and/or interference with TASK-1, an acid-sensitive K+ channel that inhibits virion release in some cells (see references in Li et al., 2005).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
Participants
Participant Of
Disease
Diseases
Name Identifier Synonyms