Phosphorylation of CD28

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-388831
Type
Reaction [transition]
Species
Homo sapiens
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The interaction of CD28 with its ligands, B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86) on antigen-presenting cells enhances a number of TCR-mediated responses like production of interleukins. CD28 mediated costimulation is dependent upon phosphorylation of tyrosine residue 191 of the CD28 cytoplasmic tail, present in a 'YMNM' motif. p56Lck and p59Fyn phosphorylate CD28 and the phosphorylated residue allows the recruitment of PI3K, growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2) and Grb2-related adaptor downstream of SHC (GADS) via their src-homology region 2 (SH2) domains.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
8946678 Phosphorylation of each of the distal three tyrosines of the CD28 cytoplasmic tail is required for CD28-induced T cell IL-2 secretion

Teng, JM, King, PD, Sadra, A, Liu, X, Han, A, Selvakumar, A, August, A, Dupont, B

Tissue Antigens 1996
9973466 Identification of tyrosine phosphorylation sites in the CD28 cytoplasmic domain and their role in the costimulation of Jurkat T cells

Sadra, A, Cinek, T, Arellano, JL, Shi, J, Truitt, KE, Imboden, JB

J Immunol 1999
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Catalyst Activity
Title
protein tyrosine kinase activity of Src family tyrosine kinases (SFKs) [cytosol]
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Activity
Orthologous Events
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