Search results for FCN2

Showing 9 results out of 9

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Species

Types

Compartments

Reaction types

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Protein (1 results from a total of 1)

Identifier: R-HSA-2530438
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: extracellular region
Primary external reference: UniProt: FCN2: Q15485

Complex (4 results from a total of 4)

Identifier: R-HSA-2530427
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: extracellular region
Identifier: R-HSA-2530460
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: extracellular region
Identifier: R-HSA-2855087
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: extracellular region
Identifier: R-HSA-2855065
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: plasma membrane

Set (1 results from a total of 1)

Identifier: R-ALL-2855063
Compartment: plasma membrane

Reaction (1 results from a total of 1)

Identifier: R-HSA-2855054
Species: Homo sapiens
Compartment: extracellular region, plasma membrane
Human ficolin-2 (L-ficolin, P35, FCN2) is synthesised in the liver and secreted into the bloodstream where it recognizes various capsulated bacteria and exhibits binding specificity for diverse ligands such as lipoteichoic acid, 1,3-beta-d-glucan and acetylated compounds (Lynch et al. 2004, Aoyagi et al. 2008, Ma et al. 2004, Garlatti et al. 2007, Gout et al. 2010). Ficolin-2 also binds to apoptotic HL60, U937 and Jurkat cells (Kuraya et al. 2005).

Pathway (2 results from a total of 2)

Identifier: R-HSA-2855086
Species: Homo sapiens
Ficolins are recognition molecules in the lectin pathway of complement activation. Three types of ficolin have been identified in humans: M-ficolin (ficolin-1, FCN1), L-ficolin (ficolin-2, FCN2) and H-ficolin (ficolin-3, FCN3). FCN2 and 3 circulate in blood plasma whereas FCN1 is locally secreted by immune response cells (Teh et al. 2000, Liu et al. 2005, Matsushita et al. 2002). Plasma ficolins circulate as complexes with MBL-associated serine proteases (MASPs). Upon binding of ficolins to carbohydrates on the target cell surface, MASPs are activated and subsequently activate the complement cascade (Matsushita et al. 2002, Gout et al. 2009). Ficolins function as trimers and larger oligomers. Ficolin peptide sequences contain an amino-terminal cysteine-rich region, a collagen-like domain, a neck region and a carboxy-terminal fibrinogen-like domain. The fibrinogen-like domain binds to pathogen- or apoptotic cell-associated molecular patterns. Different ficolins have distinct recognition specificities (Endo et al. 2007, Thiel and Gadjeva 2009, Garlatti et al. 2010).
Identifier: R-HSA-166662
Species: Homo sapiens
Activation of the lectin pathway (LP) is initiated by Mannose-binding lectin (MBL), the hetero-complex CL-LK formed from COLEC11 (Collectin liver 1, CL-L1) and COLEC10 (Collectin kidney 1, CL-K1), and the ficolins (FCN1, FCN2, FCN3). All are Ca-dependent (C-type) lectins that initiate the complement cascade after binding to specific carbohydrate patterns on the target cell surface. All form trimers and larger oligomers (Jensen et al. 2005, Dommett et al. 2006, Garlatti et al. 2010). MBL and ficolins circulate in plasma as complexes with homodimers of MBL-associated serine proteases (MASP) (Fujita et al. 2004, Hajela et al. 2002). MASP1, MASP2 and MASP3 have all been reported to mediate complement activation. Upon binding of human lectin to the target surface, the complex of lectin:MASP undergoes conformational changes that result in MASP cleavage and activation (Matsushita M et al. 2000, Fujita et al. 2004). Active MASP2 cleaves C4 to generate C4a and C4b. C4b binds to the target cell surface via its thioester bond, then binds circulating C2 (Law and Dodds 1997). Bound C2 is cleaved by MASP2 to yield the C3 convertase C4b:C2a. The active form of MASP1 was reported to cleave C2 in a manner similar to MASP2 (Matsushita et al. 2000, Chen & Wallis 2004). MASP1 can cleave proenzyme MASP2, leading to complement activation (Heja et al. 2012). MASP1 can also cleave fibrinogen to yield fibrinopeptide B, and activates factor XIII. MASP1 may have a role in removal of 'dead C3', i.e. C3(H2O) (Hajela et al. 2002). In addition to MASP1 to 3, two alternatively-slpiced forms of MASP1 (MAp44) and MASP2 (sMAP) have been implicated in complement cascade signaling (Takahashi et al. 1999, Degn et al. 2010). The functions of MASP3, sMAP and MAp44 in the lectin pathway remain to be clarified.
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