The arrest at G1/S checkpoint is mediated by the action of a widely known tumor suppressor protein, p53. Loss of p53 functions, as a result of mutations in cancer prevent the G1/S checkpoint (Kuerbitz et al, 1992). P53 is rapidly induced in response to damaged DNA. A number of kinases, phosphatases, histone acetylases and ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes regulate the stability as well as transcriptional activity of p53 after DNA damage.
|1323840||Wild-type p53 is a cell cycle checkpoint determinant following irradiation.||Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A||1992|