Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database

Small interfering RNA (siRNA) biogenesis

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-426486
Type
Pathway
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are 21-25 nucleotide single-stranded RNAs produced by cleavage of longer double-stranded RNAs by the enzyme DICER1 within the RISC loading complex containing DICER1, an Argonaute protein, and either TARBP2 or PRKRA (PACT). Typically the long double-stranded substrates originate from viruses or repetitive elements in the genome and the two strands of the substrate are exactly complementary.
After cleavage by DICER1 the 21-25 nucleotide double-stranded product is loaded into an Argonuate protein (humans contain 4 Argonautes) and rendered single-stranded by a mechanism that is not well characterized.
siRNA-loaded AGO2 is predominantly located at the cytosolic face of the rough endoplasmic reticulum and has also been observed in the nucleus.

Literature References
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Orthologous Events