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BACE1 cleaves APP(18-770) to APP(18-671) and APP(672-770)

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-5692495
Type
Reaction
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
Locations in the PathwayBrowser
Summation

Amyloid precursor protein (APP(18-770)) is processed by one of two distinct proteolytic pathways; the non-amyloidogenic pathway where alpha-secretase cleaves APP at the cell surface within the A-beta domain, liberating APPs-alpha and the amyloidogenic pathway, where beta-secretase followed by gamma-secretase cleavages results in peptides which are the main fibril-forming peptides implicated in Alzheimer's disease. In the first step of the amyloidogenic pathway, the endosomal membrane protein beta-secretase 1 (BACE1) catalyses the cleavage of APP(18-770) within the ectodomain and liberates a soluble proteolytic fragment, termed soluble APP-beta (APPs-beta, APP(18-671)) and C99 (APP(672-770) (Baranello et al. 2015, Andrew et al. 2016). APP processing can occur in several endocytic and secretory pathways. For simplicity, the endosome has been chosen in this event.

Literature References
Participants
Participant Of
Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activity
Title
beta-aspartyl-peptidase activity of BACE1 [endosome membrane]
Physical Entity
Activity