DHX36 or DHX9 binds MyD88

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
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Both DHX36 and DHX9 were found to interact with MyD88 when co-expressed in human embryonic kidney 293T cells. Moreover, the HA2 and DUF domains of DHX were critical for interaction with the TIR domain of MyD88 [Kim T et al 2010].

DHX9 or DHX36 knockdown by siRNA inhibited cytokine release in human GEN2.2 cell line (leukemic pDC cells) in response to CpG-ODN or to HSV but not to RNA viruses. Furthermore, knockdown of DHX36 diminished the nuclear localization of IRF7 in CpG-A-stimulated cells, while knockdown of DHX9 inhibited nuclear localization of NF-kappaB p50 in response to CpG-B. Thus, DHX36 and DHX9 are thought to trigger MyD88-dependent IRF7 and NF-kappaB activation respectively [Kim T et al 2010].

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
20696886 Aspartate-glutamate-alanine-histidine box motif (DEAH)/RNA helicase A helicases sense microbial DNA in human plasmacytoid dendritic cells

Hanabuchi, S, Plumas, J, Pazhoor, S, Bover, L, Kim, T, Facchinetti, V, Zhang, Z, Chaperot, L, Liu, YJ, Bao, M, Qin, J

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010
Orthologous Events
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