Recruitment of transition zone proteins

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-5626681
Type
Reaction
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

The transition zone is a protein-rich zone at the base of the cilium that forms after maturation of the mother centriole and prior to or concurrent with the initiation of intraflagellar transport (IFT) (reviewed in Benzing and Schermer, 2011; Reiter et al, 2012). The transition zone consists of a growing number of proteins and protein complexes, many of whose genes are associated with ciliopathies such as nephronophthisis, Meckel-Gruber syndrome and Joubert's syndrome (Reiter et al, 2006; Hu et al, 2010; Sang et al, 2011; Williams et al, 2011; Garcia-Gonzalo et al, 2011; Chih et al, 2012; reviewed in Reiter et al, 2012). In conjunction with SEPT2, which was recently shown to form a septin ring diffusion barrier at the base of the cilium, the transition zone and its resident proteins contribute to protein sorting and ciliary membrane composition and act as a ciliary gate (Hu et al, 2010; Williams et al, 2011; Garcia-Gonzalo et al, 2011; Chih et al, 2012; reviewed in Reiter et al, 2012).

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Orthologous Events