Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database

Hydrolysis of the 5'-end of the nascent transcript by the capping enzyme

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-77078
Type
Reaction
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

After the capping complex is formed, the RNA triphosphatase activity of the capping enzyme hydrolyzes the 5'-end phosphate group of the nascent mRNA transcript to a diphosphate.
The RNA triphosphatase (RTP) domain of mammalian capping enzyme is a member of a superfamily of phosphatases that include the protein tyrosine phosphatases, some lipid phosphatases, and several nucleic acid phosphatases. This family uses a conserved nucleophilic cysteine residue to attack the target phosphate. A transient phospho-cysteinyl enzyme intermediate is then hydrolyzed to regenerate the enzyme active site. It should be noted that while higher eukaryotic capping enzymes use PTP-like triphosphatase domains, the yeast triphosphatases are a completely different class of enzymes. The yeast RTPs are metal-dependent phosphatases. RNA 5'-triphosphatase (RTP) catalyzed first reaction can be represented as:pppN(pN)n + GTP -> ppN(pN)n + Pi; (n=20-25)

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
Participants
Participant Of
hasEvent
This entity is regulated by:
Title Physical Entity Activity
polynucleotide 5'-phosphatase activity of Capping complex (initial) [nucleoplasm] Capping complex (initial) [nucleoplasm] polynucleotide 5'-phosphatase activity (0004651)
Orthologous Events