Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS) produces Nitric Oxide (NO)

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-418436
Type
Reaction [transition]
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
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Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) produces NO from L-arginine. There are three isoforms of NOS, endothelial, neuronal and inducible (eNOS, nNOS, and iNOS) (Alderton WK et al. 2001). The three isozymes are regulated differentially. eNOS and nNOS, which are constitutively expressed in certain cells, are activated by he binding of calcium (Ca2+) and calmodulin (Alderton WK et al. 2001; Feng C 2012). iNOS is induced in response to immunostimulatory signals and once synthesized, iNos is constitutively active (Alderton WK et al. 2001; Aktan F 2004; Pautz A et al. 2010). NO produced by NOS acts as a signalling molecule by diffusing across cell membranes to activate soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
19089323 Biochemistry of soluble guanylate cyclase

Derbyshire, ER, Marletta, MA

Handb Exp Pharmacol 2009
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Catalyst Activity
Title
nitric-oxide synthase activity of NOS1,2,3 [cytosol]
Physical Entity
Activity
Orthologous Events
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