CCPs deglutamylate tubulin

Stable Identifier
Reaction [transition]
Homo sapiens
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Cytosolic carboxypeptidases (CCPs) catalyze the removal of glutamate residues from the C-terminal tails of both alpha- and beta-tubulin (Kalinina et al. 2007, Rodriguez de la Vega et al. 2007, Kimura et al. 2010, Rogowski et al. 2010). They are members of the MC clan, M14 family, subfamily M14D of metallopeptidases (Kalinina et al. 2007). Mouse Ccp1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 are functionally homologous and remove long glutamate chains from tubulin, while Ccp5 specifically removes branching-point glutamates (Rogowski et al. 2010; Tort et al. 2014). The catalytic activities of the human proteins are inferred from the properties of their mouse homologues and limited studies of human proteins expressed in cultured cells (Rogowski et al. 2010). In this event polyglutamylation is arbitrarily shown on only one tubulin protofilament within the polyglutamylated microtubule.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
17244818 A novel subfamily of mouse cytosolic carboxypeptidases

Kalinina, E, Biswas, R, Berezniuk, I, Hermoso, A, Avilés, FX, Fricker, LD

FASEB J. 2007
21074048 A family of protein-deglutamylating enzymes associated with neurodegeneration

Rogowski, K, van Dijk, J, Magiera, MM, Bosc, C, Deloulme, JC, Bosson, A, Peris, L, Gold, ND, Lacroix, B, Bosch Grau, M, Bec, N, Larroque, C, Desagher, S, Holzer, M, Andrieux, A, Moutin, MJ, Janke, C

Cell 2010
17244817 Nna1-like proteins are active metallocarboxypeptidases of a new and diverse M14 subfamily

Rodriguez de la Vega, M, Sevilla, RG, Hermoso, A, Lorenzo, J, Tanco, S, Diez, A, Fricker, LD, Bautista, JM, Avilés, FX

FASEB J. 2007
20519502 Identification of tubulin deglutamylase among Caenorhabditis elegans and mammalian cytosolic carboxypeptidases (CCPs)

Kimura, Y, Kurabe, N, Ikegami, K, Tsutsumi, K, Konishi, Y, Kaplan, OI, Kunitomo, H, Iino, Y, Blacque, OE, Setou, M

J. Biol. Chem. 2010
25103237 The cytosolic carboxypeptidases CCP2 and CCP3 catalyze posttranslational removal of acidic amino acids

Tort, O, Tanco, S, Rocha, C, Bièche, I, Seixas, C, Bosc, C, Andrieux, A, Moutin, MJ, Avilés, FX, Lorenzo, J, Janke, C

Mol. Biol. Cell 2014
Participant Of
Event Information
Catalyst Activity
Catalyst Activity
metallocarboxypeptidase activity of CCPs [cytosol]
Physical Entity
Inferred From