Cellular responses to external stimuli

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-8953897
Type
TopLevelPathway
Species
Homo sapiens
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Summation

Individual cells detect and respond to diverse external molecular and physical signals. Appropriate responses to these signals are essential for normal development, maintenance of homeostasis in mature tissues, and effective defensive responses to potentially noxious agents (Kultz 2005). It is convenient, if somewhat arbitrary, to distinguish responses to signals involved in development and homeostasis from ones involved in stress responses, and that classification is followed here, with macroautophagy and responses to metal ions classified as responses to normal external stimuli, while responses to hypoxia, reactive oxygen species, and heat, and the process of cellular senescence are classified as stress responses. Signaling cascades are integral components of all of these response mechanisms but because of their number and diversity, they are grouped in a separate signal transduction superpathway in Reactome.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
15709958 Molecular and evolutionary basis of the cellular stress response

Kültz, D

Annu. Rev. Physiol. 2005
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