Active IKBKB phosphorylates NF-kappa-B inhibitor

Stable Identifier
R-HSA-9773803
Type
Reaction [transition]
Species
Homo sapiens
Compartment
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In human, IkBs (NFKBIA, NFKBIB or NFKBIE) are inhibitory proteins that sequesters NF-kappa-B in the cytoplasm by masking a nuclear localization signal, located just at the C-terminal end of the RelA (p65) subunit of the RelA:NFKB1 heterodimer.

A key event in NF-kappa-B activation involves phosphorylation of IkB by an IkB kinase (IKK). The phosphorylation and ubiquitination of IkB kinase complex is mediated by two distinct pathways, either the classical or alternative pathway. In the classical NF-kappa-B signaling pathway, the activated IKK (IkB kinase) complex, predominantly acting through IKK beta (IKKb, IKBKB) in an IKK gamma (IKBKG, NEMO)-dependent manner, catalyzes the phosphorylation of IkBs (at sites equivalent to Ser32 and Ser36 of human NFKBIA (IkB-alpha) or Ser19 and Ser22 of NFKBIB (IkB-beta)). Once phosphorylated, IkB undergoes ubiquitin-mediated degradation, releasing NF-kappa-B.

Literature References
Participants
Participates
Catalyst Activity

protein serine/threonine kinase activity of CHUK:p-S177,S181-IKBKB:IKBKG [cytosol]

This event is regulated
Negatively by
Orthologous Events
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