Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database
Attention
The EBI data centre will be shutting down from the afternoon (BST) of Friday 26th August until the afternoon of Tuesday 30th August 2016 for essential maintenance. This might impact on some Reactome services and we apologise for any inconvenience.

Cap-dependent Translation Initiation

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-72737
Type
Pathway
Species
Homo sapiens
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

Translation initiation is a complex process in which the Met-tRNAi initiator, 40S, and 60S ribosomal subunits are assembled by eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs) into an 80S ribosome at the start codon of an mRNA. The basic mechanism for this process can be described as a series of five steps: 1) formation of a pool of free 40S subunits, 2) formation of the ternary complex (Met-tRNAi/eIF2/GTP), and subsequently, the 43S complex (comprising the 40S subunit, Met-tRNAi/eIF2/GTP, eIF3 and eIF1A), 3) activation of the mRNA upon binding of the cap-binding complex eIF4F, and factors eIF4A, eIF4B and eIF4H, with subsequent binding to the 43S complex, 4) ribosomal scanning and start codon recognition, and 5) GTP hydrolysis and joining of the 60S ribosomal subunit.

Participants
Participant Of
Orthologous Events