TRAF6 mediated IRF7 activation

Stable Identifier
Homo sapiens
Related Species
Rotavirus, Influenza A virus, Hepatitis C Virus, Measles virus
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TRAF6 is crucial for both RIG-I- and MDA5-mediated antiviral responses. The absence of TRAF6 resulted in enhanced viral replication and a significant reduction in the production of type I IFNs and IL6 after infection with RNA virus. Activation of NF-kB and IRF7, but not that of IRF3, was significantly impaired during RIG-like helicases (RLHs) signaling in the absence of TRAF6. TRAF6-induced activation of IRF is likely to be specific for IRF7, while TRAF3 is thought to activate both IRF3 and IRF7. These results strongly suggest that the TRAF6- and TRAF3-dependent pathways are likely to bifurcate at IPS-1, but to converge later at IRF7 in order to co-operatively induce sufficient production of type I IFNs during RLH signaling.

Literature References
PubMed ID Title Journal Year
19479062 TRAF6 establishes innate immune responses by activating NF-kappaB and IRF7 upon sensing cytosolic viral RNA and DNA

Konno, H, Yamamoto, T, Yamazaki, K, Gohda, J, Akiyama, T, Semba, K, Goto, H, Kato, A, Yujiri, T, Imai, T, Kawaguchi, Y, Su, B, Takeuchi, O, Akira, S, Tsunetsugu-Yokota, Y, Inoue, J

PLoS One 2009
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Orthologous Events