Ralf Stephan

Authored Pathways (15/29)
Date Identifier Pathway Reference
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222556 ROS and RNS production in phagocytes BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222499 Latent infection - Other responses of Mtb to phagocytosis BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222387 Tolerance of reactive oxygen produced by macrophages BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222449 Mtb iron assimilation by chelation BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222538 Tolerance by Mtb to nitric oxide produced by macrophages BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222541 Cell redox homeostasis BibTex
2010-10-24 R-HSA-1614635 Sulfur amino acid metabolism BibTex
2010-10-24 R-HSA-1614603 Cysteine formation from homocysteine BibTex
2010-10-24 R-HSA-1614558 Degradation of cysteine and homocysteine BibTex
2010-10-24 R-HSA-1614517 Sulfide oxidation to sulfate BibTex
2010-10-24 R-HSA-1237112 Methionine salvage pathway BibTex
2010-10-16 R-HSA-977347 Serine biosynthesis BibTex
2010-09-19 R-HSA-975634 Retinoid metabolism and transport BibTex
2010-09-16 R-HSA-964975 Vitamins B6 activation to pyridoxal phosphate BibTex
2010-09-13 R-MTU-964903 Chorismate via Shikimate Pathway BibTex
Authored Reactions (15/153)
Date Identifier Reaction Reference
2019-03-25 R-HSA-9640307 DeHA hydrolyses to 2,3-DKG BibTex
2019-03-25 R-HSA-9640302 Asc.- radical dissociates to AscH- and DeHA BibTex
2019-03-25 R-HSA-9640321 2,3-DKG hydrolyses to ERU and oxalate BibTex
2019-03-25 R-HSA-9640316 DeHA hydrolyses to threonate and oxalate BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1562626 Ferritin Complex oxidises 4Fe2+ to Fe(3+)O(OH) BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222491 Lactoferrin scavenges iron ions BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222685 Cathelicidin LL-37 binds to bacterial cell wall BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222516 Intraphagosomal pH is lowered to 5 by V-ATPase BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222353 Protonation of superoxide BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222686 Nitric oxide diffuses into the phagosome BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222662 Nitric oxide enters the bacterium BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222342 Hydroperoxyl enters the bacterium BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222407 Superoxide and nitric oxide react to peroxynitrite BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222376 NOX2 generates superoxide from oxygen BibTex
2011-01-10 R-HSA-1222411 Peroxynitrite oxidizes Peptide-Methionine residues BibTex
Reviewed Pathways (2/2)
Date Identifier Pathway Reference
2019-02-13 R-MTU-9635470 Dimycocersyl phthiocerol biosynthesis BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1660662 Glycosphingolipid metabolism BibTex
Reviewed Reactions (15/28)
Date Identifier Reaction Reference
2019-02-19 R-MTU-9637589 MmpL7 transports PDIM from the cytosol to the cell wall BibTex
2019-02-13 R-MTU-9635440 PapA5 transforms mycocerosyl to PDIM BibTex
2019-02-13 R-MTU-9635452 Pks5 transforms LFCA adenylate ester to mycocerosyl BibTex
2019-02-13 R-MTU-9635428 FadD26, FadD28 transfer LCFA adenylate ester to Pks5 BibTex
2019-02-13 R-MTU-9635480 FadD26, FadD28 transfer adenylyl group to a LCFA BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1861788 Glucosylceramidase 2 cleaves the glucosidic bond of glucocerebroside to form ceramide (plasma membrane) BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1638104 Ceramide glucosyltransferase (UGCG) catalyses the transfer of glucose to ceramide BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1861789 Glucosylceramidase 3 cleaves the glucosidic bond of glucocerebroside to form ceramide (cytosol) BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1605595 Hexosaminidase A cleaves GalNAc from GM2 to form GM3 BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1605717 Ganglioside GM2 activator presents GM2 to hexosaminidase for cleavage BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1605624 Beta-galactosidase hydrolyses GM1 to GM2 BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1605723 Neu5Ac is cleaved from GM3 by NEU2 to form a globoside (cytosol) BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1605724 Neu5Ac is cleaved from GM3 by NEU1 and 4 to form a globoside (lysosomal lumen) BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1606288 Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 4 (SMPD4) hydrolyses sphingomyelin to ceramide (ER membrane) BibTex
2011-10-31 R-HSA-1606807 Arylsulfatase A hydrolyses sulfate from sulfatide to form cerebroside BibTex