4,4-dimethylcholesta-8(9),24-dien-3beta-ol, NADPH + H+, and O2 react to form 4-methyl,4-carboxycholesta-8(9),24-dien-3beta-ol, NADP+, and H2O. This reaction, in the endoplasmic reticulum, is catalyzed by SC4MOL (C-4 methylsterol oxidase). The human enzyme has been identified based on its sequence similarity to yeast methyl sterol oxidase (ERG25) and the ability of the cloned human gene to rescue ERG25-deficient yeast cells (Li and Kaplan 1996). The mechanism and stoichiometry of the reaction have been inferred from studies of partially purified rat enzyme (Gaylor et al. 1975; Fukushima et al. 1981).