LAG3 (CD233) binds MHC II

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-8856157
Type
Reaction [binding]
Species
Homo sapiens
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Melanomas often express MHC II molecules along with tumor-associated and tumor-specific Ags, which could make these tumors detectable and elemintaed by the immune system. However the expression of MHC II molecules by melanoma cells has been instead associated with poor prognosis (Ruiter et al. 1991, Deffrennes et al. 2001, Ostmeier et al. 2001, Martins et al. 2009). The exact role that MHC II might have in melanoma progression is unclear; it was suggested that MHC II can be involved in the escape of melanoma cells from immune surveillance. Lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (LAG3) belongs to Ig superfamily and is expressed by various subsets of tumor-infiltrating leukocytes. LAG3 is a natural ligand for MHC II and binds MHC II with a much higher avidity than CD4. LAG3 protects MHC II positive melanoma cells from apoptosis. Hemon et al proposes that LAG3-MHC II molecular interaction as a novel pathway enabling melanoma cells not only to escape immune attack but also to counter drug effects and to survive (Hemon et al. 2011).

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
21441454 MHC class II engagement by its ligand LAG-3 (CD223) contributes to melanoma resistance to apoptosis

Hemon, P, Jean-Louis, F, Ramgolam, K, Brignone, C, Viguier, M, Bachelez, H, Triebel, F, Charron, D, Aoudjit, F, Al-Daccak, R, Michel, L

J. Immunol. 2011
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