Oncogenic MAPK signaling

Stable Identifier
Homo sapiens
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The importance of the RAS/RAF/MAPK cascade in regulating cellular proliferation, differentiation and survival is highlighted by the fact that components of the pathway are mutated with high frequency in a large number of human cancers. Activating mutations in RAS are found in approximately one third of human cancers, while ~8% of tumors express an activated form of BRAF. RAS pathway activation is also achieved in a smaller subset of cancers by loss-of-function mutations in negative regulators of RAS signaling, such as the RAS GAP NF1(reviewed in Prior et al, 2012; Pylayeva-Gupta et al, 2011; Stephen et al, 2014; Lavoie and Therrien, 2015; Lito et al, 2013; Samatar and Poulikakos, 2014; Maertens and Cichowski, 2014).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
21993244 RAS oncogenes: weaving a tumorigenic web

Pylayeva-Gupta, Y, Grabocka, E, Bar-Sagi, D

Nat. Rev. Cancer 2011
25907612 Regulation of RAF protein kinases in ERK signalling

Lavoie, H, Therrien, M

Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 2015
24814062 An expanding role for RAS GTPase activating proteins (RAS GAPs) in cancer

Maertens, O, Cichowski, K

Adv Biol Regul 2014
24202393 Tumor adaptation and resistance to RAF inhibitors

Lito, P, Rosen, N, Solit, DB

Nat. Med. 2013
22589270 A comprehensive survey of Ras mutations in cancer

Prior, IA, Lewis, PD, Mattos, C

Cancer Res. 2012
25435214 Targeting RAS-ERK signalling in cancer: promises and challenges

Samatar, AA, Poulikakos, PI

Nat Rev Drug Discov 2014
24651010 Dragging ras back in the ring

Stephen, AG, Esposito, D, Bagni, RK, McCormick, F

Cancer Cell 2014
Participant Of
Name Identifier Synonyms
cancer 162 malignant tumor, malignant neoplasm, primary cancer