Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
The EBI data centre will be shutting down from the afternoon (BST) of Friday 26th August until the afternoon of Tuesday 30th August 2016 for essential maintenance. This might have an impact on some Reactome services and we apologize for any inconvenience.

PD-1 signaling

Stable Identifier
Homo sapiens
Locations in the PathwayBrowser

The Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is one of the negative regulators of TCR signaling. PD-1 may exert its effects on cell differentiation and survival directly by inhibiting early activation events that are positively regulated by CD28 or indirectly through IL-2. PD-1 ligation inhibits the induction of the cell survival factor Bcl-xL and the expression of transcription factors associated with effector cell function, including GATA-3, Tbet, and Eomes. PD-1 exerts its inhibitory effects by bringing phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2 into the immune synapse, leading to dephosphorylation of CD3-zeta chain, PI3K and AKT.

Literature References
Participant Of
Orthologous Events