The RUNX1:CBFB complex regulates expression of genes involved in differentiation of myeloid progenitors which can commit to hematopoietic lineages that lead to generation of platelets, erythrocytes, leukocytes or monocytes.
The RUNX1:CBFB complex recruits histone acetyltransferase CREBBP (CBP) to the promoter of the CSF2 gene, encoding Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), thus inducing GM-CSF expression (Oakford et al. 2010). GM-CSF induces growth, differentiation and survival of macrophages, granulocytes, erythrocytes and megakaryocytes from myeloid progenitors (Barreda et al. 2004).
The RUNX1:CBFB complex directly stimulates transcription of the LGALS3 gene, encoding galectin-3 (Zhang et al. 2009). Galectin-3 is expressed in myeloid progenitors and its levels increase during the maturation process (Le Marer 2000).
The PRKCB gene, encoding protein kinase C-beta, which regulates apoptosis of myeloid cells, is directly transactivated by the RUNX1:CBFB complex (Hu et al. 2004).