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Defective LARGE causes MDDGA6 and MDDGB6

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-5083627
Type
Pathway
Species
Homo sapiens
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

Glycosyltransferase-like protein LARGE (MIM:603590) is a bifunctional glycosyltransferase with both xylosyltransferase and beta-1,3-glucuronyltransferase activities involved in the biosynthesis of a phosphorylated O-mannosyl trisaccharide, a structure present in alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1; MIM:128239) which plays a key role in skeletal muscle function and regeneration. LARGE contains two substrate-specific GT-domains and belongs to the CAZy glycosyltransferase families GT8 and GT49. Defects in LARGE result in hypoglycosylation of DAG1 and cause several congenital muscular dystrophies (CMDs). Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy congenital with brain and eye anomalies A6 (MDDGA6; MIM:613154) is associated with brain anomalies, eye malformations, profound mental retardation, and death usually in the first years of life (Clement et al. 2008, Mercuri et al. 2009). Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy congenital with mental retardation B6 (MDDGB6; MIM:608840) is associated with profound mental retardation, white matter changes and structural brain abnormalities (Longman et al. 2003).

Participants
Participant Of
Disease
Name Identifier Synonyms
congenital muscular dystrophy 0050557