Search results for ALG6

Showing 9 results out of 9

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Protein (3 results from a total of 3)

Identifier: R-HSA-449645
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: endoplasmic reticulum membrane
Primary external reference: UniProt: ALG6: Q9Y672
Identifier: R-HSA-4724296
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: endoplasmic reticulum membrane
Primary external reference: UniProt: ALG6: Q9Y672
Identifier: R-HSA-4724295
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: endoplasmic reticulum membrane
Primary external reference: UniProt: Q9Y672

Set (1 results from a total of 1)

Identifier: R-HSA-4724300
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: endoplasmic reticulum membrane

Pathway (1 results from a total of 1)

Identifier: R-HSA-4724289
Species: Homo sapiens
Dolichyl pyrophosphate Man9GlcNAc2 alpha-1,3-glucosyltransferase (ALG6) normally adds the first glucose moiety to the lipid-linked oligosaccharide precursor (LLO aka N-glycan precursor) which is required for subsequent N-glycosylation of proteins (Imbach et al. 1999). Defects in ALG6 can cause congenital disorder of glycosylation 1c (ALG6-CDG, CDG-1c; MIM:603147), a multisystem disorder characterised by under-glycosylated serum glycoproteins (Imbach et al. 1999, Imbach et al. 2000, Westphal et al. 2000, Sun et al. 2005). ALG6 deficiency is accompanied by an accumulation of the N-glycan precursor (GlcNAc)2 (Man)9 (PP-Dol)1 and is the second most common CDG disease subtype after PMM2-CDG (CDG-1a) (Imbach et al. 1999). CDG type 1 diseases result in a wide variety of clinical features, such as defects in the nervous system development, psychomotor retardation, dysmorphic features, hypotonia, coagulation disorders, and immunodeficiency.

Reaction (4 results from a total of 4)

Identifier: R-HSA-446202
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: endoplasmic reticulum lumen
The first glucose is added to the N-glycan precursor, mediated by ALG6. Defects in ALG6 are associated with CDG-Ic disorder (Imbach T et al, 1999; Sun L et al, 2005). The donor is a dolichol-phosphate-glucose (synthesized by ALG5).
Identifier: R-HSA-4724291
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: endoplasmic reticulum membrane, integral component of lumenal side of endoplasmic reticulum membrane
Dolichyl pyrophosphate Man9GlcNAc2 alpha-1,3-glucosyltransferase (ALG6) normally adds the first glucose moiety to the lipid-linked oligosaccharide precursor (LLO aka N-glycan precursor) which is required for subsequent N-glycosylation of proteins (Imbach et al. 1999). Defects in ALG6 can cause congenital disorder of glycosylation 1c (ALG6-CDG, CDG-1c; MIM:603147), a multisystem disorder characterised by under-glycosylated serum glycoproteins (Imbach et al. 1999, Imbach et al. 2000, Westphal et al. 2000, Sun et al. 2005). ALG6 deficiency is accompanied by an accumulation of the N-glycan precursor (GlcNAc)2 (Man)9 (PP-Dol)1 (Imbach et al. 1999). CDG type 1 diseases result in a wide variety of clinical features, such as defects in the nervous system development, psychomotor retardation, dysmorphic features, hypotonia, coagulation disorders, and immunodeficiency. Mutations that can cause ALG6-CDG are A333V and S478P. The A333V mutation is the most commom mutation seen in ALG6-CDG patients. These mutations result in altered activity of ALG6 but don't completely abolish its activity (Imbach et al. 1999, Imbach et al. 2000, Dercksen et al. 2013). A c.257+5G>A splice site mutation (not shown here) that causes exon 3 skipping leads to a nonfunctional protein (Imbach et al. 2000, Westphal et al. 2000). Two more mutations can cause the build up of the N-glycan precursor (GlcNAc)2 (Man)9 (PP-Dol)1; a three bp deletion (897-899delAAT) in exon 9 and an intronic
mutation (680+2T>G) in intron 7 (neither shown here). Transduction of patient fibroblasts with a lentivirus carrying wildtype hALG6 improved the biochemical phenotype of the cells, confirming that these two mutations are disease-causing (Sun et al. 2005).
Identifier: R-HSA-446214
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: endoplasmic reticulum membrane
Dolichyl-phosphate beta-glucosyltransferase (ALG5) associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane catalyzes the reaction of cytosolic UDP-glucose with dolichyl phosphate exposed on the cytosolic face of the ER membrane to form Dolichyl-P-glucose with its glucose moiety oriented toward the cytosol (Imbach T et al, 1999).
Identifier: R-HSA-446211
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: integral component of cytoplasmic side of endoplasmic reticulum membrane, integral component of lumenal side of endoplasmic reticulum membrane
Dolichyl-phosphate-glucose is flipped toward the luminal side of the ER membrane (Imbach T et al, 1999). The exact mechanism and proteins involved in this step are not clear yet, but it is known that it must be carried out by a different flippase than the one that catalyzes the flipping of the N-glycan precursor (Sanyal S et al, 2008).
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