Search results for BUB1

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Protein (2 results from a total of 2)

Identifier: R-HSA-377888
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: cytosol
Primary external reference: UniProt: BUB1: O43683
Identifier: R-HSA-141436
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: cytosol
Primary external reference: UniProt: BUB1B: O60566

Reaction (1 results from a total of 1)

Identifier: R-HSA-1638821
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: cytosol, chromosome
PLK1-mediated phosphorylation of the STAG2 subunit of centromeric cohesin (Hauf et al. 2005) is counteracted by the kinetochore PP2A phosphatase, containing the 56 kDa regulatory B subunit (PP2A-B56 i.e. PP2A-PPP2R5). PP2A-B56 is recruited to the centromeric cohesin complex by shugoshin proteins (SGOL1 and SGOL2) (Kitajima et al. 2006), which are also kinetochore constituents (Cheeseman and Desai 2008). SGOL1 localization to centromeres is sustained by the interaction with histone H2A possessing the phosphorylation of T120 which is introduced by the protein kinase BUB1, and heterochromatin protein HP1 (Kitajima et al. 2005, Kawashima et al. 2010, Yamagishi et al. 2008). Shugoshin- and PP2A-B56-regulated dephosphorylation of centromeric STAG2 ensures that the cohesin complex remains bound to centromeres throughout prometaphase and metaphase, thereby preventing premature separation of sister chromatids (Salic et al. 2004, Kitajima et al. 2004, Kitajima et al. 2005, Kitajima et al. 2006).

Pathway (1 results from a total of 1)

Identifier: R-HSA-2500257
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: cytosol, chromosome, chromosome, centromeric region
The resolution of sister chromatids in mitotic prometaphase involves removal of cohesin complexes from chromosomal arms, with preservation of cohesion at centromeres (Losada et al. 1998, Hauf et al. 2001, Hauf et al. 2005).

CDK1-mediated phosphorylation of cohesin-bound CDCA5 (Sororin) at threonine T159 provides a docking site for PLK1, enabling PLK1-mediated phosphorylation of cohesin subunits STAG2 (SA2) and RAD21 (Hauf et al. 2005, Dreier et al. 2011, Zhang et al. 2011). Further phosphorylation of CDCA5 by CDK1 results in dissociation of CDCA5 from cohesin complex, which restores the activity of WAPAL in removing STAG2-phosphorylated cohesin from chromosomal arms (Hauf et al. 2005, Gandhi et al. 2006, Kueng et al. 2006, Shintomi and Hirano 2006, Nishiyama et al. 2010, Zhang et al. 2011).


At centromeres, kinetochore proteins shugoshins (SGOL1 and SGOL2) enable PP2A-B56 (also a kinetochore constituent) to dephosphorylate the STAG2 subunit of centromeric cohesin. Dephosphorylation of STAG2 enables maintenance of centromeric cohesion, thus preventing separation of sister chromatids until anaphase (Salic et al. 2004, Kitajima et al. 2004, Kitajima et al. 2005, Kitajima et al. 2006).

Icon (2 results from a total of 2)

Species: Homo sapiens
Mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine-protein kinase BUB1
Species: Homo sapiens
Mitotic checkpoint serine/threonine-protein kinase BUB1 beta
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