UBA1 adenylates ubiquitin in the nucleoplasm

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-8852128
Type
Reaction [binding]
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
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UBA1 is present in both the cytosol and nucleoplasm (Grenfell et al. 1994). Activation of ubiquitin by UBA1 proceeds through 3 steps: adenylation of ubiquitin, conjugation of ubiquitin from adenyl-ubiquitin to an internal cysteine residue of UBA1, and adenylation of a second molecule of ubiquitin. In the first step, the adenylation module of UBA1 catalyzes the acyl-adenylation of the C-terminal glycine of ubiquitin (Jin et al. 2007, inferred from the rabbit homologue in Haas et al. 1982, Hershko et al. 1983, reviewed in Groettrup et al. 2008).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
18353650 Activating the ubiquitin family: UBA6 challenges the field

Groettrup, M, Pelzer, C, Schmidtke, G, Hofmann, K

Trends Biochem. Sci. 2008
17597759 Dual E1 activation systems for ubiquitin differentially regulate E2 enzyme charging

Jin, J, Li, X, Gygi, SP, Harper, JW

Nature 2007
6277905 Ubiquitin-activating enzyme. Mechanism and role in protein-ubiquitin conjugation

Haas, AL, Warms, JV, Hershko, A, Rose, IA

J. Biol. Chem. 1982
6305978 Components of ubiquitin-protein ligase system. Resolution, affinity purification, and role in protein breakdown

Hershko, A, Heller, H, Elias, S, Ciechanover, A

J. Biol. Chem. 1983
8010951 Nuclear localization of the ubiquitin-activating enzyme, E1, is cell-cycle-dependent

Grenfell, SJ, Trausch-Azar, JS, Handley-Gearhart, PM, Ciechanover, A, Schwartz, AL

Biochem. J. 1994
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