ATAT acetylates microtubules

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-5618328
Type
Reaction
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

Cilia are enriched in acetylated tubulin, a marker that is associated with stability, and the kinesin motor preferentially travels on acetylated microtubules (Johnson et al, 1998; Reed et al, 2006; Cai et al, 2009). Alpha tubulin acetyltransferase (ATAT), also known as MEC17, has been shown to catalyze the acetylation of alpha tubulin at K40 (Akella et al, 2010; Shida et al, 2010; Montagnac et al, 2013). ATAT preferentially acetylates polymerized alpha tubulin and may access the luminal K40 residue through 'breathing' of the microtubules protofilaments (Shida et al, 2010). ATAT was identified as an interacting protein with components of the BBSome, and siRNA knockdown of ATAT delays assembly of the primary cilium (Jin et al, 2010; Shida et al, 2010). BBIP1 is another component of the BBSome that has been shown to affect tubulin acetylation and stability, potentially through its interaction with HDAC6. BBIP1 exerts its effect on microtubule acetylation independently of its role as a component of the BBSome; it may exert its indirect effect by promoting ATAT-mediated acceleration, by counteracting HDAC6-mediated deacetylation, or by another mechanism (Loktev et al, 2008)

Participants
Participant Of
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Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activity
Title
lysine N-acetyltransferase activity, acting on acetyl phosphate as donor of ATAT [cytosol]
Physical Entity
Activity
Orthologous Events