Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database

Gelatin degradation by MMP19

Stable Identifier
Homo sapiens
Locations in the PathwayBrowser

Gelatin is formed when collagen becomes partly or completely uncoiled when compared with the regular triple helix structure of fibrillar collagen. In vivo, once collagens are initially cleaved into clasical 3/4 and 1/4 fragments (by collagenases) they rapidly denature at body temperature and are degraded by gelatinases and other nonspecific tissue proteinases (Chung et al. 2004) to a semi-solid colloid gel. MMP2 and MMP9 are the major gelatinases (Collier et al. 1988, Wilhelm et al. 1989) often referred to respectively as Gelatinase A and Gelatinase B (Murphy & Crabbe 1995). However many other MMPs have gelatinase activity, including MMP1 (Murphy et al. 1982, Isaksen & Fagerhol 2001, Chung et al. 2004), MMP3 (Chin et al. 1985, Isaksen & Fagerhol 2001), MMP7 (Isaksen & Fagerhol 2001), MMP8 (Isaksen & Fagerhol 2001) MMP10 (Sanches-Lopez et al. 1993), MMP12 (Chandler et al. 1996), MMP13 (Knäuper et al. 1993, Isaksen & Fagerhol 2001), MMP16 (Shofuda et al. 1997), MMP17 (Wang et al. 1999), MMP18 (Spinucci et al. 1988), MMP19 (Stracke et al. 2000) and MMP22 (Yang & Kurkinen 1998).

Participant Of
This entity is regulated by:
Title Physical Entity Activity
serine-type endopeptidase activity of MMP19 [extracellular region] MMP19 [extracellular region] serine-type endopeptidase activity (0004252)
Inferred From