Reactome: A Curated Pathway Database

ROCK activation by RHO

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-419049
Type
Reaction
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

ROCKs are primarily known as downstream effectors of RHO, but they can also be activated by arachidonic acid, which binds to the pleckstrin homology domain, releasing an autoinhibitory loop within ROCK and allowing catalytic activity (Araki et al. 2001). Proteolytic cleavage at the C-terminus by caspase-3 and granzyme B also activates ROCK1 and ROCK2, causing plasma membrane blebbing during apoptosis (Coleman et al. 2001, Sebbagh et al. 2005). Multiple targets of ROCK contribute to the stabilization of actin filaments and the generation of actin-myosin contractile force.

Literature References
Participants
Participant Of
Orthologous Events