IKBKA, IKBKB and IKBKG form IKK complex

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-5609665
Type
Reaction [binding]
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
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The multimeric I kappa B kinase (IKK) complex is a key regulator of NFkB signaling, which is responsible for the phosphorylation of inhibitor kB (IkB). The phosphorylation by IKK triggers K48-linked ubiquitination of IkB leading proteasomal degradation of IkB, allowing translocation of NFkB factor to the nucleus, where it can activate transcription of a variety of genes participating in the immune and inflammatory response, cell adhesion, growth control, and protection against apoptosis (Alkalay I et al. 1995; Collins T et al. 1995; Kaltschmidt B et al. 2000; Oeckinghaus A and Ghosh S 2009). The IKK complex is composed of the two catalytic subunits, IKKA (IKBKA) and IKKB (IKBKB) kinases, and a regulatory subunit, NFkB essential modulator (IKBKG/NEMO/IKKG). IKBKG (NEMO) associates with the unphosphorylated IKK kinase C-termini and activates the IKK complex’s catalytic activity (Rothwarf DM et al. 1998). The molecular composition and stoichiometry of the IKK complex remains debatable, although the core IKK complex that range from 700 to 900 kDa is thought to consist of an IKBKA:IKBKB heterodimer associated with an IKBKG dimer or higher oligomeric assemblies (DiDonato JA et al. 1997; May J et al. 2002; Tegethoff S et al. 2003; Marienfeld RB et al. 2006; Rushe M et al. 2008).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
18462684 Structure of a NEMO/IKK-associating domain reveals architecture of the interaction site

Rushe, M, Silvian, L, Bixler, S, Chen, LL, Cheung, A, Bowes, S, Cuervo, H, Berkowitz, S, Zheng, T, Guckian, K, Pellegrini, M, Lugovskoy, A

Structure 2008
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