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Digestion of dietary carbohydrate

Stable Identifier
Homo sapiens
Locations in the PathwayBrowser

Carbohydrate is a major component of the human diet, and includes starch (amylose and amylopectin) and disaccharides such as sucrose, lactose, maltose and, in small amounts, trehalose. The digestion of starch begins with the action of amylase enzymes secreted in the saliva and small intestine, which convert it to maltotriose, maltose, limit dextrins, and some glucose. Digestion of the limit dextrins and disaccharides, both dietary and starch-derived, to monosaccharides - glucose, galactose, and fructose - is accomplished by enzymes located on the luminal surfaces of enterocytes lining the microvilli of the small intestine (Van Beers et al. 1995).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
7555019 Intestinal brush border glycohydrolases: structure, function, and development Crit. Rev. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 1995
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